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Paragraf Tamamlama Test 10

TEST 10

1) . Jose is a geologist speleologist, or caver. _____. Sometimes she crawls on her back through tight passages with rock pressing into her body. Other times she rappels, or dangles on the end of a secured rope, down the wall of a deep cave.
A) She has been living in a small Western town for eight years.
B) Her job is to add to our knowledge about how the earth is formed.
C) Her mother always worked a lot to finance her education.
D) Hose received many prizes during her education.
E) Many children want to be like her.

2) . ______ All organizations and people create and accumulate materials that can add to the historical record. It is often that seemingly unimportant box of letters that opens up a whole new area of historical inquiry.
A) World Health Organization started a large scale project on the history of polio.
B) Historical archives are important, however, most of us underestimate their significance in daily life.
C) Do not underestimate the importance of your papers or the records of your club.
D) Historians and librarians are usually great collectors of ancient documents of our monetary history.
E) Nobody knows what the role of our recent political history in our near future.

3) . The most unique feature of our media centre is the television studio. _____. This studio is used for special
projects which the average student is involved in once a year.
A) Television studios are mostly abused by the students having deviant tendencies.
B) These centres are merely available for certain ages of students.
C) Students can leave nothing but their term projects on the shelves there.
D) There students can create and film and television shows that can then be viewed on any or all of our many television sets.
E) The expenses of these centres are met by a special fund established for this purpose only.

4) Another transplant problem is the danger of infection. When surgeons operate, bacteria enter the body and cause infection. The third problem is rejection. The human body naturally rejects, or does not accept, tissue from another body. The blood produces antibodies, which kill the new tissue. ___. Doctors are developing drugs that will stop rejection and increase the number of successful operations.
A) Dr. Christian Barnard performed the first heart transplant in 1967 in South Africa,
B) A number of patients have lived for more than four years after successful surgery,
C) Rejection of the new tissue or organ is the major reason for the failure of transplant operations.
D) Transplant surgery has helped many people,
E) There are problems with transplant surgery.

5) Most nurses continue their education. They learn about new medicines, new machines, and new treatments. ___. For example, some nurses specialize in surgery, emergency care, or paediatrics. In surgery, nurses assist doctors during operations. In emergency rooms, nurses treat people with injuries from accidents. In paediatrics, they care for sick children.
A) Practical nurses are another kind of nurse.
B) There are two kinds of nurses.
C) Most nurses who work in hospitals are general-duty nurses.
D) Some nurses continue their education to become specialists.
E) Nurses are a necessary part of health care.

6) Doctors in India and China are famous for their knowledge of medicinal plants, but healers in many countries all over the world use natural medicines. ___. For example, aloe Vera is good for the skin. It helps minor burns, such as sunburn. Camomile and sage teas are good for stomach problems. Mint or ginger teas often relax people.
A) There is new interest in natural medicine all over the world.
B) Many modern drugs come from a few of the thousands of plants with medicinal uses,
C) The ethno botanists bring the plants back to the laboratory where other scientists extract and study the drugs in them,
D) Scientists have studied medicinal plants and used the knowledge to make synthetic drugs in the laboratory,
E) Later, scientists extracted quinine, which is a treatment for malaria, from the cinchona bark.

7) People have been fishing for thousands of years. They have not only fished but they have also cultivated fish _______ . Carp, which is a kind of fish, has been grown in ponds for thousands of years in China and India. Other species of fish were cultivated in Egypt before 1400 BC. The French have grown oysters for centuries, and today, the Japanese cultivate two kinds of oysters: oysters for food and oysters for pearls. A Japanese was the first to grow cultured pearls in 1893.

A) Up welling occurs when the deep layers of water that contain rich nutrients for the fish to eat mix with the photic layer where the fish live.
B) Aquaculture, or fish farming, is a new profession,
C) Fish farming is often called aquaculture.
D) Also, fishermen want to catch only certain kinds of fish that people like to eat.
E) Biologists have suggested one way to increase fish production by at least ten Times.

8) Business is part of the economy of every country. Free enterprise is the basis of business and the economy of many countries where everyone has the opportunity to start a business. The government may own some of the industries, such as the post office or the steel industry. Yet, in a free enterprise economy, most of the businesses and industries belong to private citizens or private organizations.
The purpose of all business in a free enterprise system is to make money ______. Profit is the income for the owner of the business. After the owner pays the expenses and costs, he or she keeps the rest of the money, the profit. Some of the profit is usually used to improve the business. Therefore, the goal of business management is to be efficient. Managers try to keep the costs of production down. They try to spend less money,
Time, and energy. Efficiency reduces costs and, therefore, prices. It also increases profits.
A) Many businesses are owned by one person.
B) The owner makes the business a success or a failure.
C) Several people can own a business together
D) People cannot start business in a free enterprise system.
E) In fact, the objective is to earn as much profit as possible.

