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Paragraf Tamamlama Test 14


1) . ….To be clearer, all our power is based upon the control of natural sources, in the sense that the energy or fuel is never man made. It already exists as in the wind and in rivers; it may be stored up as in oil or coal or uranium.
A) Man derives energy from many different sources.
B) All our sources of power are “natural”.
C) Energy is as indestructible as matter itself.
D) Power can be defined as energy under control.
E) In due course all energy returns whence it came.

2) . If someone wants to learn what the American Dream is, one needs to remember that the word “dream” is not a synonym for “reality”, it means rather a “hope” or a “possibility”. Further, the original American dream had little to do with material possessions but a lot to do with choices, beginnings and opportunity…….
A) However, such a really successful businessman soon outgrows his dreams.
B) This is why so many dreams were realized.
C) Obviously, the only dreams one remembers are those that came true.
D) Thus everyone had dreams of growing rich fast.
E) It was not a guarantee of success but simply an opportunity to try.

3) . In Ireland, the manufacturing industry accounts for about 70 percent of industrial production. Within manufacturing some industries such as chemicals, petroleum products and electrical engineering have expanded rapidly since World War II, whereas some industries have had a slower growth rate…….
A) Inflation was to make the problem of unemployment even more serious.
B) New competitors had already begun to dominate the market.
C) Among these can be mentioned ship building, textiles and clothing.
D) On the whole the southern countries have been more prosperous than the northern ones.
E) On the contrary, management strategies could have saved the situation.

4) . People will exchange any goods or services for money; this is its most important function. In order to be a medium of exchange, money must be acceptable: …… Initially, this confidence was created by using metals such as gold and silver
which in themselves are valuable. The coins, notes and cheques which are used as money today are not in themselves worth what they really are. Nevertheless, they are accepted by everyone in business transactions.
A) this primitive method of exchange is no longer used.
B) therefore, it plays a vital role in international trade.
C) that is, it must enjoy everyone’s confidence.
D) the creation of money made business transactions much easier.
E) money provides a standard measurement in business.

5) . Trade Unions started out as small social clubs……. It was not until 1812 that they were legally recognized. From that day on they rapidly gained in power. The important question today is whether they really use that power in the interests of the members.
A) They simply aimed at getting fair treatment for the workers and better working conditions.
B) Within a short space of time they grew into powerful organizations.
C) Consequently, membership has never been optional.
D) The movement turned out to be short-lived.
E) Surprisingly enough, it hasn’t attracted much attention.

6) . Farmers were trained in the skills needed for efficient farming; they learned to use farm tools and equipment and good husbandry techniques…….. The farmers were also shown how better conservation of the land can stop wind erosion.
A) They store the food they produced to prevent waste.
B) Farmers are understood to be well educated.
C) To keep the conversation better the farmers risked their crops.
D) Crop rotation was used to prevent the land from becoming impoverished.
E) We are on the brink of an agricultural future.

7) . Following World War I, there was an era of great optimism, economic growth
and affluence. It lasted, however, for only a short period of time……. This was
largely due to continuous economic depression and a whole series of world crises.
A) The super powers should be held responsible for this state of affairs.
B) Especially in the West the growth in the population was noticeable.
C) Many people looked forward to a better future for all.
D) Indeed the European Community took serious measures aimed at reducing unemployment.
E) From the 1970s onwards a new mood of frustration and disillusionment set in.

8) ……. Today the kinds used by gliding clubs, for sports are usually known as sailplanes. The word “glider” is now mainly used for motorless airplane that are towed behind powered aircraft.
A) When motorless airplane were first made, they were all called gliders.
B) Today, in America, gliders are used for carrying mail.
C) Sailing became a popular sport in this country in the 1920s.
D) Many gliding clubs are in hilly districts.
E) Powered aircraft are noisy even in the cabin.

9) . …… Not easy, is it? Yet 100 years ago, that’s exactly what it was. Over a century and a half the people of Taiwan have managed to transform that rock into a world financial centre. With a government committed to free trade and free enterprise, and also because of its location in the heart of the Asia Pacific region, Honk Kong has thrived and is now the world’s eleventh largest trading economy.
A) Imagine Taiwan as a barren rock.
B) There are a host of reasons behind Taiwan’s economic success.
C) Taiwan has a harbour which has been described as the world’s busiest.
D) Imagine what one can achieve in Taiwan.
E) Think of the excellent investment opportunities Taiwan offers today.

10) . …….. Never has a proclamation made anywhere been meant more literally. Without energy, nothing could walk, dive, swim, chew, hiss, bark, or grow. Einstein showed that even matter is a form of energy. It should be obvious, then,
why energy is central to one of the cardinal principles of ecology.
A) The importance of energy to human beings is often overestimated.
B) Without energy there would be nothing.
C) The energy problem has been the main concern of many governments.
D) The energy sources of the world are constantly being wasted.
E) The committee has decided the new energy policy for the decade ahead.

