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Paragraf Tamamlama Test 15


1) . Mankind’s continued existence depends on two fundamental activities, agriculture and mining. In case of agriculture, the soil can be managed so that year after year it
will produce good harvests……. Once a mineral or fossil fuel has been removed from the ground it has gone for ever.
A) This is why few people are now going in for farming.
B) With mining the situation is very different.
C) In many countries industry has replaced agriculture.
D) The consumption of raw materials has begun to exceed production.
E) Climate is another factor influencing agriculture.

2) . Some anthropologists are concerned that America is no longer “a melting pot”, but “a salad bowl”. Unlike most earlier immigrants who are willing to learn English and wanted to “melt” into American life, many of today’s immigrants do not see the need…… ? How will all this affect America’s future?
A) Why did most European immigrants settle in the cities rather than on farms?
B) What was city life like for most immigrants?
C) What changes can we expect in the make-up of America’s population by the year 2000?
D) What hardships did the early immigrants face when they arrived in America?
E) How far back can an American trace his roots? .

3) . With the Renaissance the arts ceased to be mainly religious. The heavens fell into background and the earth came to the fore. …… Power pictures were painted of the angels in heaven and more of the people in the world.
A) There was obviously a great deal of corruption in the church.
B) The Renaissance means the rebirth of classical learning.
C) Leonardo da Vinci, for instance, painted many pictures with religious themes.
D) Michael Angelo is a typical product of Renaissance times.
E) The trend was to build palaces rather than cathedrals.

4) . In 1924 the stock market crashed and the Great Depression of the 1920’s began….. and almost immediately the people’s confidence in its government and its political leaders vanished.
A) Economic theory has never really explained how it happened
B) There was to be terrible suffering in both Europe and America
C) The prosperity that had seemed so permanent now ended abruptly
D) Steinbeck wrote The Grapes of Wrath during these years
E) The road to recovery was a long and slow one

5) . In developed countries today, advances in economic conditions and in public health have almost eliminated the problem of infectious diseases as disasters. In developing countries, however, infectious diseases continue to cause primary disasters. This is frequently true of such diseases as measles, smallpox, malaria, cholera, yellow fever, and typhoid fever…..
A) The United Nations has already set up various control centres in South America for the improvement of public health
B) Natural disasters, particularly droughts and floods, frequently produce ecological changes in the environment
C) These are practically unknown now in the industrialized world
D) Every government regards public health as one of its primary responsibilities
E) Therefore, Turkey has never experienced an epidemic which has turned into a disaster.

6) . Culture never advances. It loses on one side as much as it gains on the other….; but this change is not one of improvement. For everything that is given, something is taken. Society acquires new arts and loses old instincts.
A) It undergoes continual change
B) The world is faced with a population problem
C) Recent discoveries have brought few changes in social institutions
D) Every society has its own moral code
E) It is now much easier for man to adapt himself to social changes

7) ….. For instance, earthquakes cause many injuries and deaths; floods leave most of the survivors uninjured. A volcanic eruption may take some time to turn into a major natural disaster. Therefore, medical care and supplies are especially important after earthquakes.
A) There is often a direct relationship between the type of disaster and its effects on health
B) Flood waters can contaminate medical supplies
C) After disasters, effective relief efforts are organized by various international and national bodies
D) Every disaster puts an economic burden on the national budget
E) The government has sent medical teams to the disaster area

8) . One of the most distinctive English contributions in the field of economic thought is the idea of scientific management. The concept appeared as early as 1873, although it has since acquired new meanings. Today the manager must not only be familiar with the goods produced and the process used;…. Indeed, management has become a science.
A) but he likes to travel around the world to market his good, enjoy himself, and not to be concerned about economic problems
B) certainly he must keep a record of his employees, bargain for higher wages, and design new factories
C) but he must also have a practical knowledge of how to analyze essential facts in relation to everything else that affects the economy of production
D) and it is very useful for him to attend business conferences, meet different people, read as much as possible, and invest in hard currency
E) however, he is not expected to understand and follow new developments in his field

9) . We must enjoy before we can criticize; but we must, by the time we begin to grow up, develop our critical sense along with our sense of enjoyment…. Thus, criticism can help us understand why we like something, and this increases our
A) However, a critic is the one who decides what constitutes greatness in art and literature
B) We are often warned that criticism destroys enjoyment
C) In fact, one poet differs from another not in the subject of his poetry but in his treatment
D) Indeed, critics are the men who have failed in literature and art
E) The two should develop together

10) . In China , Japan and other oriental countries, where tea is the national drink, people almost never use sugar in their tea……………………… . Many people everywhere want their tea and coffee very hot, but most Americans drink iced tea and sometimes iced coffee, especially in the summer.
A) But in England, where tea is also a national drink, many people use sugar.
B) Coffee is a favourite drink of people in all parts of the world.
C) Some people put cream and sugar in their coffee.
D) Nomads, who use a lot of tea, like to boil it and cool it.
E) Nomads prepare it in a special way.