9) Most deserts get less than 5 inches (12.7 cm) of rain each year. The rains are not regular, and there is no rain at all in some years. ___. Because the ground is often hot when it rains some of the rain turns into vapour and returns to the air immediately. Some rainfall is lost because water from heavy rainstorms does not go into the soil. It runs off into wades or
arroyos.
A) Some of the rainwater is always lost by evaporation.
B) Countries with large deserts need to develop and manage them.
C) Farmers can grow enough cotton to sell.
D) Deserts usually, however, do not have many plants that people can eat.
E) The temperature is lowered, and the amount of water in the air is increased.

10) The water on the earth is recycled constantly in a process known as the hydrologic cycle. First, the water in the oceans evaporates. It changes into vapour and forms clouds in the sky. ___. When the water reaches the earth’s surface, it runs off into streams, rivers, lakes, and at last, into the oceans, where the cycle begins again. The water on the surface of the earth and in the atmosphere is known as the hydrosphere. Not all precipitation goes into river.. Some of it seeps into the ground by a process called infiltration. This water collects under the earth’s surface and is groundwater.
A) 95 percent of the earth’s water is in the oceans.
B) Water accumulates in clouds and returns to the surface of the earth in some form of precipitation, which can be either rain, snow, or ice.
C) Consequently, groundwater provides 95 percent of the available fresh water on the earth.
D) Until recently, groundwater was clean,
E) People have been using groundwater for many years.

11) Scientists are looking for cheaper ways to use solar energy to heat air and water. Many buildings are using solar energy to heat their water now. ___. Although these units are still very expensive, more and more people are buying solar hot water heaters. Universities and colleges give solar energy courses where students learn to build their own solar collectors. There are also many books that explain the construction of solar collectors. In the future, there will be more and more solar collectors, especially in the sunny desert areas of the world.
A) Scientists want to use solar energy to take salt out of sea water.
B) There are several advantages to solar energy.
C) The sun releases large amounts of energy.
D) Solar units on the roofs of buildings collect the energy and use it to heat water,
E) If scientists find better and cheaper ways to collect and use energy, people will become comfortable.

12) Cars use large amounts of gasoline. Good drivers drive carefully and save gasoline. ____.First, drive less than 55 mph. At 55 mph, a car uses 20 percent less fuel than at 70 mph. Do not stop and start the car suddenly. Do not stop and leave the engine running for more than a minute. Turn off the engine and start it again. Also tune up the car often. Check the oil in the engine and clean the spark plugs. Keep the right amount of air in the tires. Make the car as light as possible. Do not carry heavy things in the car if you do not have to. A heavy car uses more gasoline than a light one. Finally, drive a small car.
A) A smaller car uses less gasoline,
B) A small engine usually needs less fuel.
C) It is easy to drive a small car.
D) There are several ways to conserve gas in cars.
E) If you drive carefully, you can conserve gasoline while you drive.

13) . ________ . Passengers do not have to wait days or weeks to see if there are seats on the aero planes because the computer can give them the information immediately.
A) Computers are used more and more everyday.
B) The computer can work only in accounting,
C) In the travel industry, computers are widely used to make reservations for airlines and hotels.
D) Computer games are popular in the world,
E) Chemical companies often use computers to analyze their processes and check their products.

14) . There are many kidney transplant operations, and they are often successful. The donor kidney may come from someone in the patient’s family. ___. When the donor is not from the patient’s family, the body more often does not accept the kidney, and the rate of success in only 50 percent.
A) A donor is a person who gives an organ for an operation,
B) Donor organs may come from people who have just died, C) When the donor comes from the patient’s own family, there is an 80 percent chance of success.
D) Machines cause problems for transplant operations,
E) Transplants save people’s lives.

15) . Water for crops comes from five sources: precipitation, atmospheric water other than precipitation, floodwater, groundwater, and irrigation. Precipitation :s rain and snow. Atmospheric water includes fog, clouds, and humidity in the air. Floodwater comes from a river when the water runs over the sides of the river. ___. Although they cannot always control floodwaters, engineers build dams across rivers to collect precipitation and floodwater. Behind the dams there are reservoirs, which are artificial lakes. They keep the water until it is needed for irrigation.
A) Farmers cannot control precipitation or atmospheric water,
B) The water is usually brought to the surface by a pump,
C) Water for irrigation comes from two main sources,
D) People found ways to bring water to their crops by irrigation,
E) Irrigation is used today not only in arid regions but also in areas where there is rainfall.