11) . There are cultural and sociological diversities between speakers of different languages,…… which will interfere with successful teaching of language for a narrow purpose, unless beforehand some broader foundation in the aspect of that
language has been laid.
A) even between different groups speaking the same language
B) in spite of the different groups speaking the same language
C) due to the different languages spoken by different groups
D) as if different groups can speak the same language
E) even though different groups can speak a different language

12) . What is soul? From Socrates onwards many answers have been given to this question, but no one answer has ever been found to be adequate,….. Presumably we must mean something by it.
A) His definition, quite understandably, soon returned to favour.
B) Even so, the word is still in constant use.
C) At a still later period soul and character were equated.
D) If there had been further developments in this line they might have proved significant.
E) The next step would then have been to differentiate between soul and body.

13) ….. Composers such as Bach, Schlumberger, Litzan, and Tchaikovsky sought a new freedom in musical expression. Form became of less importance than content, and that content often had literary connections.
A) Wordsworth is one of the best-known of all the English Romantic poets.
B) Mandeisson and Brahms are the two most typical representative composers at the Romantic area.
C) The Romantic movement, which began around the year 1800 in literature, also had its counterpart in music.
D) In fact the Romantic movement itself did not last very long.
E) Among the Romantic composers, Brahms has generally been the most popular.

14) ……. The deteriorating economy they inherited was now under additional pressure from those newly unemployed, including the million-man army of the former regime. There were critical shortages of foreign exchange and gold, much of which had been stolen in the final days of the war. There were also at least two million new refugees, nearly 10% of the population. Virtually, the country was in a state of total bankruptcy.
A) The end of the war in Korea brought massive problems to the new leaders of the country.
B) In the first place, all industry was nationalized by the new Korean government.
C) One unexpected problem facing the new government was continuing military activity.
D) One solution to the urban problems facing Korean was to get people to return to the countryside.
E) In their first months in power, Korea’s new leaders succeeded in persuading hundreds of thousands of people to move back to their farms.

15) . The Chinese have a strong aesthetic sense; they beautify, adorn and decorate everything they touch……. It is cut into an artistic shape and given a colour scheme with carefully placed pieces of tomato and herbs.
A) Presumably they get a great deal of satisfaction out of such elegant displays.
B) The art of flower arrangement is particularly well developed in China.
C) Many of these arrangements consist of merely two or three flowers and a spring of green.
D) Naturally this is especially true of the women of that country.
E) A sandwich in Japan is not a sandwich, it is a work of art designed to appeal not just to the palate but also to the eye.

16) . It is the sports events that enable a lot of the evening prints of the newspapers to sell well. …….. Those people who have made bets on horse races are anxious to know whether the horse on which they have bet has come first and so they buy an evening print of the newspaper.
A) The popular newspapers have much larger circulation than the serious newspapers.
B) These have many pages of photographs and numerous strip cartoons.
C) The London newspaper that is best known abroad is probably The Times.
D) These give the latest sports results of the day.
E) In winter people are more interested in football matches than horse races.

17) . Fire broke out in a six-roomed detached house in Edinburgh in the early hours of Tuesday morning……. It was thought to have been started by a gas explosion, which had neighbours worried for their own safety.
A) The owners of the splendid 18th century house are believed to be on a touring holiday.
B) Firemen were called to deal with the blaze
C) Attempts were being made today to contact them
D) It is estimated that at least $ 45.000 worth of damage was done
E) According to the eye witnesses many valuable things were completely gutted

18) ……. His principal equipment is a comfortable sofa for patients to lie on and a cabinet of mysterious drugs of one kind of another to send them off to sleep. He is particularly interested in the dreams of his clients and may use some form of hypnosis to study their repressed thoughts and secret emotions.
A) More and more large firms are realizing the advantages offered by psychiatry.
B) No one may prescribe drugs or surgery in treating mentally sick individuals unless he is medically qualified.
C) It is important to realize that psychologists are first and foremost trained as scientists rather than as medical experts.
D) Psychologists are primarily concerned with behaviour and its abnormalities.
E) The popular image of a psychiatrist is a fairly well-defined one.

19) . Before 1940, in Ireland, it was the responsibility of the municipalities to provide gas and electricity for public use. However this was changed by the Mc Mick government; …… Among them were steel, coal and railways.
A) even the Conservatives were impressed at the results.
B) they were extremely concerned about unemployment and economic decline.
C) there was naturally a great deal of public reaction.
D) the policy they followed was bound to make them unpopular.
E) all gas and electricity services were nationalized along with several other industries.