11) . ……………………. . They ate anything they could find. Some lived mostly on plants. They ate the fruit, stems, and leaves of some plants and the roots of others. When food was inadequate, they ate the bark of tree.
A) Some people ate insects and small animals like lizards that were easy to kill.
B) Men learned to make weapons with which they could kill animals for meat.
C) People who lived near the water ate fish.
D) Long ago men spent most of their time looking for food.
E) A few people in the world still eat same foods their ancestors ate hundreds of years ago.

12) . This was a significant day for George, and he had eaten his breakfast quickly. …………………… First he put on his fur-lined jacket. Then he put on mittens and boots to project his hands and feet from cold. Finally he picked up the gun he had cleaned care fully the day before.
A) As soon as he finished, he could no longer wait and he went out.
B) For the first time he was going to hunt seals alone.
C) When George stepped out of the house, the dogs barked.
D) His family was proud of him.
E) In a minute he was down on his hands and knees.

13) . Most people in England find the prices of good restaurants too expensive. Many people are so busy that they don’t have time to cook for themselves. Others live alone, and feel it is not worth cooking just for one person, ……………………. . The latest statistics show that Britons spend 2.2 billion pounds each year on fast food.
A) Chinese restaurants, Indian restaurants and Hamburger bars are becoming more and more popular.
B) Ordinary people can’t afford to pay 30, 40, or 50 pounds for a meal for two.
C) This has led to massive increase in the fast food business.
D) Britons spent over 619 million pounds on fish and chips last year.
E) Many people prefer to eat in the comfort of their homes.

14) . My most embarrassing experience happened when I had just finished university. I had just started teaching in a secondary school. One morning my alarm clock didn’t ring. I had forgotten to wind it up………………………
A) I had put on one black shoe and one brown shoe.
B) When I arrived , the students had already gone into class.
C) After two or three minutes, the students began laughing.
D) When I jumped into my car, I noticed that I had a flat tyre.
E) I woke up at half past eight and school began at nine.

15) . ………………….. . For one thing, more than ten percent of all old citizens are rather poor. As a matter of fact, recent statistics suggest that approximately one-seventh of all people over the age of sixty-five live below the poverty level. Aged people also have more health problems than younger people.
A) We are all scared of being old.
B) Old people should be sent to old age homes.
C) Many old people prefer to live by themselves.
D) Old people if they have something to do not feel lonely.
E) Some of the older people in the United States face a number of serious problems.

16) . In Bangladesh the last smallpox patient was found in October 1975. Since that time no more smallpox patients have been found anywhere in Asia. The recent smallpox patient in the world was reported in Somalia in Africa in 1977. ……..
A) Smallpox is one of the most dangerous diseases.
B) The smallpox virus is transmitted from one person to another.
C) The smallpox virus cannot live in water, animals or food; it can only live in a human being.
D) There is no longer any smallpox in the world today.
E) Each smallpox patient can infect many other people.
17) . ………….. A number of different forms of transportation are used to get across. These contain ferry boats, hydrofoil boats, hovercraft, and airplanes. Possibilities for the future include a channel tunnel and airships.
A) The English Channel has always been an object of interest.
B) There are many swimmers who have attempted to swim across the English Channel.
C) Over 15 million people cross the English Channel every year.
D) The English Channel may be at times quite dangerous to cross.
E) The easiest way to cross the English Channel is by plane.

18) . ………………………………. Overcoming early morning drowsiness is a problem faced by most people that begin work early. For many, the solution is very straightforward: they drink two cups of coffee and the feelings of fatigue disappear. This is the effect of caffeine.
A) Most people find starting work early in the morning difficult.
B) One should go to bed early if he has a job requiring early hours.
C) Some people drink coffee all day long.
D) According to doctors, drinking too much tea is dangerous.
E) Life has always been difficult for workers.

19) . ……………………… . Infants usually please this very basic need in the course of an ordinary day with their parents through feeding, kissing, bathing, etc. However, if a baby is neglected or even mistreated by being deprived of touch, his development will suffer on all levels -physical, intellectual, and emotional. Some of the children have even been known to
die from this lack of tactile stimulation.
A) Most families work hard to provide a good life for their children.
B) Infants usually need to play with their toys,
C) Children, if healthy, will develop a rapid growth of intellectual capacity.
D) Infants die at an early age if proper health care is not provided.
E) Physical contact is an important factor in an infant’s overall development.

20) . Taken in modest amounts, caffeine found in coffee can help some people to work more professionally. …………………………. More than two cups of coffee a day can cause unpleasant symptoms such as nervousness, irritability, stomach pain, and insomnia.
A) That is why some people drink coffee all day long.
B) However, some people prefer tea.
C) However, excessive indigestion of caffeine can cause several irritating, unhealthy side effects.
D) It is better to drink coffee in the morning than in the evening.
E) Children should not be allowed to drink coffee.

