| 51.-54. sorularda, verilen Türkçe cümleye anlamca en yakın İngilizce cümleyi bulunuz.
51) Günümüzde sorun çözebilen ve eleştirel düşünceye sahip olan insanların diğerlerine kıyasla topluma daha çok katkıda bulunabildiği herkes tarafından kabul edilen bir gerçektir.
A) Nowadays, everybody accepts the reality that the people who can resolve the problems and have critical thought can contribute more to the society than the others.
B) Nowadays, it is a reality accepted by everybody that the people who can resolve the problems and have critical thought can contribute more to the society than the others.
C) Nowadays, the people who can resolve the problems and have critical thought can contribute more to the society than the others and this is the reality accepted by everybody.
D) Nowadays, it is a reality accepted by everybody that the people who contribute much to the society can resolve the problems and have critical thought.
E) Nowadays, the people who can resolve the problems and have critical thought are expected to contribute more to the society than the others.
52) Aile çocuğun tüm gelişiminde etkili olduğu kadar ona ilk gelişim ve deneyim fırsatlarını hazırlaması açısından da etkili olan bir kurumdur.
A) Family is an institution which is influential in terms of preparing the opportunities of primary development and experience for the child as much as in his whole development.
B) Family is an institution which affects the whole development of the child as much as his preparations of the opportunities for the primary development and experience.
C) Family is an institution where the child gets his primary education in terms of preparing his opportunities for the development and experience.
D) Family as an institution can affect the child in terms of preparing the opportunities of primary development and experience as much as in his whole development.
E) Family which is influential in terms of preparing the opportunities of primary development for the child as much as in his whole development is an important institution.
53) Kendinizi ne kadar akıllı veya bilgili olarak görürseniz görün, geçmiş hayatınıza kısaca bakacak olursanız, yaptığınız şeylerin büyük bir bölümü aslında duygularınız tarafından belirlenmiştir.
A) It isn’t important whether you are clever or knowledgeable because what really shapes the high proportion of what you did in the past is your emotions.
B) When you have a brief look at your past life, you come to realise that it is not important whether you are clever or knowledgeable in the things you did.
C) However much you see yourself as clever or knowledgeable, if you have a brief look at your past life, a high proportion of what you did was indeed determined by your emotions.
D) However clever or knowledgeable you are, if you have a brief look at your past life, your emotions indeed determined the things you did.
E) No matter how clever or knowledgeable you are, if you have a brief look at your past life, the whole proportion of what you did is indeed determined by your emotions.
54) Çoğu fiziksel değişimler bütün duygular içerisinde aynı olduğu için yalan tespit makineleri sizin kendinizi suçlu veya sinirli hissediyor olduğunuzu söyleyemez.
A) Because it is difficult to distinguish most physical changes from one another, lie-detectors machines are unable to identify your guiltiness or anger.
B) It is because of the likeness of every physical change that lie-detector machines fail to detect the guilty person.
C) The physical changes offer great likeness across all emotions; for that reason, it is quite difficult to find out the guilty person.
D) The reason why lie-detector machines are incapable of finding out whether you are feeling guilty or angry is that all the physical changes are different from one another.
E) Since most physical changes are the same across all emotions, lie-detector machines cannot tell whether you are feeling guilty or angry.
55-57. soruları, aşağıdaki paragrafa göre cevaplandırınız.
Mohandas Gandhi was born in the western part of British-ruled India on October 2, 1869. A timid child, he was married at thirteen to a girl of the same age, Kasturbai. Following the death of his father, Gandhi’s family sent him to England in 1888 to study law. There, he became interested in the philosophy of nonviolence, as expressed in Jesus Christ’s Sermon on the Mount in the Christian Bible. He returned to India in 1891, having graduated from the university, but found little success in his attempts to practice law. Seeking a change of scenery, he accepted a position in South Africa for a year, where he assisted on a lawsuit. Last but not least, he became involved in efforts to end discrimination against the Indian minority there, who were oppressed both by the British and by the Boers.
55) One can understand from the passage that Mohandas Gandhi ___________.
A) was very willing to get married to Kasturbai
B) had to get married to the girl who was much older than he was
C) is known for his major occupation as a lawyer
D) was very hesitant about getting married at the age of thirteen
E) couldn’t be beside her father on his death
56) One point made in the passage is that Jesus Christ’s Sermon on the Mount in the Christian Bible ____.
A) gave way to the discussion over the subject of discrimination
B) is one of the masterpieces of Gandhi during his education in England
C) concerns the possible ways to diminish or eliminate the amount of violence
D) is the main source of inspiration for Gandhi to start rebellion against discrimination
E) only tells of the way how people were leading their lives in South Africa
57) It is clear in the passage that after Gandhi’s study in England, _________.
