| 51.-54. sorularda, verilen Türkçe cümleye anlamca en yakın İngilizce cümleyi bulunuz.
51) Size vereceğim kitaplara özen göstermeniz koşuluyla, onları istediğiniz kadar elinizde tutabilirsiniz.
A) Only if you take care of the books will I give you them and will you be able to keep them as long as you want.
B) Suppose that I give you these books, you must take care of them and keep them as long as you want.
C) I will give you these books as long as you want, but you should take care of them.
D) On condition that you take care of the books I will give you, you can keep them as long as you want.
E) I will give you the books whenever you want on condition that you take care of them.
52) Bölge sakinlerinin evlerinin çoğunun belediye tarafından yıkıldığı yetmiyormuş gibi şahsi arazilerinin büyük bir kısmı da istimlak edildi.
A) Apart from the demolishment of most of the houses of the residents of the area by the municipality, most of their private properties were expropriated.
B) In addition to demolishing most of the houses of the residents of the area, the municipality has expropriated most of their private properties.
C) The municipality has demolished most of the houses of the residents of the area, and moreover it has expropriated most of their private properties.
D) As if it weren’t enough that the municipality expropriated most of their private properties, most of the houses of the residents of the area were demolished.
E) As if the demolishment of most of the houses of the residents of the area by the municipality were not enough, most of their private properties were expropriated.
53) Avrupalılar tarım teşvikleri hakkında sürüp gitmekte olan uluslararası tartışmalardaki karmaşık politikaları endişe ile izlemektedirler.
A) The international argument about the following complicated agricultural policies is watched by Europeans with anxiety.
B) Europeans are observing the agricultural subsidies about the continuing international complex policies anxiously.
C) Europeans are observing the complex policies in the ongoing international disputes over agricultural subsidies with anxiety.
D) The ongoing international argument about the complicated agricultural policies is followed by Europeans with anxiety.
E) Europeans are anxious about the following international policies which are about the complex agricultural subsidies.
54) Tarih, bugün bir ateşkeste kullanılan cephaneden daha az cephane kullanılmış savaşlar görmüştür.
A) Since the beginning of the history of wars less ammunition has been used in wars than in a cease-fire.
B) A cease-fire usually used more ammunition than a war in history.
C) There have been wars in which less ammunition was used compared with the ammunition used in a cease-fire today.
D) It was seen in history that a cease-fire used more ammunition than wars.
E) History has seen wars in which less ammunition was used than in a cease-fire today.
55-57. soruları, aşağıdaki parçaya göre cevaplandırınız.
Families have been eating large numbers of tuna fish sandwiches for a very long time. Yet not many people know that this year alone the fishing industry has killed 9000 dolphins in the nets which the fishermen used to catch tuna. The nets catch lots of tuna but they also trap the dolphins swimming nearby. Environmentalists are very concerned about this. They have been fighting to save dolphins for many years. As a result, many tuna companies have decided to stop using large, dangerous nets to catch fish. Instead, the fishing industry has been trying to find safer ways to catch tuna fish. Environmentalists say that all this effort has made a big difference. Fewer dolphins have died this year than ever before.
55) According to the passage, it is obvious that _____.
A) tuna has been a popular kind of food for a long time
B) environmentalists have done a lot of research on the effects of tuna on human health
C) most fishermen try to catch dolphins while they catch tuna
D) parents warn their children about the dangers of eating tuna fish
E) tuna would be popular if it weren’t so expensive
56) The writer points out that environmentalists are worried about the fact that __________.
A) tuna has been consumed increasingly over the years
B) dolphins are also killed in the nets which catch tuna
C) people have been eating too many tuna sandwiches which are harmful to health
D) nobody fights in order to save the dolphins
E) fishermen use nets of all sizes to catch fish
57) As a result of the efforts of the environmentalists and the fishing industry _________.
A) people have begun to eat less tuna than ever before
B) a lot of people are aware of the dangers facing wild life in the sea
C) there is a decrease in the number of dolphins being trapped and killed in the nets
D) fishermen can fish more safely in the open sea
E) few fishermen have started to catch other kinds of fish
58-60. soruları, aşağıdaki parçaya göre cevaplandırınız.