16) . One very important use of the computer is in word processing. A word processor is a computer that can type letters, papers, or books. It makes the secretary, student, or writer’s jobs easier, faster, and more efficient. The word processor can type many copies of the same letter and make
changes in each copy. If the university wants to send a letter to all its students, the word processor can type the letters and envelopes. If students need to write research papers, they can type them on the word processor. Then it is easy to make corrections or changes. ___.
A) People who work with computers sometimes make mistakes, but computers do not.
B) Computers process data in different ways,
C) When the paper is finished, the word processor can type many copies of the paper.
D) There are many advantages of computers,
E) There are many computer languages, such as Basic, Cobol and Fortran.

17) . Scientists are looking for other ways to use solar energy. For instance, they want to use solar energy to take the salt out of sea water. ___. Scientists want to supply this fresh water from the ocean. Researchers in Mexico and Abu Dhabi are doing important work on desalination.
A) Scientists are looking for cheaper ways to use solar energy to heat air and water.
B) People who live in dry, desert areas near oceans need fresh water,
C) There are several advantages to solar energy,
D) More and more people are buying solar hot water heaters,
E) In the future, there will be more and more solar collectors, especially in the sunny desert areas of the world.

18) . Dr. Christian Barnard performed the first heart transplant in 1967 in South Africa..___. A number of patients have lived for more than four years after successful surgery.

A) Kidney and heart transplants are successful because of heart and lung machines.
B) Since then, there have been many successful operations,
C) Rejection of the new tissue or organ is the major reason for the failure of transplant operations,
D) Organ transplants are not easy,
E) There will never be an artificial heart.

19) . One alternate source is geothermal heat, which also comes from deep inside the earth. The inside of the earth is very hot. This heat makes the underground water hot. ___. Steam, which is hot water vapor in the air, sometimes comes to the surface. One example of this is the Old Faithful geyser in Yellowstone National Park in the United States.
A) Iceland, Spain, the U.S., and other countries are using geothermal heat now.
B) People use the hot water to heat or cool buildings.
C) In some places of the earth, this hot water is near the surface.
D) Hot water produces electricity.
E) People take the hot water or steam from inside the earth.

20) . Groundwater is important for three reasons. First, 95 percent of the earth’s water is in the oceans. It is salty and useless for plants, animals, or humans. ___.Surface water is .05 percent of the earth’s water while underground water is 4 percent of the earth’s water. Consequently, groundwater provides 95 percent of the available fresh water on the earth.
Second, groundwater is important not only because of the size of the supply, but also because of its dependability. It is always available since it does not depend on seasonal rain or snow. A third reason is that, until recently, groundwater was clean. It was not necessary to purify it before people drank it. However, for many years, people have been burying garbage and poisonous wastes underground. These poisons have polluted the groundwater in many places and made it unsafe for human
use unless it is purified first.
A) The water on the surface of the earth and in the atmosphere is known as the hydrosphere,
B) Fresh water, which people can use for drinking or for agriculture, is either on the earth’s surface in lakes and rivers or underground,
C) The water collects under the earth’s surface is called groundwater.
D) The water on the earth is recycled constantly,
E) The water in the oceans evaporates.

21) . Fishermen harvest about 70 million tons of seafood every year. Over half of the seafood harvested is used to make fish meal, which is a food for chickens and other animals. Humans then eat the chicken and beef. ___. Because of its high protein value, fish could help solve the world’s food shortage.
A) Most fish live near the surface of the ocean.
B) They live in the photic layer of water,
C) Large numbers of fish live in areas where natural up welling occurs.
D) It is more efficient for people to eat the fish itself than to eat the animals that ate the fish meal,
E) People like fish more than meat.

22) . As much as 36 percent of the world’s land is desert, and about 15 percent of the world’s population lives there. Countries with large deserts need to develop and manage them. ___. Agricultural scientists are searching for ways to improve crops. For instance, cotton is a major cash crop in many arid regions. Farmers can grow enough cotton to sell. New cotton
plants, which grow faster and use less water and fewer chemicals, are being developed. Bio energy research is looking for new crops that arid land farmers can use for cash crops. Plants, such as the jojoba, euphorbia, and the guayule, may be valuable crops in the future. Desert agriculturalists are also developing plants called halophytes, which grow in salty water.
A) Much research is being done in arid land management because arid land farming is becoming more necessary,
B) Research is being done on growing plants in greenhouses,
C) In Abu Dhabi, plastic greenhouses are producing fresh vegetables is only sand and water.
D) Good land management is necessary in desert regions,
E) Cotton is a cash crop in many desert lands.

