73-75. soruları, aşağıdaki paragrafa göre cevaplandırınız.
When human beings learn of something new, as cotton once was for the English, they need a word to describe the new thing. Where do they get the word? If they learn of the new item from another society, they may adopt that society’s word as their own. Linguists call this word borrowing. Alternatively, they may take an older word in their language and reapply it to the new thing. The English-speaking settlers of New England in the seventeenth century, for example, used their old word corn, which previously meant any kind of grain, for the Native American grain maize, calling it Indian corn and, later on, just corn.
73) We can conclude from the case of cotton that ______________ .
A) cotton has become the motivating force behind clothing industry
B) cotton was brought to En
C) the word cotton was borrowed from American Indians
D) English language has so far borrowed a lot of words from other languages
E) the English usually apply an old word to the new thing rather than borrow one from another language
74) It is stated in the passage that when something new emerges in a culture, ___ .
A) words from English are used to describe it
B) some people are opposed to naming it with a foreign word
C) English-speaking people can easily find a new word to describe it
D) inventing a new word is the most common way of naming it
E) there are two ways of naming it; borrowing a word or using an already existing word
75) The passage informs us that the word corn ______ .
A) no longer keeps its original meaning in the Indian language
B) was not existent in English language when the crop was introduced
C) used to have a wider or a more comprehensive meaning
D) is now mostly used by English speaking population of New England
E) has been present in English language since English as a language was formed
76.-80. sorularda, verilen cümleye anlamca en yakın olan cümleyi bulunuz.
76) When we are asked questions about ourselves, we reply to those not sincerely.
A) We avoid giving true answers about ourselves when we are faced with personal questions.
B) We don’t share our private life with others and we speak with curious people insincerely.
C) We don’t like being asked questions about our personal lives.
D) We answer some questions about ourselves sincerely, some insincerely.
E) Our replies to the questions about ourselves reflect the truth most of the time.
77) We, humans, are capable of thinking logically, but we usually do the otherwise.
A) We admire other humans’ logical thinking although we are also equipped with this gift.
B) As humans, we tend to think illogically although we have the ability to think logically.
C) We try to think in a reasonable way, but we cannot most of the time.
D) All the humans have the capacity to think rationally, but they sometimes think irrationally.
E) Humans are different from animals in that they have logical thinking.
78) I used to be able to see her as long as they lived here.
A) I was used to seeing her all the time she was with us.
B) I have decided not to see her again since they moved from this city.
C) I can no longer see her because they have moved away.
D) I don’t see her as often as I did, as her family took her with them.
E) It seems that I will not see her again if they move away.
79) My father never fails to take us for a drive in the countryside every weekend.
A) In spite of his effort to keep it regular, my father is sometimes unable to drive us to the countryside.
B) I would rather my father drove us now and then to the country for fresh air.
C) We always want our father to drive us to the countryside and he agrees to do so.
D) We look forward to weekends, because my father takes us away to the country when he has free time.
E) My father takes us to the country in his car every weekend without fail.
80) The arrangements for the wedding ceremony will be over by the time the guests start coming.
A) The guests won’t like it if the arrangements aren’t to have finished by the time of the wedding.
B) When the first guest arrives, everything necessary for the wedding ceremony will be ready.
C) There will be only a little to do for the wedding when the guests start flooding in.
D) The arrangements must be outstanding during the wedding ceremony and the guests will be pleased with it.
E) I am sure we will have finished the preparations before the guests come for the wedding ceremony.
81.-85. sorularda, boş bırakılan yere parçanın anlam bütünlüğünü sağlamak için getirilebilecek cümleyi bulunuz.
81) Some kinds of birds fly great distances every year. In the autumn, they leave their homes in the north and fly thousands of miles south. _______________ . Scientists do not really know how they do this. They believe that these birds must have some kind of map in their heads.
A) Some of them die in the new environment because of inability to adapt to it
B) Then in the spring, they return to the north, to exactly the same place
C) They stay there permanently and start to multiply
D) Their new homes are also suitable for survival
E) The motive is to protect themselves from extreme conditions of winter
82) Vitamins are very important for good health. One vitamin that you need to have regularly is vitamin C. Certain fruits and vegetables are rich in this vitamin. Some examples are oranges, lemons, and grapefruits, as well as red peppers and tomatoes. Vitamin C can be destroyed by heat, _____________________.