Hippopotamus is an African mammal that lives partly in water and partly on land. There are two species of hippopotamuses. The smaller species is called the pygmy hippo and it stands barely waist-high to an adult human. Its bigger relative which is known as the river or common hippopotamus or, simply, hippopotamus is one of the world’s largest and heaviest land animals, weighing up to about 4,000 kg. Although strictly a plant eater, the hippopotamus has massive jaws with formidable tusk. The animal has an unpredictable temperament and is capable of biting through small boats and slicing crocodiles in two.
58) It is understood from the passage that every hippopotamus ____________.
A) has the same physical characteristics which make it the largest and heaviest land animal
B) spends its whole day swimming and hunting fish in the river
C) is fond of attacking the boats and crocodiles which swim nearby it
D) weighs up to about 4000 kg when it becomes an adult
E) cannot be included in the group of largest and heaviest land animals
59) Though the animal involved seems to be docile because of eating plants, it _______.
A) also likes eating crocodiles
B) has been reported to have eaten humans swimming in the river
C) may show its power in a surprising way
D) becomes aggressive in the period of giving birth
E) in fact is a keen eater of animal flesh
60) It is said in the passage that __________.
A) crocodiles are the main enemies of hippopotamuses
B) boats swimming nearby are the only attractions for hippopotamus
C) you can see hippopotamuses in certain continents of the world as well as in Africa
D) hippopotamus isn’t confined only to water as its habitat
E) ravelling by boats in the rivers where hippopotamuses are poses no risks
61-63. soruları, aşağıdaki parçaya göre cevaplandırınız.
Greek mythology is quite generally supposed to show us the way human race thought and felt untold ages ago. The tales of Greek mythology don’t throw any clear light upon what early mankind was like. They do throw an abundance of light upon what early Greeks were like. With the coming forward of Greece, mankind became the centre of the universe, the most important thing in it. This was a revolution in thought. In Greece, man first realised what mankind was. The Greeks didn’t believe that gods created the universe. It was the other way around; the universe created the gods. Before there were gods, heaven and earth had been formed.
61) The writer of the passage points out that Greek mythology __________.
A) is a collection of great stories that present power and excitement
B) includes great myths which are source of all literature
C) is a book which may be read for pleasure and stimulation
D) teaches modern readers what early mankind was like
E) enables us to learn about the Greeks that lived centuries ago
62) According to the passage, the most important discovery of Greece was _______.
A) that mythology answers all questions that come to mind
B) that Greece was the centre of the universe
C) the realisation of the utmost importance of mankind in the universe
D) that gods and human beings were very much alike
E) tales which shed light on not only early human beings but also the Greeks
63) The writer states that unlike common belief, ________.
A) the Greeks believed that the universe created the gods and mankind
B) heaven and earth were created after gods had been created
C) Greece was the centre of the world
D) gods and the universe were formed simultaneously
E) the Greeks thought gods created heaven and earth
64-66. soruları, aşağıdaki parçaya göre cevaplandırınız.
‘Why English?’ This has most of the time been the target question in people’s mind of other nations. Some of these people cannot accept either the widespread usage of this language or their own language’s limitation with their own nation. However; whether such people are happy with this situation or not, English is today spoken in most of the countries all around the world. It is no use discussing the importance of learning and using English in any circumstances. Although there were some attempts to create a world language such as Esperanto, it didn’t work and English has remained the most commonly used language.
64) One can deduce from the passage that ______.
A) people achieved to create an artificial language which is superior to English
B) there’s no limitation for any language to be used worldwide
C) if you want to acquire English as a second language it is not too difficult
D) the trials in the way of making another language a worldwide one were only vain efforts
E) the importance of learning and using English is still under discussion
65) It can be said that some people’s unwillingness about the usage of English all around the world _________.
A) has nothing to do with their national feelings
B) may be because of their inability to learn it
C) may result from the superiority of other languages
D) is because of their incapability of spreading their own languages
E) may be a likely result of their nationalism
66) It’s clear in the paragraph that English ______.
A) has proved its dominance no matter how some are displeased with it
B) will become the most commonly used language throughout the world one day
C) has a complex grammar system and for this reason difficult to be learned
D) is an artificial language which was invented to prevent the dissemination of Esperanto
E) along with Esperanto is the most spoken language by peoples
67-69. soruları, aşağıdaki parçaya göre cevaplandırınız.
The Canterbury Tales, written by Geoffrey Chaucer, describes a group of pilgrims travelling from London to the tomb of Thomas Becket at Canterbury. During their travelling, which was also a common religious act, each character tells his own story. Such stories were popular at that time because almost all literary pieces, unlike today, were written to be read out aloud, and they were in verse. Chaucer used these old stories in his work, but rewrote them in an interesting and amusing way so that people could enjoy themselves while reading. He also did so in order to make his stories be learned and memorized easily as common people were illiterate and literature could be spread only by men of literature that were few in number.