23) . The Green Revolution, however, was not a total success. There were several problems. The new plants not only increased grain production but also increased the farmers’ dependence on new technology. The new seeds needed more water, fertilizer, and pesticides than the old kinds of seeds. With the need for more water, farmers had to build irrigation
systems to provide dependable sources of water or depend on rainfall. ___. Without new irrigation systems, the new crops depended only on natural rainfall. The amount of rainfall is not always dependable. For instance, several years of drought in parts of Asia, the Soviet Union, and Africa caused a large decrease in the world’s food supply. That decrease was the first one in twenty years.
A) Another problem for the new agriculture has been the increased Cost of petroleum.
B) The amount of rainfall is very important,
C) Farmers needed expensive machines to plant and harvest the increased production from the new plants,
D) Modern technology, new machines, and information were needed to build these new systems,
E) Better roads and transportation were needed to move the grain from the fields to the mills and from the mills to the markets.

24) . The computer can process data quickly and accurately. At the same Time, it can store vast amounts of data, and it can perform long, tiring jobs. All these advantages have made the computer part of life. Computers will make life easier since they can help in the office, at school, and at home. ___.Therefore, it is good to begin to understand these new machines and what they do.
A) The most important advantage of the computer is that it can store, great amounts of data.
B) The computer doesn’t get tired or bored,
C) A computer program must be written in a language that the computer can understand.
D) People who write computer programs are called computer programmers,
E) Soon they will be part of everyone’s life.
25) . Many different kinds of scientists, such as physicians, biologists, and anthropologists, are studying medicinal plants. One kind of scientist who specializes in collecting medicinal plants is the ethno botanist. Ethno botanists study groups of people and their medicines. They travel to many places, such as South America and Africa, where there are thousands of medicinal plants. They live with the native people and learn
how the people use these plants. ___. These studies are helping
doctors find new cures for many diseases.
A) Scientists have studied medicinal plants and used the knowledge to make synthetic drugs.
B) Many of these drugs are effective in the treatment of cancer,
C) Then they bring the plants back to the laboratory where other scientists extract and study the drugs in them.
D) Many doctors are famous for their knowledge of medicinal plants,
E) In 1803, Jackrick Serturner took morphine from the opium poppy.
 

Cevabı Göster
TEST 9 TEST 10 TEST 11 TEST 12 TEST 13 TEST 14 TEST 15 TEST 16
1 C 1 B 1 D 1 A 1 D 1 B 1 B 1 D
2 E 2 C 2 C 2 D 2 B 2 E 2 C 2 E
3 A 3 D 3 C 3 B 3 D 3 C 3 C 3 A
4 C 4 C 4 C 4 C 4 D 4 C 4 C 4 C
5 E 5 D 5 C 5 A 5 C 5 A 5 C 5 E
6 C 6 B 6 A 6 B 6 D 6 D 6 A 6 C
7 A 7 C 7 C 7 C 7 E 7 E 7 A 7 E
8 B 8 E 8 E 8 A 8 D 8 A 8 C 8 A
9 E 9 A 9 E 9 E 9 A 9 A 9 E 9 E
10 B 10 B 10 C 10 E 10 D 10 B 10 A 10 C
11 A 11 D 11 A 11 A 11 B 11 A 11 D 11 D
12 B 12 D 12 B 12 A 12 E 12 B 12 B 12 E
13 E 13 C 13 B 13 A 13 A 13 C 13 C 13 A
14 A 14 C 14 D 14 B 14 B 14 A 14 E 14 C
15 C 15 A 15 A 15 B 15 C 15 E 15 E 15 E
16 C 16 C 16 A 16 B 16 A 16 D 16 D 16 E
17 A 17 B 17 D 17 E 17 A 17 B 17 C 17 E
18 C 18 B 18 E 18 C 18 E 18 E 18 A 18 A
19 E 19 C 19 C 19 C 19 B 19 E 19 E 19 B
20 D 20 B 20 B 20 A 20 A 20 E 20 C 20 A
21 A 21 D 21 B 21 D 21 A 21 A 21 A 21 A
22 C 22 A 22 E 22 C 22 B 22 B 22 D 22 C
23 D 23 D 23 A 23 B 23 E 23 B 23 E 23 B
24 E 24 E 24 B 24 E 24   24 C 24 E 24 B
25 A 25 C 25 C 25 B 25 E 25 C 25 D 25 A

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