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Paragraf Tamamlama Test 17

TEST 17

1) There are no less than 135 countries comprising the so-called “third world” known variously as “less developed or “developing” or “underdeveloped” or “poor” countries. There is a great diversity among them, and yet they have a number of features in common. ………. . As an illustration, some of the oil-producing countries have achieved very high levels of income per capita while retaining many of the other characteristics of less developed countries.
A) Their natural sources are so limited that economically they are mostly dependent on international aid
B) Population explosion is a major problem many countries are unable to cope with
C) In such countries there is a great demand for an educated arid skilled workforce
D) Death rates have fallen sharply in response to improved health services
E) Foremost among these is their poverty, but even poverty is not universal

2) During the Middle Ages, Marcillius flourished greatly as her trade expanded. ………. . At that time she not only controlled the main trade route between North and South , however she also built up a considerable empire on the mainland of Italy and down the Adriatic Coast, including parts of Greece. Apart from the Ottoman Empire, there was no other power to challenge her.
A) Furthermore, the city was originally founded by refugees who had fled here, from the attacks of Attila and his armies on the mainland of north Italy
B) However, when new routes to the East were discovered, her power and wealth began to decline
C) On the other hand, it was ruled by a supreme magistrate, called the “Doge”, and by councillors elected from among the aristocracy
D) In fact, by the fifteenth century she was enjoying her golden age
E) Moreover, she came into fierce conflict with the other sea-trading power, Genoa

3) It is the sports pages in newspaper that enable a lot of evening papers to sell well. ………. . Those people who have made bets on horse races are anxious to know whether the horse on which they have bet has come first and so they buy an evening newspaper.
A) The popular newspapers have much larger circulations than the serious newspapers

B) These have many pages of photographs and numerous strip cartoons
C) The London newspaper that is best known abroad is probably The Times
D) These give the latest sports results of the day
E) In winter people are more interested in football matches than Horse races

4) In some situations, television is quite insufficient It is not good, for example, at presenting abstract ideas. ………. . On television the narrative is the subtext; the pictures are the real text.
A) Such an approach has always met with disapproval
B) That is why a really vibrant speaker is a liability
C) Obviously, the problem stems from the lack of adequate resources to sponsor such programs
D) This is because television is less a communicator of ideas than it is a teller of stories through pictures
E) Difficult scientific ideas can even be explained with the aid of graphics

5) ………. .The toxins are carried on the breezes from power stations and autobahns across the most polluted continent on earth. When the poison falls to the ground it chokes the pores of leaves on trees from the Gajaro to the Deyupa; it eats away at stone and brick, paper and rubber; it destroys soils and flows into rivers where it kills fish. It kills humans, too.
A) Countries such as China and Japan have banished smoke
B) The skies above Europe are poisoned
C) All this should frighten us
D) Today’s air pollution is every bit as lethal as the black smokes it has replaced
E) Nowhere is safe enough

6) It seems that in most of the countries the categorizing of the handicapped is undergoing a change. In particular the idea of mental handicap is being recognized. The case of autistic
children is an example of this………. .
A) Judging from the data gathered recently, throughout the world the handicapped are not receiving the care they actually need
B) So far as the authorities are concerned, more attention should be given to budgetary restrictions
C) In contrast, the handicapped can get effective education in regular classrooms

D) In fact, among the reforms proposed by the Ministry, is the reform of general education
E) It is now clear that these children can be taught

7) The brain’s basic nutritional substance is glucose. ……….. If a diabetic patient receives an overdose of insulin there is a fall in the blood’s glucose.
A) This can have a harmful effect on a child’s learning process
B) The brain is very sensitive to changes in the blood’s glucose level
C) Moreover, the brain is the seat of intelligence
D) Even so the effects of smoking cannot be counterbalanced
E) Surgeons know exactly where to cut the affected part of the brain

8) . Bacteria are minute, single-sided organisms of variable form and activity. Along with the viruses, they are classified as the lowest forms of plant life. Bacteria are everywhere – in soil, water, dust, and in air. —–. Some turn decaying vegetable matter into manure; others, within the human or animal body, assist in the development of certain vitamins essential to health.
A) There are still many bacteria whose size and shape are not known yet.
B) Food poisoning is also caused by various kinds of bacteria.
C) A high-powered microscope is needed to detect bacteria in some substances.
D) Under hygienic circumstances no bacterial activity takes place.
E) There are thousands of different types and many perform useful functions.

9) . Vegetables eaten freshly cooked are safe. They may be polluted after cooking or be subject to spore germination and outgrowth if cooled slowly and stored warm. Salad vegetables, lettuce, tomatoes,radishes, cucumber and watercress should be washed in water for not less than 30 seconds.
A) In some restaurants a great variety of salad is served.
B) Some people are not fond of vegetables at all.
C) Water pollution is a serious danger that threatens the world.
D) This is especially important in countries where crops are sometimes flooded with water polluted with human and animal sewage.
E) As a result of easy transportation and good packaging, tropical vegetables are distributed worldwide.