A) he gave more importance to the protection of the Indians’ human right than law
B) he both continued his job as a lawyer and started to become against the discrimination
C) lots of people from India gathered in order to stop the discrimination
D) he couldn’t bring himself to stay in England any more because of the attacks made by British
E) both the British and the Boers led a revolt against the low population of Indian community
58-60. soruları, aşağıdaki paragrafa göre cevaplandırınız.
Most of the greatest English writers were not born in London but almost all of them went to live there, which is not surprising, considering that it has been the capital since 1066. Shakespeare, for example, who came from Stratford-upon-Avon, worked at the Globe Theatre, on the south bank of the Thames. Dickens, whose name is identified with London, was born in Portsmouth and did not come to live in London until he was 12. Perhaps the most typical case is that of Dr Johnson, who went to London to make his fortune at 28 after failing as a schoolmaster in the Midlands, and whose best pupil, David Garrick, accompanied him and became the greatest actor of his time.
58) One can conclude that there are a great many English writers who chose to live in London, _______.
A) it is therefore thought that all the greatest writers were actually born in London
B) and for that reason they preferred to publish their works in London
C) because London was a source of inspiration for the writers
D) but there are also a few English writers whose birthplace is London
E) and that surprises everybody when they learn that none of these writers were born in London
59) As the writer of the paragraph points out in the passage, although Charles Dickens came to live in London at the age of 12, __________.
A) he didn’t stay there for quite a long time
B) he found the city rather unpromising for him
C) people know that his birthplace was in Portsmouth
D) he used to prefer his hometown as the place for writing his works
E) he is associated with the city of London
60) This passage is mainly concerned with ______.
A) the right places where the greatest English writers were actually born
B) the idea that all the greatest English writers were not from London
C) the English writers’ trials to make a great deal of fortune
D) the comparison and contrast among the greatest English writers
E) the reason why the greatest English writers decided to lead their lives in their own hometowns
61-63. soruları, aşağıdaki paragrafa göre cevaplandırınız.
A postcard sent from southern Sweden in 1982 arrived at its destination in the centre of the country last month, more than 21 years later, a Swedish daily reported on Monday. But the intended recipients of the correspondence died years ago, and their daughter – who sent them the postcard 21 years ago – received the delivery in her mailbox on December 19. The newspaper calculated that the postcard took 7,814 days to travel 830km, averaging a speed of 9m per day. The postage stamp – which cost 1.65 kronor compared to today’s 5.50 kronor – featured a young King Carl Gustaf XVI. The monarch is now a graying 57-year-old.
61) We learn from the passage that the sender of the post card __________.
A) already knew that Swedish postal service didn’t operate efficiently
B) sent the post card on an occasion special to her relatives
C) was then a teenager and hadn’t yet finished collage
D) happened to be its receiver
E) were anxious about what had happened to the post card
62) What may be surprising for any reader of this passage is _____________.
A) that the postal service wrongly delivered the post card to its sender
B) that a post card took so incredibly long to arrive at its destination
C) how the young king of that time has grown so old in a short time
D) the malfunctioning of all Swedish public services
E) why this news attracted so much attention from newspapers
63) The passage says that at the time the postcard was posted, ____________.
A) the daughter was studying in a town 830 km away from her family
B) Sweden used to be ruled under monarchy
C) the stamp for the post card had a royal image on it
D) environmental conditions were so harsh as to prevent some services
E) the mentioned family consisted of three members
64-66. soruları, aşağıdaki paragrafa göre cevaplandırınız.
The brilliance of ancient Egypt, as revealed by excavations in the 1800s, filled the Egyptian Museum at its opening on November 15, 1902. Since then, legendary archaeologists have uncovered many times more riches—grand statues, mysterious mummies, and Tutankhamun’s gold. Much of this made its way to museum galleries, but much also vanished into the obscurity of dim storerooms before ever being studied or displayed. In fact, it is believed by experts in archeology that there are more items both in number and in value than those on display.
64) From the passage we learn that __________.
A) the glory of ancient Egypt came into light with the excavations conducted in the 19th century
B) no civilization of that time was equal to that of Egypt in brilliance
C) the Egyptian museum was opened in the 1800s to display ancient riches
D) Egyptians take care of their cultural heritage properly
E) the first finds of archeologists weren’t put in museum, but stored in dim places
65) According to some specialists in archeology, what we now have in museums from ancient Egyptian civilization _________.
A) shows that the ancient Egyptians made statues for all of their ruler
B) is properly maintained and preserved to prevent any loss of value
C) is small in number and in value compared with the items lost in obscurity of storerooms
D) can give us accurate knowledge about the ancient way of life among ordinary Egyptians
E) many archeologists have become legendary thanks to their excavations
66) The passage implies that our knowledge of ancient Egypt ____________.
