| 50.-53. sorularda, verilen Türkçe cümleye anlamca en yakın İngilizce cümleyi bulunuz.
50) Ülkenin kendi kaynakları değerini kaybeder diye devlet ithalatı belli bir oranda sınırlamıştır.
A) So as to prevent the original goods of the country from losing their value, the government has taken some precautions.
B) On condition that the government had restricted the import to an extent, the value of the original goods of the country wouldn’t be in loss now.
C) The government has restricted the import at a specific rate in case the original goods of the country lose their value.
D) The government must limit the rate of import to an extent in case the value of the original goods of the country doesn’t diminish.
E) The government is limiting the import to a certain extent so that the original goods of the country shouldn’t lose their value.
51) Vasıflı işçiyi vasıfsız olan işçiden ayırmak için ilkine daha fazla maaş verilmelidir.
A) So as to separate the skilled worker from the unskilled one, the authorities should supply more wages to the former.
B) The skilled worker has some contrasts with the unskilled one, so that the former should be given more wages.
C) In order to tell the skilled worker from the unskilled one, the former one should be given more wages.
D) The skilled worker must be separated from the unskilled one because the former is given more wages.
E) Due to the fact that the skilled worker is differentiated from the unskilled one, the former is provided with more wages.
52) Hayal kırıklığı insanların sahip oldukları büyük umutların yok olması sonucunda ortaya çıkar ve onların intihar etmesine sebep olur.
A) Disillusion appears as a consequence of the elimination of great expectations and causes people to commit suicide.
B) Disillusion arises as a result of the elimination of the great expectations the people have and causes them to commit suicide.
C) When the great expectations the people have disappear, they are certainly going to commit suicide.
D) The main cause of the disillusion is that the great expectations the people have fall down and this causes them to commit suicide.
E) The elimination of great expectations that the people have causes them to get disappointed and also lead them to suicidal.
53) Zamanında bana bu bilgiler yeterince öğretilmedi yoksa ben bu soruları şimdi kolaylıkla cevaplardım.
A) If I had been taught about this knowledge sufficiently in time, I would be able to answer these questions easily right now.
B) Owing to the fact that my teachers didn’t provide me with this knowledge sufficiently in time, I cannot answer these questions easily right now.
C) If only this knowledge had been taught sufficiently in time, I would have already succeeded in answering these questions so far.
D) I wasn’t taught about this knowledge sufficiently in time; otherwise, I would be able to answer these questions easily now.
E) The reason why I cannot answer these questions easily right now is that I wasn’t taught about this knowledge sufficiently in time.
54-56. soruları, aşağıdaki paragrafa göre cevaplandırınız.
Alternative history is generally classified as a type of science fiction, but it also bears some relation to historical fiction. This type of writing describes an imaginary world that is identical to ours up to a certain point in history, but at that point, the two worlds diverge; some important historical event takes place in one world but not in the other, and they go in different directions. Alternative histories, for example, might describe worlds in which the Roman Empire had never fallen, in which the Spanish Armada had been victorious, or in which the South had won the Civil War. Or brainstorming about the possibility is “What if computers had been invented in Victorian times?”
54) One point emphasized in the passage is that _________.
A) alternative history is thoroughly close to the history which we have come across
B) alternative history is known as a branch of science fiction by all the people
C) brainstorming is merely the main activity in the alternative history
D) at first, alternative history appealed very much to the readers, but later it lost its interest
E) alternative history means thinking about the events in terms of the opposites of what actually happened
55) This passage is mainly concerned with the fact that _______ .
A) alternative histories describe worlds in which history has taken another course
B) alternative histories are a type of historical novel
C) science fiction writers have accurately predicted given scientific developments
D) computers were expected to be invented in the Victorian times
E) alternative histories have caught the interest of readers very much
56) According to the passage, in our world _____ .
A) we know that computers, in fact, were found at the time of Victorian era
B) we know some technology was actually known in the history, but warriors didn’t use them
C) we know that the Roman Empire has always been ahead, so we can still see its traces today
D) we know that the Spanish Armada failed to win a victory and the South lost the Civil War
E) we know that some historical events are not completely as they were told
57-60. soruları, aşağıdaki paragrafa göre cevaplandırınız.
