Paragraf Tamamlama Test 10
| 1) . Jose is a geologist speleologist, or caver. _____. Sometimes she crawls on her back through tight passages with rock pressing into her body. Other times she rappels, or dangles on the end of a secured rope, down the wall of a deep cave.
A) She has been living in a small Western town for eight years.
B) Her job is to add to our knowledge about how the earth is formed.
C) Her mother always worked a lot to finance her education.
D) Hose received many prizes during her education.
E) Many children want to be like her.
2) . ______ All organizations and people create and accumulate materials that can add to the historical record. It is often that seemingly unimportant box of letters that opens up a whole new area of historical inquiry.
3) . The most unique feature of our media centre is the television studio. _____. This studio is used for special
4) Another transplant problem is the danger of infection. When surgeons operate, bacteria enter the body and cause infection. The third problem is rejection. The human body naturally rejects, or does not accept, tissue from another body. The blood produces antibodies, which kill the new tissue. ___. Doctors are developing drugs that will stop rejection and increase the number of successful operations.
5) Most nurses continue their education. They learn about new medicines, new machines, and new treatments. ___. For example, some nurses specialize in surgery, emergency care, or paediatrics. In surgery, nurses assist doctors during operations. In emergency rooms, nurses treat people with injuries from accidents. In paediatrics, they care for sick children.
6) Doctors in India and China are famous for their knowledge of medicinal plants, but healers in many countries all over the world use natural medicines. ___. For example, aloe Vera is good for the skin. It helps minor burns, such as sunburn. Camomile and sage teas are good for stomach problems. Mint or ginger teas often relax people.
7) People have been fishing for thousands of years. They have not only fished but they have also cultivated fish _______ . Carp, which is a kind of fish, has been grown in ponds for thousands of years in China and India. Other species of fish were cultivated in Egypt before 1400 BC. The French have grown oysters for centuries, and today, the Japanese cultivate two kinds of oysters: oysters for food and oysters for pearls. A Japanese was the first to grow cultured pearls in 1893.
A) Up welling occurs when the deep layers of water that contain rich nutrients for the fish to eat mix with the photic layer where the fish live.
8) Business is part of the economy of every country. Free enterprise is the basis of business and the economy of many countries where everyone has the opportunity to start a business. The government may own some of the industries, such as the post office or the steel industry. Yet, in a free enterprise economy, most of the businesses and industries belong to private citizens or private organizations.
9) Most deserts get less than 5 inches (12.7 cm) of rain each year. The rains are not regular, and there is no rain at all in some years. ___. Because the ground is often hot when it rains some of the rain turns into vapour and returns to the air immediately. Some rainfall is lost because water from heavy rainstorms does not go into the soil. It runs off into wades or
10) The water on the earth is recycled constantly in a process known as the hydrologic cycle. First, the water in the oceans evaporates. It changes into vapour and forms clouds in the sky. ___. When the water reaches the earth’s surface, it runs off into streams, rivers, lakes, and at last, into the oceans, where the cycle begins again. The water on the surface of the earth and in the atmosphere is known as the hydrosphere. Not all precipitation goes into river.. Some of it seeps into the ground by a process called infiltration. This water collects under the earth’s surface and is groundwater.
11) Scientists are looking for cheaper ways to use solar energy to heat air and water. Many buildings are using solar energy to heat their water now. ___. Although these units are still very expensive, more and more people are buying solar hot water heaters. Universities and colleges give solar energy courses where students learn to build their own solar collectors. There are also many books that explain the construction of solar collectors. In the future, there will be more and more solar collectors, especially in the sunny desert areas of the world.
12) Cars use large amounts of gasoline. Good drivers drive carefully and save gasoline. ____.First, drive less than 55 mph. At 55 mph, a car uses 20 percent less fuel than at 70 mph. Do not stop and start the car suddenly. Do not stop and leave the engine running for more than a minute. Turn off the engine and start it again. Also tune up the car often. Check the oil in the engine and clean the spark plugs. Keep the right amount of air in the tires. Make the car as light as possible. Do not carry heavy things in the car if you do not have to. A heavy car uses more gasoline than a light one. Finally, drive a small car.
13) . ________ . Passengers do not have to wait days or weeks to see if there are seats on the aero planes because the computer can give them the information immediately.
14) . There are many kidney transplant operations, and they are often successful. The donor kidney may come from someone in the patient’s family. ___. When the donor is not from the patient’s family, the body more often does not accept the kidney, and the rate of success in only 50 percent.
15) . Water for crops comes from five sources: precipitation, atmospheric water other than precipitation, floodwater, groundwater, and irrigation. Precipitation :s rain and snow. Atmospheric water includes fog, clouds, and humidity in the air. Floodwater comes from a river when the water runs over the sides of the river. ___. Although they cannot always control floodwaters, engineers build dams across rivers to collect precipitation and floodwater. Behind the dams there are reservoirs, which are artificial lakes. They keep the water until it is needed for irrigation.
16) . One very important use of the computer is in word processing. A word processor is a computer that can type letters, papers, or books. It makes the secretary, student, or writer’s jobs easier, faster, and more efficient. The word processor can type many copies of the same letter and make
17) . Scientists are looking for other ways to use solar energy. For instance, they want to use solar energy to take the salt out of sea water. ___. Scientists want to supply this fresh water from the ocean. Researchers in Mexico and Abu Dhabi are doing important work on desalination.
18) . Dr. Christian Barnard performed the first heart transplant in 1967 in South Africa..___. A number of patients have lived for more than four years after successful surgery.
A) Kidney and heart transplants are successful because of heart and lung machines.
19) . One alternate source is geothermal heat, which also comes from deep inside the earth. The inside of the earth is very hot. This heat makes the underground water hot. ___. Steam, which is hot water vapor in the air, sometimes comes to the surface. One example of this is the Old Faithful geyser in Yellowstone National Park in the United States.
20) . Groundwater is important for three reasons. First, 95 percent of the earth’s water is in the oceans. It is salty and useless for plants, animals, or humans. ___.Surface water is .05 percent of the earth’s water while underground water is 4 percent of the earth’s water. Consequently, groundwater provides 95 percent of the available fresh water on the earth.
21) . Fishermen harvest about 70 million tons of seafood every year. Over half of the seafood harvested is used to make fish meal, which is a food for chickens and other animals. Humans then eat the chicken and beef. ___. Because of its high protein value, fish could help solve the world’s food shortage.
22) . As much as 36 percent of the world’s land is desert, and about 15 percent of the world’s population lives there. Countries with large deserts need to develop and manage them. ___. Agricultural scientists are searching for ways to improve crops. For instance, cotton is a major cash crop in many arid regions. Farmers can grow enough cotton to sell. New cotton
23) . The Green Revolution, however, was not a total success. There were several problems. The new plants not only increased grain production but also increased the farmers’ dependence on new technology. The new seeds needed more water, fertilizer, and pesticides than the old kinds of seeds. With the need for more water, farmers had to build irrigation
24) . The computer can process data quickly and accurately. At the same Time, it can store vast amounts of data, and it can perform long, tiring jobs. All these advantages have made the computer part of life. Computers will make life easier since they can help in the office, at school, and at home. ___.Therefore, it is good to begin to understand these new machines and what they do.
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