OKUMA TEST 31
| TEST – 31
Today, Canada is in the grip of a sudden industrial revolution. While the first, something from the 1860s to the 1960s, shattered the main section of the Canadian economy from agriculture to industry, the new revolution is changing the economy away from traditional smokestack manufacturing industries to those based upon information, services and new technologies. It took the country years to get used to the cultural and social changes resulting from the first industrial revolution, and it would be rashly optimistic to assume that Canadians will not face serious stresses in coming to terms with the changes that are transforming the workplace today.
1. It can be understood from the passage that the Canadian economy ____.
2. The passage points out that the change in Canada from an agricultural to an industrial economy ____.
3. The author has the opinion that the Canadians____.
So many books was written on computers, computer programming, and computer programming languages, particularly C++. To write another book on C++, even the newest C++ IV, probably seems difficult to most, and it is with mild anxiety that, I, the author, take place in this project. But, some good reasons can be stated for doing just that. Most computer professionals will agree that the field of computer and information science has quickly become a valid discipline for academia, and that changes are occurring in computer programming languages. Both of these facts demand that a new direction be taken in presenting the subject.
4. One can understand from the passage that the writer is somewhat apprehensive in case _____ .
5. We can understand from the passage that publications on computer technology _____ .
6. We understand that the author feels that his new book on C++ is justified because _____ .
”Human rights” is a fairly new name for what were previously called ”the rights of man”. It was Margaret Fuller in the 1950s who promoted the use of the expression ”human rights” when she discovered, through her work in the United Nations, that the rights of men were not considered in some parts of the world to include the rights of women. The ”rights of man” at an earlier date had itself replaced the original term ”natural rights” in part, perhaps, for the concept of natural law, with which the concept of natural rights was logically connected, had become a subject of controversy.
7. The reader is explained the stages by which _____ .
8. By referring to Margaret Fuller, the passage explains that before the 1950s, the term ”he right of man” _____ .
9. It is clear in the passage that the disagreement over the concept of natural law _____ .
The shopping centre emerged in the early 1920s in the suburbs that surrounded American cities. Suburbs of that time were residential and depended on the traditional city centres for shopping. The first suburban commercial centres had three certain features: they consisted of a number of stores built and managed by a single developer; they were usually located at an important intersection, and they provided plenty of free, off street parking. These shopping centres were like small-town shopping districts, both in their architecture, which was carefully traditional, and in their position, which integrated them into the surrounding neighbourhood. The stores faced the street and the parking places were usually in the rear.
10. One can understand from the passage that before the introduction of shopping centres those living in the residential suburban areas _____ .
11. It is clear in the passage that a popular location for the early shopping centres in the United States was _____ .
12. We learn from the passage that the new shopping villages were like small-town shopping areas _____ .
Many modern investigators have done research in the field of sleep and their conclusions have often differed extensively. Yet they all have agreed on one point: sleep is nature’s great restorer. Sleep induces such aspects as absence of voluntary motion, loss of awareness and the harsh sounds that we call snoring. There are also changes in metabolism, in the pulse rate, in blood pressure, in bodily temperature, in nerve functions and in the nature of bodily reflexes. Sleep is characteristic of both plant and animal life. There were several theories at the start of the present century to answer the question “Why do we sleep?”. According to one of them,
13. “accumulated” refers to
14. Which of the following may come out if a person is emotionally disturbed?
15. Which of the following is not a feature of sleep?
A phobia is a morbid (i.e. not normal), recurring fear that appears to be unwarranted by actual conditions. In the early part of the 20th century, physicians and psychologists used technical terms for various fears, or phobias, but the more recent trend has been to drop the technical jargon and simply to state what the object of the individual’s fear is. For instance, formerly the style was to speak of “acrophobia”, whereas the same condition is now called “phobia of high places” and phobia about crossing water was formerly called by the technical term “gephyrophobia”. One of the few terms that has survived is “claustrophobia” which is a fear of small, confined, closed spaces. The individual suffering from claustrophobia becomes very tense and anxious whenever he is in a small room or any small, closed space. He often experiences tightness in the chest, rapid pulse and sudden weakness in the limbs, and there is a risk of fainting. The most common characteristic is that the individual feels this fear even when he recognizes that it is unwarranted, that is there is no real cause for alarm. The individual recognizes that the symptoms arise from his own feelings and not from factors in his environment. He is aware that the factors within him start this fear whenever he is in a small, closed place, such as a lift. He feels helpless to avoid the reaction when he is in such a place. His defence against the symptoms is to avoid small, enclosed places.
16. “recurring” refers to
17. “jargon” refers to
18. Which of the following is correct?
Since 1920 there has developed a branch of general science perhaps not recognized everywhere; traumatic surgery. It has greatly been enhanced by the experiments of two world wars. This type of surgery relates to the psychic effects of injury. If has been said that it is the only inescapable type of pathology we have ever known. It is to this condition that first aid and much of the present day emergency surgery is addressed. The general surgeon is called upon to care for wounds and haemorrhage; to deal with foreign bodies, such as bullets and projectiles in the tissues; to treat burns, scalds, sprains, fractures, and dislocations. If there is a head injury, it may be complicated by an injury to the brain requiring craniotomy. If the chest is injured or ribs broken, the lung may be penetrated. Severe blows or crushes involving the abdomen or trunk may produce, besides contusions of the muscles, ruptured viscera, as the kidney, intestines, or bladder. There may be internal bleeding, not at once detected, but manifested some hours afterward by general symptoms of haemorrhage. Many injuries are received where bones are broken but in which the full extent of the damage may not be apparent until X-ray films are made. This is mostly true of some fractures of the spine. In all of these different classes of injury, for checking bleeding, and for restoration of lacerated tissues and complicated fractures to something like their normal continuity, emergency operations may be required. Many injuries may result in serious loss of substance, amputation will be in store for some, and devitalisation of tissue, especially bone, may cause chronic suppuration which will necessitate time-consuming and wide reparative and plastic surgery.
19. Which of the following is correct?
20. Traumatic surgery was known……………..
21. Which of the following is not a medical name?
Tattooing is a world of Polynesian origin, anglicized from the Tahitian “tatu”, denoting the practice of making permanent coloured designs or figures in the skin by means of small punctures or incisions, which receive various dyes or pigments. The colouring is mainly dark blue and dull red. A similar custom, known as cicatrisation or scar-tattooing, consists in repeatedly cutting the skin at the same place so that in healing a raised scar is left. Both varieties of tattooing may be found among the same people, as in the case of the natives of the South Sea Islands. Amongst the Admiralty Islanders, the Fijians, the Gonds and the Todas of India, the inhabitants of the Liu-Kiu Islands and other races, colour-tattooing is or was, confined to the women, and the Latuka of the upper Nile Valley are an example of a people among whom scar-tattooing is practiced upon women only. Colour-tattooing is generally ornamental, but scar-tattooing is more
22. Which of the following is CORRECT?
23. Which of the following statements is CORRECT?
24. Which piece of information is not included in the passage?