Not so many years ago, men and women had “roles” to play. These roles offered security, but they also placed restrictions on each sex. Generally, women were to remain at home raising children and running the household. Generally, men were expected to be successful income-producers and “providers” to their families. Divorce was difficult and frowned upon. A divorced woman had difficulty finding a new partner as she was often viewed as somehow being “deficient”, or why was she divorced? A divorced man’s maturity was suspicious and he could find his professional career advancement threatened. There were many other problems as well. If you lived through this period, you know what I mean.
57) It is clear in the passage that not long ago, both women and men had roles to play _________.
A) and therefore they had to live up to some certain rules imposed upon them
B) and this has changed a great deal in recent years
C) and this has led to exploiting one another
D) and that’s why the latter has been discriminated from the society
E) because they were expected to share the difficulties life has created
58) One can easily understand from the passage that as a result of the above mentioned roles, men ______________.
A) are thought to help women bring children up
B) couldn’t break off their marriage to their spouse
C) are to run their families in terms of economy
D) are superior to women both at home and in society
E) have to deal with their children when their wives are busy
59) According to the passage, the case of divorce __________.
A) causes great discrimination between men and women
B) spoils the later lives of women whereas it provides men with opportunities
C) only deteriorates the lives of women because they have become notorious
D) is the biggest handicap for the married couples, especially for the women
E) creates the image of deficiency for women while it poses problems to men in their career
60) The underlined word “restrictions” in the paragraph is closest in meaning to _______.
A) limitations B) obscurities
C) inhabitants D) corruption E) hostilities
61-64. soruları, aşağıdaki paragrafa göre cevaplandırınız.
MacKinlay Kantor was a pioneer writer of pulp suspense fiction. His “The Light at Three O’Clock” is a terrifying tale of seemingly impossible events at an apartment house. Kantor’s work seems definitely to be in the same genre as Cornell Woolrich, whom he preceded. There are many similarities: the evocation of suspense; the urban setting; the look at “little people” trying to get by on routine jobs during the depression; the scared summoning of authority figures by those people; the background of gang warfare and kidnapping as a source of crime in the 1930’s; the vivid descriptive writing; and the use of seemingly impossible situations that are eventually rationally explained. Kantor’s work could have served as a model for Woolrich’s, because they are so similar.
61) As is pointed out in the passage, MacKinlay Kantor _________.
A) came after the other writer Woolrich; nevertheless, their works have some similarities
B) has merely one masterpiece “The Light at Three O’Clock” throughout his writing career
C) included logical situations in his novels, which anybody can understand
D) seems to have been influenced by the writer Woolrich
E) is known as the leader of pulp suspense fiction
62) In the passage, one of the similarities between Kant’s works and Woolrich’s works ________.
A) is telling about completely impossible events
B) arouses the question “who got affected by one another”
C) is using cities as the setting for their works
D) proves that they are entirely similar to each other
E) clearly shows that Kant has certainly affected Woolrich
63) It can be concluded from the passage that “The Light at Three O’Clock” by MacKinglay Kantor __________.
A) inspired his contemporaries in order that they could write pulp fiction
B) tells of the events which cannot actually happen at a normal apartment
C) includes some contrasts with the work of Cornell Woolrich
D) is rather thrilling and glowing than the work of Cornell Woolrich
E) is claimed to have paid more attention to suspense and curiosity themes
64) The underlined sentence in the passage means ____________.
A) Woolrich must have used Kant’s work as an example in his works.
B) It is highly likely that Woolrich benefited from Kant’s works
C) There are also some rumours about the fact that Kant made use of the works of Woolrich
D) It is obvious that Woolrich used Kant’s works as an example
E) It is likely that Kant’s work was held up as a pulp suspense fiction by Woolrich.
65-67. soruları, aşağıdaki paragrafa göre cevaplandırınız.
The daisy of literature, the true daisy, is Bellis perennis, called in the United States English daisy. This is a low European plant, cultivated in the United States mostly in the double form, with heads of white, pink flowers. The English daisy which closes at night has long been considered the flower of children and of innocence. A purple species native to the lower Mississippi basin is called Western daisy. The common, often weedy, daisy of the United States called also white daisy is native to Europe but naturalized in America. The white daisy is one of the plants named marguerite, but the usual marguerite in cultivation is C. frutescens, a bushy perennial with white or lemon-yellow flowers, native to the Canary Islands and called also Paris daisy.
65) One can understand from the passage that the true daisy also called the English daisy ______.