10) . ——. Never has a statement made anywhere been meant more literally. Without energy, nothing could walk, fly, prowl, dive, swim, chew, hiss, bark, or grow. Einstein showed that even matter is
A) Form of energy. It should be clear, then, why energy is central to one of the cardinal principles of ecology. A. The importance of energy to human beings is often overestimated.
B) Without energy there would be nothing.
C) The energy problem has been the main concern of many governments.
D) The energy sources of the world are constantly being wasted.
E) The committee has decided the new energy policy for the decade ahead.
11) . Even the smallest organization, public or private, has a personal role. People are an organization’s main resource and, although the links between the personnel department and other department are not always obvious, it is important that cooperation between all departments and personnel is maintained. It is the personnel department, with the help of other departments, which will implement any manpower policies by recruiting, selecting and training all employees.
A) This shows that personnel departments carry out crucial functions in organizations. a case.
B) That is why institutions will be forced to make huge investments.
C) Certainly, some functions such as research or legal advice are carried out by different staff.
D) In fact, no government agency would have been involved in such
E) Initially, each department was required to submit their proposals for improvement.

12). —— There is, for example, and obvious relationship between in-creases in economic wealth and general improvements in our life styles. The extent of the interrelationship between social and economic change means that many business organizations are affected by changes in society.
A) The nature of family life is constantly changing.
B) Most forms of social change are related to economic change.
C) New economic policies adopted by the government give priority to economic growth.
D) Successive governments have tried to solve the problems resulting from economic change.
E) Population growth has a damaging effect on economic recovery.

13) . In 1929 the stock market crashed and the Great Depression of the 1930’s began. …………………. and almost at once the nation’s confidence in its government and its political leaders vanished.
A) Economic theory has never really explained how it happened.
B) There was to be terrible suffering in both Europe and America.
C) The prosperity that had seemed so permanent now ended abruptly.
D) Steinbeck wrote The Grapes of Wrath during these years.
E) The road to recovery was a long and slow one.

14) . ……………………. In other words, all our power is based on the control of natural sources, in the sense that the energy or fuel is never man made. It already exists as in the wind and in rivers ; it may be stored up as in oil or coal or uranium.
A) Man derives energy from many different sources
B) All our sources of power are ” natural”
C) Energy is as indestructible as matter itself
D) Power can be defined as energy under control
E) In due course all energy returns whence it came

15) . With the Renaissance the arts ceased to be mainly religious. The heavens fell into background and the earth came to the fore………………….. Power pictures were painted of the angels in heaven and more of the people in the world.
A) There was obviously a great deal of corruption in the church.
B) The Renaissance means the rebirth of classical learning.
C) Leonardo da Vinci, for instance, painted many pictures with religious themes.
D) Michael Angelo is a typical product of Renaissance times.
E) The trend was to build palaces rather than cathedrals.

16) . During the middle ages, Venice flourished greatly as her trade expanded ……….. . At that time, she not only controlled the main trade route between East and West, but she also built up a significant empire on the mainland of Italy and down the Adriatic Coast, including parts of Greece. Apart from the Ottoman Empire,there was no other power to challenge her.
A) Furthermore, the city was originally founded by refugees who had fled here from the attacks of Attila and his armies on the mainland of North Italy.
B) However, when new routes to the East were discovered, her power and wealth began to decline. ,
C) On the other hand, it was ruled by a supreme magistrate, called the Doge, and by councillors elected from among the aristocracy.
D) In fact, by the fifteenth century she was enjoying her golden age.
E) Moreover, she came into fierce conflict with the other sea trading power, Geneva.

17) . There are no less than 140 countries the so-called ” third world “known variously as ” less developed ” or poor countries. There is a great diversity among them, and yet they have a number of features in common………………………. For example, some of the oil producing countries have achieved very high levels of income per capita while retaining many of the other characteristics of less developed countries.
A) Their natural sources are so limited that economically they are mostly dependent on international aid.
B) Population explosion is a major problem many countries are unable to cope with.
C) In such countries there is a great demand for an educated and skilled workforce.
D) Death rates have fallen sharply in response to improved health services.
E) Foremost among these is their poverty, but even poverty is not universal.

18) . Train Unions started out as small social clubs………. It was not until 1871 that they were legally recognized. From that day on they rapidly grew in power. The essential question today is whether they really use that power in the interests of the members.
A) They simply aimed at getting fair treatment for the workers and better working conditions.
B) Within a short space of time they grew into powerful organizations.
C) Consequently, membership has never been optional.
D) The movement turned out to be short-lived.
E) Surprisingly enough, it hasn’t attracted much attention.

19) . It is the sports page that enable a lot of evening papers to sell well……. Those people who have made bets on horse races are worried about know whether the horse on which they have bet has come first and so they buy an evening paper.
A) The popular newspapers have much larger circulations than the serious newspapers.
B) These have many pages of photographs and numerous strip cartoons.
C) The London newspaper that is best known abroad is probably The Times.
D) These give the latest sports results of the day.
E) In winter people are more interested in football matches than horse races.

