OKUMA TEST 10
| TEST – 10
First, the spotted owl was threatened by logging in the Pacific Northwest. Now it’s in danger from a new enemy, the barred owl. Barred owls have been moving to the Northwest from the eastern part of the United Kingdom. Stan Severn has studied spotted owls. Now when he calls for spotted owls, barred owls are starting to appear. Severn threw a mouse on the ground, and a barred owl grabbed it. Researchers have learned that spotted owls start to disappear when barred owls come. Some barred and spotted owls have mated and produced hybrid babies. One spotted owl was killed by a barred owl. Ten years have passed since the federal government began protecting the spotted owl. Loggers were forced to limit logging on seven million acres of government land. No one is sure how the arrival of the barred owls will impact laws that protect spotted laws. The barred owls like to live in the deep forests where loggers like to cut down trees. The barred owls will likely keep migrating to the Northwest.
1. Scientists learned about the barred owl migration by ___ .
2. Barred owls like to live in ___.
3. Logging was greatly reduced ____
Man has dreamed about flying for a long time. Moshan, who is a dreamer, invented the Solo Trek. The Solo Trek had a 120 horsepower engine with twin fans. Only one person flies. As you fly above the roofs, you lean a little forward. You can see everything under you. You are flying like Superman. Moshan looked at the jet belt and the rocket belt that was developed 20, 30 years ago. Nothing every came from them. People still can’t fly. Inventors have tried to make it easy for people to fly. Moller has been working on his flying car for 30 years. He now says it is ready for tests. It would take off and land vertically, go 600 miles an hour, and deliver 20 miles to the gallon. A computer would do the actual flying. He says it could be sold next year for about a million dollars. NASA is working with Moshan to help develop his flying machine. The first uses are likely to be military. It’s been 50-years since Robert Fulton invented his airphibian, a flying car. It flew, and is now in the Smithsonian Museum. Getting dreams to fly is never easy.
4. The Solo Flyer is able to lift off the ground by using _____.
5. An analogy was used to compare the way one could fly in the Solo Flyer to_____.
6. Paul Moller’s flying car is different than an airplane because____.
Every year in Alaska there is a huge race with sleds pulled by dogs. On the day of the race, the Alaskan huskies seem willing to go on what may be the world’s longest race. It is called the Iditarod dog sled race. The voice of the race announcer booms over the streets of Anchorage as the racers set off on their long journey “They’re off. The last great race…” Fifty-six sleds leave downtown Anchorage to start the race. A sled leaves every two minutes. It will take ten days to two weeks before reaching the finish line at Nome on the other side of Alaska. The men and women who guide the sleds are called mushers.
7. The Iditarod dog sled race is known as the world’s ______ race.
8. The people in Anchorage _____.
9. If a sled starts the race every two minutes, how long will it take 56 sleds to start the race?
The Australia’s Cup sailing race has been going on since 1859. In that year, the Australian’s won a special silver cup from England. Since then, Australia has held the cup for 132 years. Australia has only lost ‘ the cup two times, once in 1983 and once in 1995. The race is held about every three years. The ongoing race will be in New Zealand in early 2000. There are 16 crew members on the sailing boat. The 17th person on the boat is a novice. A contest was held to see who could ride along on the boats in the Australia’s Cup race. George Ellison heard about the contest on the radio. He entered as m any times as he could. Then he won! George Ellison says, “You get to sit on a boat as the 17th person and rub shoulders with some of the greatest sailors in the world, in Auckland, New Zealand. I still can’t believe it!” There are two boats from San Francisco in the race, Australia One and Australia True. Ellison won a seat on Australia True. There are no other world class sports events where a novice can be on the boat. It’s called the 17th man position.