A) and cigarette smokers, therefore, have to take in more vitamin C
B) but other vitamins are also badly needed by body
C) and diets of babies can be supplemented with vitamin C
D) so it is a good idea to eat lots of uncooked fruits and vegetables
E) although it can be stored in the body for later use
83) Imagine a baby about five months old. It can cry and smile, it can eat and sleep and it can dirty its diaper. Did you know that it can also count? That’s not all—small babies are also able to add and subtract small numbers of things. This may be surprising news, but a psychologist has proven that it is true. _____________. But this psychologist believes that they are already present in small babies.
A) Baby care has become an industry which provides employment for many
B) Besides, it has been proved that babies feel what their mothers feel
C) Most psychologists focus on the developmental stages of children
D) Birth defects can now be corrected to some extent via medical operations
E) Many people think that these abilities are learned at school
84) ___________ .You can fry them, boil them or scramble them. Or, if the eggs are very fresh, you can even eat them without cooking them. Whatever way you choose to eat your eggs, however, you must always break the shell first.
A) Most foodstuff lose some of their nutritive value when cooked
B) Fast food is becoming increasingly common with this rapid pace of life
C) There are many ways to prepare eggs for eating
D) While deciding what to eat, you can take several points into account
E) Eggs provide the body with the basic building blocks, that’s, proteins
85) For many years, alligator skin was popular in the United States for making fashionable leather shoes and purses. From 1870 to 1965 at least ten million alligators were killed in the United States for leather. Then, in 1967, the government made laws against hunting alligators. ___________ . Now there are nearly two million alligators in the United States.
A) After that the alligator population began to grow again
B) With these laws, the needed alligator skin was imported from the countries around the Amazon Basin
C) Then the leather industry started to depend on various artificial stuff for making shoes
D) Since then, several other laws have been passed to protect other endangered animals
E) Alligators have many different uses in leather industry and in others
86.-90. sorularda, verilen duruma uygun düşen cümleyi bulunuz.
86) You again have that terrible pain in the stomach while on your way back from work. As you don’t have your prescribed drug with you, you walk into the nearest shop which is a clothes shop and ask:
A) You must have some sort of a pill in the shop. Can you give one to me?
B) Do you happen to know where the nearest pharmacy is?
C) What sort of medicine am I supposed to take?
D) Isn’t it against the law to sell drugs in a shop rather than a chemist’s?
E) Do you have any kind of painkiller which will relieve my ache?
87) You take a taxi on a route you know well. The driver, thinking you are a stranger, takes you around about way in order to get a higher fare. As soon as you see what he is doing, you say forcefully:
A) It is much more scenic to go this way, isn’t it?
B) I’ve never been this way before. It is quicker?
C) Let’s go back and start over again. I don’t like this route.
D) The traffic is much worse this way. We should have gone the normal way.
E) I know the way, and I am not going to pay you any more than the normal fare.
88) You and a friend, who are both students, are looking for an apartment to rent. You see one which is just the right size and in a perfect location, but it needs some repair work and does not have heating. Taking these into consideration, you hope to get it at a better price, so you say to the landlord:
A) We’ll paint it and fix up a bit if you agree to lower the rent.
B) There is no way we could live in a place like this in the winter.
C) How can you charge so much for a place in this condition?
D) If I were you, I would paint this place and have some heating installed.
E) We won’t rent it if you don’t fix it up a bit.
89) Your friend has failed the driving test there times already. After her last attempt, she is frustrated and wants to apply for a new test date as soon as possible. As you feel that after three failures there must be something wrong with her driving ability, you advise her to wait by saying:
A) Don’t worry. You can apply for a new test right away.
B) Some of the driving test officials are really fussy these days. I can’t see anything wrong with your driving.
C) To ensure that you pass next time, why don’t you get some more practice before reapplying?
D) Driving isn’t the most important thing in the world, you know.
E) I regret to inform you that you have failed your test on this occasion.
90) Your brother has been neglecting his school work and spending all his time either out with his friends or at home watching TV or playing computer games. You know that his marks will be very bad, and that your parents will be very disappointed. Feeling it is your duty to warn him, you say:
A) It must be discouraging for you that my marks are always better than yours.
B) I really envy you the way you are so carefree. I wish I could be that way instead of spending all my time studying.
C) Is there anything good on TV tonight? I’m tired of studying and feel like I need a break.
D) Mum and Dad are going to be really upset if you don’t get more serious with your studies.
E) How are your marks this semester? I’m finding it quite difficult to get good marks.
91.-95. sorularda, karşılıklı konuşmanın boş bırakılan kısmını tamamlayabilecek ifadeyi bulunuz.
91) Client : Excuse me, ______________
Secretary : Certainly not, but I must first check the appointments. Well, he is free for the time being. His room is the second on the right.