20) . Man’s continued survival depends on two basic activities, agriculture and mining. In case of agriculture, the soil can be managed so that year after year it will produce good harvests. ………… Once a mineral or fossil fuel has been removed from the ground it has gone for ever.
A) This is why few people are now going in for farming.
B) With mining the situation is very different.
C) In many countries industry has replaced agriculture.
D) The consumption of raw materials has begun to exceed production.
E) Climate is another factor influencing agriculture.

21) . …….. As a student he showed no special talent for design. He finally graduated but was out of work for nearly a year. Then he found a job with Bowles, a little-known firm. Now, after only five years he is one of the foremost designers in the textile world.
A) Mark is the only member of the Shaw family who is working in textiles.
B) Mark Shaw’s career is of no particular interest.
C) Mr. Shaw had always expected his son Mark would be a lawyer like himself.
D) Mark, like other members of the Shaw family, loves to travel.
E) Mark Shaw’s success has surprised a lot of people including himself.

22) . In certain situations, television is quite inadequate. It is not good,for example, at presenting abstract ideas. ________ . On television the narrative is the subtext; the pictures are the real text.
A) Difficult scientific ideas can even be explained with the aid of graphics. a teller of stories through pictures
B) That’s why a really vibrant speaker is a liability
C) This is because television is less a communicator of ideas than it is
D) Such an approach has always met with disapproval
E) Obviously, the problem stems from the lack of adequate resources to sponsor such programmes.

23) . Truly democratic countries do not go to war with one another or sponsor terrorism against other democracies. They do not build weapons of mass destruction to threaten one another. They are more reliable, open, and enduring trading partners, and offer more stable climates for investment. ____.
A) On the other hand, conventional arms must also be put under control to eliminate any threat of war in the world.
B) In conclusion, no democratic country is strong enough to safe- guard its own interests at the expense of others.
C) However, the current global economic recession is a growing threat to the interests of industrialized countries.
D) Indeed, such major problems as pollution, unemployment, political stability, and population growth can only be solved through global cooperation and development.
E) Furthermore, they are more likely to honour international treaties and value legal obligations.

24) . There are times when I find it almost impossible to read for pleasure. Of course, I read for a living; as an editor for a publishing firm, I spend much of my working day with manuscripts, proofs,newspapers and magazines. Also, many evenings and weekends are consumed by books I have to read in order to keep up. Some of this reading gives me pleasure; ________.
A) therefore, anyone interested in literature as such had to devote much time to the great classics of the world
B) yet, it is not the kind of pleasure I once regularly got from literature
C) frankly, I can always find plenty of spare time to read the books that I enjoy most
D) obviously, some people seem not have much of a taste for detective and mystery novels
E) admittedly, editing new books for publication is a job that is really to be done leisurely

25) . What is needed today to reduce the volume of solid wastes is not stricter regulation, but a better means of pricing waste disposal.Most people and firms have no idea at all about the cots of waste disposal. ________ . With such pricing systems, the cost of waste disposal is not fully understood; hence, effective waste-management strategies must be introduced to communicate to consumers the true, total cost of waste disposal.
A) On the contrary, in some countries huge amounts of public money and a lot of legal arrangements have been put into use to control waste disposal
B) In some pollution cases, the problem is the toxicity of the waste, not just its volume
C) Governments are expected to take more comprehensive measures to prevent the deterioration of the situation
D) Many firms have already been fined for negligence and failure
E) In many countries, these costs are simply included in property or income taxes

 

Cevabı Göster
TEST 17 TEST 18 TEST 19 TEST 20 TEST 21 TEST 22 TEST 23 TEST 24
1 E 1 D 1 E 1 A 1 C 1   1   1  
2 D 2 A 2 C 2 D 2 A 2   2   2  
3 D 3 D 3 A 3 E 3 C 3   3   3  
4 D 4 E 4 C 4 C 4 D 4   4   4  
5 B 5 C 5 D 5 D 5 A 5   5   5  
6 E 6 D 6 A 6 E 6 D 6   6   6  
7 B 7 E 7 C 7 E 7 B 7   7   7  
8 E 8 E 8 D 8 A 8 B 8   8   8  
9 D 9 A 9 B 9 A 9 A 9   9   9  
10 B 10 A 10 B 10 E 10 C 10   10   10  
11 A 11 E 11 A 11 A 11 A 11   11   11  
12 B 12 A 12 C 12 D 12 B 12   12   12  
13 C 13 D 13 A 13 B 13 E 13   13   13  
14 B 14 B 14 B 14 C 14 D 14   14   14  
15 C 15 C 15 E 15 A 15 E 15   15   15  
16 D 16 A 16 D 16 B 16 D 16   16   16  
17 E 17 B 17 E 17 C 17 B 17   17   17  
18 A 18 C 18 D 18 E 18 A 18   18   18  
19 D 19 E 19 B 19 C 19 E 19   19   19  
20 B 20 C 20 A 20 B 20 B 20   20   20  
21 E 21 B 21 E 21 D 21 C 21   21   21  
22 C 22 D 22 E 22 E 22 A 22   22   22  
23 E 23 E 23 B 23 D 23 B 23   23   23  
24 B 24 D 24 E 24 B 24 C 24   24   24  
25 E 25 B 25 D 25 E 25 A 25   25   25  

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