A) depends solely on the items which fill the Egyptian Museum
B) simply consists of what the lives of the rulers were like
C) is mainly based on the historical pieces discovered in 1800s
D) reveals that ancient Egypt had a strong ruling class
E) will certainly increase if all the items kept in storerooms are studied
67-69. soruları, aşağıdaki paragrafa göre cevaplandırınız.
Hundreds of laid-off workers from the state-owned aircraft manufacturer, Dirgantara Indonesia (DI), frustrated by officials who ignored protests over their dismissal, plan to take their complaints to primates at Jakarta’s zoo, a demonstrator said Monday. “It is useless to meet and negotiate with people who do not possess a conscience and logic. It will be much better for us to meet with monkeys and apes,” coordinator of the protest, Toto Siswantoro, told the Detikcom online news service. Thousands of DI workers have staged protests in Jakarta in the past few months to protest the company’s mass lay-off plan as part of efforts to revive the ailing business. “It is clear that these monkeys and apes will not be able to give us a solution but at least they can make us happy and can listen to our aspirations,” Siswantoro said.
67) The passage reveals that officials of Indonesia government ___________.
A) didn’t take the protests of the dismissed workers seriously
B) try to take hold of the aircraft manufacturing company
C) feel frustrated by the constant protests of the workers
D) recommend the workers to visit a zoo so as to feel relieved
E) are merciless while dealing with the angry workers
68) It is said in the passage that the mentioned company ____________.
A) is partly owned by workers, partly by the state
B) is the most profitable company of Indonesia
C) would certainly go bankrupt if no more workers were made redundant
D) is trying to recover itself from deterioration in business by dismissing many of the workers
E) both meets the domestic demand for aircraft and exports them abroad
69) According to the demonstrator who spoke to the Detikcom, ___________.
A) the laid-off workers have become tired of negotiating officials who have no logic
B) a visit to the Jakarta zoo will not bring a solution but happiness to the demonstrators
C) monkeys and apes are the best companions for those who are in distress
D) the company will continue its lay-off plan for a few more years
E) the company ignored its commitments to the workers
70-72. soruları, aşağıdaki paragrafa göre cevaplandırınız.
That language is highly complex is shown by the fact that up to now it has not proved possible to translate mechanically from one language to another, with really satisfactory results. The best programmed computer still cannot consistently translate from, say German into English. The fault lies not in the computer but in the failure to provide it with sufficiently accurate instructions, because we are still unable to handle this vastly complex system. It’s been calculated that if the brain used any of the known methods of computing language, it could take several minutes to produce or to understand a single short sentence.
70) As far as we understand from the passage. ___________.
A) mechanical translation from one language to another is possible but not satisfactory
B) well-programmed computers can provide us with exact translations
C) it is totally impossible to translate from one language to another
D) since language is so complex, for translation from one language to another, computers are necessary
E) it is not possible to translate easily from German to English
71) According to the passage, computing language ___________.
A) differs in grammatical structure
B) has a one to one correlation between sound and meaning
C) takes only several minutes to learn
D) is a lot slower than producing language through the brain
E) enables us to understand faster and better
72) The writer states that computers produce unsatisfactory results because ___________.
A) we can not understand its complex system
B) we fail to provide them with the right instructions
C) they are inadequate to the translation
D) they break down
E) we can not use them anyhow
73-75. soruları, aşağıdaki paragrafa göre cevaplandırınız.
A device has been developed that enables babies who are born blind to perceive the world through echoes from an ultrasonic scanner. The battery-operated scanner sends out a pulse of ultra-sound through a case attached to the forehead. Through earplugs, the baby is able to hear echoes in stereo, which tell him what lies in front. By moving his head, he can detect sounds from different parts of the room. The closer the object is, the lower the pitch of the sound. The bigger it is, the louder the sound. The child can also establish whether the object is hard or soft: a hard object will give a clear sound and a soft one will give fuzzy sound with overtones. Normal voice can be heard by the baby while he is wearing the device.
73) According to the passage, the newly-developed device ___________.
A) enables babies to react to echoes
B) helps babies born blind to see
C) enables people to perceive the world better
D) helps blind babies perceive the world
E) is used to listen to a baby’s pulse
74) Babies born blind can understand what is in front by___________.
A) developing different techniques to perceive the objects scattered in the room
B) listening to echoes of the pulses of ultra-sound that the scanner sends out
C) means of hard and soft objects
D) sending out a pulse of ultra-sound
E) touching the objects with their hands
75) According to the passage, when a baby detects a clear and loud sound, it means___________.
A) there is a big and hard object in front of him
B) his device is running out of batteries
C) he is feeling a soft object
D) he is wearing the earplug device
E) there is nothing in his way