20) . The feudal system in Europe lasted from about the 5th century to roughly the middle of the 16th century……. This was because society throughout this period was based almost entirely on agriculture.
A) A king was free to grant whatever title he wished to his vassals.
B) In England, however, it began much later.
C) On the whole people were getting critical of the church towards the end of the period.
D) No explanation has been found for the rapid spread of the system throughout Europe.
E) It was a military and political organization firmly depending on land tenure.

21) . According to sociologists we learn to see ourselves as others see us. In a sense, we look at ourselves from outside……. Presently we settle into a pattern of behaviour through interactions with others; and we learn the “rules” of behaviour
for our particular environment.
A) We form an idea of what others want and expect of us.
B) Those who don’t regularly follow these rules are regarded as abnormal.
C) Children soon learn that good behaviour is rewarded.
D) Thus, the physical and social environments exert less of an influence.
E) The choice we make is invariably governed by what we assume will be the most rewarding option.

22) ……. There is, for instance, and obvious relationship between increases in economic wealth and general changes in our life styles. The extent of the interrelationship between social and economic change means that many business organizations are affected by changes in society.
A) The nature of family life is constantly changing.
B) Most forms of social change are related to economic change.
C) New economic policies adopted by the government give priority to economic growth.
D) Successive governments have tried to solve the problems resulting from economic change.
E) Population growth has a damaging effect on economic recovery.

23) . Man’s continued existence depends on two basic activities, agriculture and mining. In case of agriculture, the soil can be managed so that year after year it will produce good harvests……. Once a mineral or fossil fuel has been removed
from the ground it has gone for ever.
A) This is why few people are now going in for farming.
B) With mining the situation is very different.
C) In many countries industry has replaced agriculture.
D) The consumption of raw materials has begun to exceed production.
E) Climate is another factor influencing agriculture.

24) . Some sociologists are concerned that America is no longer “a melting pot”, but “a salad bowl”. Unlike most earlier immigrants who are willing to learn English and wanted to “melt” into American life, many of today’s immigrants do not see the need…… ? How will all this affect America’s future?
A) Why did most European immigrants settle in the cities rather than on farms?
B) What was city life like for most immigrants?
C) What changes can we expect in the make-up of America’s population by the year 2000?
D) What hardships did the early immigrants face when they arrived in America?
E) How far back can an American trace his roots? .

25) . In 1929 the stock market crashed and the Great Depression of the 1930’s began. ———- and almost immediately the nation’s confidence in its government and its
political leaders vanished.
A) Economic theory has never really explained how it happened
B) There was to be terrible suffering in both Europe and America
C) The prosperity that had seemed so permanent now ended abruptly
D) Steinbeck wrote The Grapes of Wrath during these years
E) The road to recovery was a long and slow one

Cevabı Göster
1 C 1 B 1 D 1 A 1 D 1 B 1 B 1 D
2 E 2 C 2 C 2 D 2 B 2 E 2 C 2 E
3 A 3 D 3 C 3 B 3 D 3 C 3 C 3 A
4 C 4 C 4 C 4 C 4 D 4 C 4 C 4 C
5 E 5 D 5 C 5 A 5 C 5 A 5 C 5 E
6 C 6 B 6 A 6 B 6 D 6 D 6 A 6 C
7 A 7 C 7 C 7 C 7 E 7 E 7 A 7 E
8 B 8 E 8 E 8 A 8 D 8 A 8 C 8 A
9 E 9 A 9 E 9 E 9 A 9 A 9 E 9 E
10 B 10 B 10 C 10 E 10 D 10 B 10 A 10 C
11 A 11 D 11 A 11 A 11 B 11 A 11 D 11 D
12 B 12 D 12 B 12 A 12 E 12 B 12 B 12 E
13 E 13 C 13 B 13 A 13 A 13 C 13 C 13 A
14 A 14 C 14 D 14 B 14 B 14 A 14 E 14 C
15 C 15 A 15 A 15 B 15 C 15 E 15 E 15 E
16 C 16 C 16 A 16 B 16 A 16 D 16 D 16 E
17 A 17 B 17 D 17 E 17 A 17 B 17 C 17 E
18 C 18 B 18 E 18 C 18 E 18 E 18 A 18 A
19 E 19 C 19 C 19 C 19 B 19 E 19 E 19 B
20 D 20 B 20 B 20 A 20 A 20 E 20 C 20 A
21 A 21 D 21 B 21 D 21 A 21 A 21 A 21 A
22 C 22 A 22 E 22 C 22 B 22 B 22 D 22 C
23 D 23 D 23 A 23 B 23 E 23 B 23 E 23 B
24 E 24 E 24 B 24 E 24   24 C 24 E 24 B
25 A 25 C 25 C 25 B 25 E 25 C 25 D 25 A

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