67) One can understand from the passage that Canterbury Tales _______________.
A) was told by Geoffrey Chaucer while his travelling to the holly city Canterbury
B) is a collection of stories told by people at the time of their holly journey
C) is Chaucer’s masterpiece and accepted as the most valuable work of literature by men of literature
D) is a city whose tomb attracts people of all nations throughout the world
E) is a fiction novel which tells the stories of the pilgrims during their journey to Canterbury
68) According to the paragraph, the literature of Chaucer’s time ______________.
A) was difficult to understand and therefore had no literary value
B) had so many works whose traces can be seen even today
C) didn’t require a good memory and intellect in order to be understood
D) was only related with religious stories of people of all kind
E) was different from the present times’ and poems were written merely to be spread orally
69) One point emphasized in the paragraph is that Chaucer ____________.
A) didn’t create new stories but reshaped the former ones by making them more joyful and exciting
B) created joyful and exciting new stories
C) was a holly man who lived in a highly praised time of literature
D) used a highly complex language so that his writings had a memorable literary value
E) compiled the old stories told by the pilgrims without making any changes
70-72. soruları, aşağıdaki parçaya göre cevaplandırınız.
People believe that love is something that makes them have great feelings. When people fall in love, they can’t control their behaviour. When lovers see each other there begins a heart-beat and fast circulation of blood. They tell their feelings with a look and a kiss and understand each other easily. They both see things through rose-coloured spectacles and are not aware of the facts around them. They only live in the great world of love in which they share wonderful experiences. From another point of view, love is a rose which makes people madly curious about each other. It attracts and whips up all the desires while growing and ends when it withers. But from my point of view, love begins with unbelievable feelings, continues with addiction and finishes with hatred!
70) As it is pointed out in the passage, one of the results of love is that _________________ .
A) only one side is affected by the feelings which are experienced
B) it certainly ends up with the marriage of both sides
C) a person may die because of the sudden increase in the heart-beat
D) there happens a change in the anatomic movements of human being
E) it may cause one of the sides to live in an imaginary world
71) The passage is mainly about ___________ .
A) the writer’s being against the common belief about love
B) the general effects after falling in love
C) different aspects and views on love and how it affects people
D) people’s tendency to fall in the sea of love
E) the mutual feelings and dreams of each lover
72) One can understand from the passage that _____________ .
A) the writer never shares the feelings of common belief about love
B) the way one side feels is different from that of the other
C) the writer’s views on love are all positive
D) love is nothing without the feeling of hatred
E) the writer has at least a negative feeling about love contrary to the common one
73-75. soruları, aşağıdaki parçaya göre cevaplandırınız.
Throughout the history of novel, there have been stereotypes of women created by the novelists. Each stereotype reflects her feature in relation with either her outlook or deeds. For instance a “femme fatale” should be blonde, sexy and is almost always considered a threat to men’s superiority. Besides, a “good mother figure” is fat, over thirty-five and there is often a submission to any misbehaviour of her husband no matter how humiliating it is. Another stereotype is “the learned and educated”, and she resembles most of the time to the “femme fatale”, but only with her being a rival to men. Such stereotypes use their wisdom while “femme fatales” see their outlook as the only weapon against men.
73) In the passage, it is told that throughout the history of novel ______________.
A) novelists have invented at least three types of general women character
B) the femme fatale as a woman character has come to the fore
C) there has never been a similarity between the femme fatale and the learned and educated one
D) the role of femme fatale has been misunderstood on the whole
E) there are great similarities between the femme fatale and the good mother figure
74) We can deduce from the passage that the femme fatale ________.
A) takes after the good mother figure in several ways
B) makes use of her intelligence to constitute a superiority to the men
C) has always felt inferiority to the men in the general society
D) should only be evaluated in terms of her deeds
E) takes advantage of her bodily attraction in order to gain victory against men
75) The good mother figure differs from the femme fatale and the learned and educated one _____.
A) in that she uses her outlook in order to gain a superiority on men
B) as she has no desire to bring up children
C) with her yielding attitudes towards her male counterpart in every condition
D) because the latter ones always use their physical appearance in every situation
E) by the way she looks, behaves and speaks