A) almost always grows either in single or double form
B) all the time yields white, pink and red flowers
C) rarely arises in a single form in the USA
D) may also grow up in the highlands of America
E) can never be produced in other countries
66) It is clear in the passage that the English daisy _________.
A) is thought to be the symbol of children on the whole
B) reflects the innocence of children in its every species
C) represents the innocence of children from the very beginning of history
D) symbolises the children and innocence, for they close at night
E) has lots of species throughout the western countries
67) This paragraph is mainly concerned with ____.
A) the reason why English daisy reflects the innocence of children
B) the changes to which the true daisy was exposed in the USA
C) the places where the true daisy was grown in the past
D) types of daisy and its place in the literature
E) the comparison between the daisies and other flowers
68-71. soruları, aşağıdaki paragrafa göre cevaplandırınız.
In Charlotte Bronte’s Jane Eyre, she is a shy young woman that takes a job as a governess. Her employer is a rude, outraged man named Rochester. He lives in a mysterious mansion on the English moors, which contributes a strange quality to Jane’s experience. Stranger still are the fires, weird noises, and other unexplained happenings in the house; but Rochester refuses to discuss this. Eventually, they fall in love. On the day they are to be married, however, she learns that she has a wife hidden in the house. She is hopelessly insane and violent and must be guarded at all times, which explains his strange behaviour. Heartbroken, Jane leaves the moors and many years pass before they are reunited.
68) It can be easily understood from the passage that in the mysterious mansion _______.
A) Rochester proposed to Jane Eyre, but Jane had to turn it down
B) there are some events unknown to Jane Eyre only
C) Rochester has long kept his first wife as a secret
D) Jane Eyre couldn’t confess that she was also in love with Rochester
E) Jane Eyre started to work as a governess but she was reluctant to do so
69) It is obvious in the passage that Rochester and Jane Eyre __________.
A) got married only after Rochester got divorced from his first wife
B) decided to get married but were prevented from doing so by the people in the mansion
C) cannot come together forever after the secret hidden in the house is known to Jane
D) got married even though Jane was mad and aggressive
E) were supposed to get married but the secret’s being revealed didn’t allow them
70) It is said in the passage that by nature, Rochester ____________.
A) treats other people in the mansion in a very strange manner
B) is so sympathetic that Jane Eyre falls in love with him at first sight
C) attacks the people around him whenever he is asked about his secret wife
D) behaves towards other people impolitely and angrily
E) rejects to answer every question about his life
71) The underlined word “this” in the passage refers to ______________.
A) the rudeness of Rochester
B) the strange situation in the mansion
C) the unexplained events in the mansion
D) the weird noises in the mansion
E) Jane Eyre’s being a very shy woman
72-74. soruları, aşağıdaki paragrafa göre cevaplandırınız.
The great white shark has an undeserved bad reputation. Many people consider the great white not only swift and powerful but also to be a cunning and cruel predator on humans. However, scientists claim that the great white attacks humans not by choice but as a result of chance. To a shark, our behaviour in the water is similar to that of seals and sea lions – the shark’s favourite foods. These sea mammals are both agile enough and can move fast enough to evade the shark. Thus, the shark must attack with swiftness and noiselessly to surprise the prey. Humans become the shark’s victims not because the shark has any preference or hatred of humans but because humans can neither outswim nor can they outmanoeuvre the shark.
72) According to the paragraph, the great white sharks ___________.
A) are thought to be notorious for killing people but they don’t deserve this
B) are merely quick and brutal animals which attack people
C) are claimed to attack people deliberately
D) assume that people are their ideal preys
E) have long been considered as the enemies of both human beings and sea mammals
73) As it is pointed out in the passage, one of the reasons why the white shark attacks human beings _________.
A) is that human beings seem hostile to the white
B) is that the white chooses the human being especially
C) is that there are great contrasts between them
D) comes from the similarity between human beings and some sea mammals in terms of movement
E) causes everybody to evaluate the sharks as the predator of men
74) One can understand from the passage that sea mammals are very active and very successful in escaping from the white _______.
A) and that’s why the white sharks find it easier to catch the human being as their main prey
B) and for that reason, the white are forced to attack them suddenly in order to catch
C) and nevertheless, they cannot always rescue themselves from the assaults of the sharks
D) only if the sharks make an attack against them
E) and this causes the human being to be caught easily