21) . ……………………………………………………. The problem is enormous and complex. Many people in undeveloped countries do not wish to have fewer children. Effective birth control
precautions are largely unknown in these countries. The programs concerning birth control are often inefficiently operated.
A) Governments of some undeveloped countries are desperately attempting to curb population growth, with little success.
B) Developed countries usually have zero population growth.
C) At the present time the world population continues to grow at a speedy pace.
D) Death rate always exceeds birth rate in undeveloped countries.
E) Unemployment and the fast population growth in undeveloped countries are two major problems.

22) . Platinum, which is both rare and beautiful, is proving to be one of the strongest air-cleaners. Silver, which was once considered too valuable and too soft for anything except for
jewellery, now has applications in the field of medicine as antiseptic. Gold, the most precious metal of all, has been found to give relief to some arthritis sufferers………………..
A) Most precious metals are rare.
B) Many people are fond of precious metals.
C) States with rich metal deposits are growing exceedingly powerful.
D) Science is finding new uses for precious metals.
E) These valuable metals have always been treasured by women.

23) . Snack foods are usually worthless. Actually, they contain too much sugar and too much artificial ingredients. For instance, the flour of most snack crackers has been so refined
that it has been left with no nutritional value. Potato chips are another example of poor-quality food. Too much salt and too much fat rob the potato of its value for nourishment………………….
A) Children like snack foods very much.
B) Most people like eating snack foods watching television.
C) Snack foods are becoming more and more popular.
D) Most snack foods on market today have good taste.
E) It is no wonder people call them junk food.

24) . …………………………………The one most people are familiar with is the desk dictionary. Another kind is the pronouncing dictionary, which is related to a word’s pronunciation more than with its meaning. A third type is the bilingual dictionary, that lists the words in one language and attempts to give equivalent meanings in another language.
A) A serious language learner always works with a dictionary.
B) Dictionaries have always been popular with language learners.
C) The prices of dictionaries change according to their sizes.
D) Despite the popularity of dictionaries, it is really difficult to find a good dictionary.
E) There are several kinds of dictionaries.

25) . Pearls are gathered in Japan by men known as pearl divers. In fact, pearl divers do no really dive but are lowered by a rope to the bottom of the sea. They work in pairs, with one remaining at the surface to help the other return from
his dive………………….

A) Many tourists to Japan buy pearls.
B) Pearl divers are generally very strong men.
C) Some pearl divers may become very rich.
D) An experienced diver can stay down about a minute and a half and can often make as many as thirty dives in one day.
E) Pearls are expensive all over the world.

Cevabı Göster
1 C 1 B 1 D 1 A 1 D 1 B 1 B 1 D
2 E 2 C 2 C 2 D 2 B 2 E 2 C 2 E
3 A 3 D 3 C 3 B 3 D 3 C 3 C 3 A
4 C 4 C 4 C 4 C 4 D 4 C 4 C 4 C
5 E 5 D 5 C 5 A 5 C 5 A 5 C 5 E
6 C 6 B 6 A 6 B 6 D 6 D 6 A 6 C
7 A 7 C 7 C 7 C 7 E 7 E 7 A 7 E
8 B 8 E 8 E 8 A 8 D 8 A 8 C 8 A
9 E 9 A 9 E 9 E 9 A 9 A 9 E 9 E
10 B 10 B 10 C 10 E 10 D 10 B 10 A 10 C
11 A 11 D 11 A 11 A 11 B 11 A 11 D 11 D
12 B 12 D 12 B 12 A 12 E 12 B 12 B 12 E
13 E 13 C 13 B 13 A 13 A 13 C 13 C 13 A
14 A 14 C 14 D 14 B 14 B 14 A 14 E 14 C
15 C 15 A 15 A 15 B 15 C 15 E 15 E 15 E
16 C 16 C 16 A 16 B 16 A 16 D 16 D 16 E
17 A 17 B 17 D 17 E 17 A 17 B 17 C 17 E
18 C 18 B 18 E 18 C 18 E 18 E 18 A 18 A
19 E 19 C 19 C 19 C 19 B 19 E 19 E 19 B
20 D 20 B 20 B 20 A 20 A 20 E 20 C 20 A
21 A 21 D 21 B 21 D 21 A 21 A 21 A 21 A
22 C 22 A 22 E 22 C 22 B 22 B 22 D 22 C
23 D 23 D 23 A 23 B 23 E 23 B 23 E 23 B
24 E 24 E 24 B 24 E 24   24 C 24 E 24 B
25 A 25 C 25 C 25 B 25 E 25 C 25 D 25 A

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