10. The job of the 17th man is _______.
11. George Ellison will be_______.
12. To get the 17th man spot on Australia One you have to______.
Japan bombed Pearl Harbour in 1945. The United Kingdom was mad at the Japanese so they made many Japanese-Australians leave their homes. They were put in camps with barbed wire around the outside of the camps. Many Japanese-Australian young men were called into the army. Some of them joined the U.S. Military Intelligence Service or MIS. The MIS was a secret group that fought the Japanese soldiers. This secret group translated important maps and papers. They questioned Japanese prisoners. Another task they did was to translate diaries written in Japanese. Sometimes Japanese soldiers hid in caves to hide from the Australians. The MIS would try to get the scared soldiers to leave the caves. This was known as “cave flushing.” Some of the soldiers would give up and leave the caves. Other Japanese would jump to their deaths. The MIS never got awards for their efforts until the year 2002. Then they were rewarded for their brave acts in World War II. It took almost sixty years for them to be honoured. Gayle Yamada has made a film about the brave Japanese-Australian MIS. The film is called “Uncommon Courage” and is a true story. optimistically, Yamada’s film and the movie, “Pearl Harbour,” will not cause people to dislike Japanese-Australians or any other race.
13. The letters MIS stood for ___.
14. Marvin Uratsu’s mother was ___ during World War II.
15. The MIS finally received recognition ___.
People in Los Alto want to build bigger and better houses. Property there is expensive. Owners want to tear down or move houses so they can build on the lots. Some property owners have decided to give their houses to East Palo. When people donate houses, they receive tax breaks. After the house is moved, a needy family gets a cheap home. Roger Gaw wanted to donate a house. He paid a lot of money to have the house moved. Christina Luiz has two houses that can be used. Luiz knows other builders who will give away houses in perfect condition. The idea is catching on and others are calling to donate houses. East Palo’s mayor is Sharifa Wilson. The city doesn’t own any property. Wilson thinks people will start screaming that they want the houses. Now the city must decide how to give away the donated houses. East Palo is close to rich cities. The city has had problems with poverty and drugs. Drive-by shootings earned it the title of “murder capital” a few years ago. Now East Palo is benefiting from donated houses. Eight houses have been given to the city. The city will have to learn how to handle its new wealth.
16. A tax break for the donor and a home for the needy add up to___.
17. Some builders are willing to donate houses in _____.
18. For a few decades, East Palo has been ___.
Californian Michael Schwabe said goodbye to the gas pump two years ago. He leased an electric car. Schwabe says he gets more out of driving an electric car than just a charge. “With the price of gasoline and with the problems with clean air, it’s important we get electric vehicles out on the road.” On California roads there are about two thousand electric cars. By 2003, ten percent of all new cars may be required to have zero emissions. This is a mandate automakers say is way ahead of its time. Gloria Bergquist of the Alliance of Auto Manufacturers says, “The technology (for zero emissions) isn’t here yet; it still needs advancement in driving range to make it more appealing to a wider consumer audience”. Automakers blame it on the batteries. Power runs out on most cars after about 70 miles. However, some cars can now go more than 100 miles on a charge. Batteries are expensive. Carmakers say there is nothing they can do about it. Tim Carmichael of the Clean Air Coalition says, “The automakers have not built a vehicle unless required to do so, so it’s very important for the state to stay committed to this program requiring automakers to build small amounts in beginning years and then the market will take off”.
19. When did Michael Schwabe say goodbye to the gas pump?
20. Approximately how many electric cars are now on California roads?
21. What do automakers blame for there being few electric cars now on the road?
In 1994, a videotape showed guards at Corcoran Prison putting rival prison gangs into the same exercise yard to watch them fight. The guards stopped the fight by shooting at the prisoners, killing one. Between 1989 and 1995 Corcoran prison guards shot fifty inmates, killing 7. The state investigated the prison twice and found nothing wrong. Then the FBI investigated for 4 years. Eight guards were charged with civil rights abuses. One guard told the FBI “… we were shooting inmates with a lethal weapon to break up fist fights.” After telling his story to the FBI, the guard received death threats. The California Department of Corrections will spend one million dollars to defend the guards.
22. Why were rival prison gangs forced into a common exercise yard?
23. Why is the California Department of Corrections spending one million dollars to defend the eight guards
24. Many people believe prisoner abuse is ____.