Paragraf Tamamlama Test 1
| 1) . …….. Composers such as Schubert, Schumann Listz, and Belioz sought a new freedom in musical expression. Form became less important than content; and that content often had literary connections.
A) Wordsworth is one of the best-known of all the English Romantic poets.
B) Mendelssohn and Brahms are the two most typical representative composers of the romantic era.
C) The Romantic movement, which began around the year 1800 in literature, also had its counterpart in music.
D) In fact, the Romantic movement itself did not last very long.
E) Among the Romantic composers. Brahms has generally been the most popular.
2) . Just how the Alzheimer disease ravages the brain isn’t found out, but a protein molecule is thought to be involved ……. On the theory that the protein causes the disorder by travelling from other tissues to the brain, researchers may now seek to devise drugs that would block the protein and stop it getting there.
3) . Underdeveloped countries are those in which economic structure and development are held back. The causes of the condition of underdevelopment are complicated, but two opposing sets of theories dominates discussion. ….. On the other hand there are the theories that ascribe underdevelopment directly to the distortions of economic structure and the exploitation involved in the relations between the developed and the underdeveloped countries.
4) . The aim of a novel varies with its type. Anthony Trollope’s statement has a fundamental validity: “The object of a novel should be to instruct in morals while it amuses.” At one extreme, some novels are expressly meant to teach, such as some children’s novels and social novels. …… However, one can say that the goal of most novels is to reveal and stimulate thought about aspects of human behaviour both individually and in personal and social
5) . Since universities have existed there have been arguments about what books should be taught to students. …… Others have maintained that such a practice does not help students to distinguish between the good and the bad. Instead, they have suggested that students should be exposed to a wider range of writing.
6) . In Britain today every household with a TV set must, by law, pay for a license, which costs about the same for a year as a trendy newspaper every day. A few people, including those with non-colour TV pay less. ………. Another important source is the selling of its productions to other broadcasting stations.
6) . The Times newspaper has three weekly supplements all published and sold separately. These are The Time Literary Supplement, The Times Education Supplement, and The Times Higher Education Supplement. ………. It is devoted almost completely to book reviews and covers all kinds of new literature.
7) . Generally, the farther north one goes in England, the more adequate are the roads for the traffic they have to carry. …… But the roads in the south of England, apart from the motorways which radiate from London, must be among the most inadequate in Europe. Traffic there frequently moves at walking pace.
8) . The habit of thinking about the past as divided into water-tight periods is particularly dangerous when it comes to economic and social history. Actually ‘periods’ usually have, as their names imply, a purely political connotation _ ‘the Tudor age’ or “the age of Louis XIV. ………. Rather absorbed in its own daily task, it flows on like an underground river, Only occasionally making
9) . A teacher’s expectation of a child’s ability can often determine the child’s actual performance at school. If a group of children is divided into two groups of equal aptitude but their teachers are told that the children in group 1 have high IQs and” are expected to do well, whereas in group 2 the children are academically poor, ……… . This has been born out by numerous studies in many fields, not only in education.
10) . The brain’s main nutritional substance is glucose. ___ . If a diabetic patient receives an overdose of insulin there is a fall in the blood’s glucose.
11) . ________ . This area is called a reservoir. The water stored in it can be used for irrigation or power generation; it can also be used to supply water to homes and industry.
12) . People visit Cappodocia for several reasons. Mainly they come for the exotic scenery and the archaeological interest. _______ . Moreover in the vicinity, there are many places of remarkable beauty and historical significance.
13) . Before 1950, in Britain, it was the responsibility of the municipalities to provide gas and electricity for public use. However, this was changed by the Attlee government; _______. Among them were steel, coal and railways.
14) . Bridges are among the most significant; and often the most spectacular, of all civil engineering works. __________ . Without them it would be impossible to imagine how traffic in Istanbul could circulate. Furthermore they are the symbolic link of two continents.
15) . Following World War II, there was an era of great optimism, economic growth and affluence. It lasted, however, for only a short period of time. _________ . This was largely owing to continuous economic recession and a whole series of world crises. A) The super powers should be held responsible for this state of affairs.
16) . Most of our misconceptions of art arise from a lack of consistency in the use of the words “art” and “beauty”. ….. We always assume that all that is beautiful is art, of that all art is beautiful, that what is not beautiful is not art, and that ugliness is that negation of art. This identification of art and beauty is at the bottom of all our difficulties in the appreciation of art.
17) . At the beginning of this century, a group of writers, from scattered midwestern towns came together in bustling, commercial Chicago. From the rough immediacy of the city, they forged a style that was distinctively and unsparingly realistic. …… In fact the critics were soon to describe Chicago as the literary capital of the US.
18) . Italy is the great country of fountains, and the fountains-of Rome are world famous. ….. It was built in the time of Pope Clement XII about the middle of the eighteenth century. The fountain and the place behind it are a good example of the baroque style of architecture, which gives feeling of magnificence, movement and excitement.
19) . ….. His principal equipment is a leather couch for patients to lie on and a cabinet of mysterious drugs of one kind or another to send them off to sleep. He is particularly interested in the dreams of his patients and may use some form of hypnosis to study their “responses” thoughts and secret emotions.
20) . The Federal Republic of Germany, founded in 1949, had as its first Chancellor Dr. Konrad Adenauer. His Christian Democrat government produced conditions of stability and confidence in which Germany rebuilt her shattered prosperity and a viable parliamentary democracy. Further, his work in building special relationship with France, culminating in a treaty of friendship, was a dramatic contrast to the long tradition of enmity towards
21) . 1972 was not an easy or a successful year for the Heath Government in Britain. It was a year of confrontation with the trade unions. …… Indeed it was even forced to adopt certain policies similar to those which it had attacked so vehemently when it had been in Opposition.
22) . A fitter works in a fitting shop. The operations that he performs include hack sawing, chiselling and filing. He works on a heavy rigid bench which has a vice bolted on it. He has various hand tools to work with. ___. The fitting workshop usually contains a marking-out table and a drilling machine.
23) . Secondary schools are schools for boys and girls from eleven to nineteen years old. There are secondary schools of one kind or another in all countries,___.
24) . Nowadays it is understood that a diet which contains nothing harmful may yet result in a serious disease if certain important elements are missing. ___. Quite a number of such substances are known and they are given letters to identify them. A, B, C, D and so on. Different diseases are associated with deficiencies of particular vitamins.
25) . ___. When man first used animal skins is not known. Skins, even when preserved by tanning, do not last as long as stone, pottery, metals and bone, and our knowledge about the early use of skins is vague.
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