Client : Thank you very much.
Secretary : You are welcome.
A) I wonder if you could inform your manager that an inspector has come and wants to see him.
B) would you mind if I spoke with Mr. Higgins?
C) will you call your boss here for something urgent?
D) when will the director become available?
E) could you give this message to Mr. Ruby at once?
92) Sam : I have heard that an Englishman has taken over your firm. _____________
Ted : It is too early to say something yet. So far so good.
Sam : There are rumours that he is very generous.
Ted : We will soon see whether he is.
A) How do you like your new boss?
B) Do you know anything about his private life?
C) The British are really stubborn and hardheaded people, aren’t they?
D) How many people will be dismissed because of the present crisis?
E) Who plays the biggest role in your company, the boss or the manager?
93) Sandra : The workers in the nuclear plant are holding a demonstration for better protection.
Sue : Protection from what? Workers normally protest low pay.
Sandra : ______________________.
Sue : Then, they have right to do so. It has been proved that prolonged exposure to radiation results in leukemia. And it is deadly.
A) They claim that they are treated badly and aren’t given what they deserve.
B) Growing plants doesn’t require any protection.
C) They say that they aren’t adequately protected from exposure to radiation.
D) There are already more workers than needed. Some should be given the sack.
E) I agree with you. They all have life insurance policy.
94) Rob : What are you reading Claudia? It seems really absorbing.
Claudia : John Steinbeck’s the Pearl Hunter, so it is, and also it is extremely moving.
Rob : I know about it. ______________.
Claudia : Yes, but unfortunately he fails to do so.
A) And maybe you could lend it to me for another reading.
B) Steinbeck’s all novels reflect a kind of pessimism, don’t they?
C) Everybody is of the opinion that this book brought him fame.
D) I couldn’t help reading it again after the first time I read it.
E) And I really appreciate the father’s desperate efforts to remove the curse on his family.
95) Albert : Somebody named Straus has left a message in my answering machine, but I don’t know anybody by this name.
Mike : ________. He was looking for you at school to enroll in the diving club.
Albert : Then, he took my number from school and called me. I think you’re right.
A) That must be the newcomer we heard from Alicia.
B) I think it happens frequently. Why not call him to speak?
C) Being popular is no good for you. Everyone calls to meet you.
D) It must have been a door-to-door salesperson.
E) How can you forget Straus who happened to be your nephew from Germany?
96.-100. sorularda, cümleler sırasıyla okunduğunda parçanın anlam bütünlüğünü bozan cümleyi bulunuz.
96) (I) Supermarket managers have all kinds of tricks to encourage people to spend more money. (II) Their aim is to make customers go more slowly through the supermarket. (III) They supervise all the workers and evaluate regular sales figures. (IV) They place colorful displays in surprising places to catch the customers’ attention. (V) They also make the corridors near the cash registers narrower so that customers with large shopping carts get stuck or have to slow down and buy more.
A) I B) II C) III D) IV E) V
97) (I) Long before there were airplanes, people wanted to be able to fly. (II) Present day planes depend on the principle of how birds fly afloat. (III) Early scientists studied birds’ wings to see how they worked. (IV)Then they tried to build wings of feath-ers. (V) But when they actually tried to fly, they never stayed up for long.
A) I B) II C) III D) IV E) V
98) (I) Astronomers have recently gathered a surprising amount of information on the sky and planets. (II)We usually do not think of the night sky as a colorful scene. (III) You don’t see much color, in fact, if you look at the stars with just your eyes. (IV) But scientists with special equipment now have a different picture of what is in the sky at night. (V)A new series of photographs shows all kinds of bright colors in the night sky.
A) I B) II C) III D) IV E) V
99) (I) Some of the most famous classical composers died quite young. (II) Among these, for example, were Schubert and Mozart, who both died in their thirties. (III) But not all composers have had short lives. (IV) Bach lived until age 65 and Haydn until age 69 and still others, like Verdi and Richard Strauss, lived on into their eighties. (V) Therefore, it should not be a surprise why classical music is loved and listened so extensively.
A) I B) II C) III D) IV E) V
100) (I) In 1585, Sir Walter Raleigh tried to start the first English settlement in North America. (II) However, the settlement was not successful. (III) Many settlers became sick and others died of hunger or in battles with the Native Americans. (IV)Naturally the Native Americans didn’t experience any drop in the number of their people during this period. (V)When another wave came from England a few years later, the newcomers found that all the settlers were dead.
A) I B) II C) III D) IV E) V
İNGİLİZCE TESTİ BİTMİŞTİR