Paragraf Tamamlama Test 18
| 1) . Deterrence was a security system that characterized the period of bipolarity from 1945 to 1989. ________ . With forces stationed in other countries the great powers largely solved the chronic of credibility of engagement. But deterrence was an expensive and tension-building system, and in this system the world from time to time veered uncomfortably close to the edge of nuclear war.
A) Today, it is generally suggested that no great power can return to a policy of isolation
B) However, such staggering sums prevented the superpowers from dealing effectively with domestic social problems
C) In other words, deterrence was relatively effective , but also risky and costly endeavour
D) Through the threat of nuclear retaliation the system constrained the behaviour of the two superpowers
E) Especially, it would be ideal if all major powers were in favour of the progress of democracy and liberalism
2) . It seems that in most countries, the categorizing of the handicapped is undergoing a change, in particular the idea of mental handicap is being recognized. The case of autistic children is an example of this.
3) . In this age crime has become an everyday event, and this has had an effect on our reading. Readers no longer look for escape when they when they pick up a crime novel. ______. That is, they want to learn something about the real world, and about those, good and bad, who inhabit it.
4) . Psychology refers to the human “psyche”. ______. But how does one go about studying the mind scientifically? Science implies measurement. How does one measure something which can neither be seen or heard nor touched?
5) . ______. Size alone has clearly nothing to do with the distinction,there are some huge colleges and some small universities. Is the dif-ference to be found in breadth or scope of instructional offerings?Not according to the late Hastings Rashdall, whose three-volume University of Europe in the Middle Ages is a classic in the field.
6) . For centuries, scientist and philosophers speculated on the structure of the universe and the existence of galaxies outside our own. But until the twentieth century, they where able to do no more than speculate. __________. Using giant telescopes, ultraviolet and infrared interments and high-speed computers, they are studying the formation of galaxies for further insights into the nature of the cosmos.
D) Now, however scientists have determined that the universe is made up of millions of galaxies.
7) . Probably no artist of the Renaissance and succeeding ages has drawn as much attention as Michelangelo. He became a myth even in his lifetime. Now a vast amount of source materials about him has been collected, including letters, poems, and contracts. _______ .
8) . Tourism has grown so quickly during the previous “quarter of a century that ___. And it is only during the 1980’s that the problems of poor or nonexistent planning have been seen and tackled.
9) . There are 5 oceans in the world. The Arctic Ocean is the
10) . All parents have to solve the problems of freedom and discipline.The younger the child, the more readily the mother gives in to his demands to prevent disappointing him. ___. An example of this is the young child’s need to play with mud, sand and water. A child must be allowed to enjoy this “mossy” but tactile stage of discovery before he is ready to go on to the less physical pleasures of toys and books.
11) . There is no such thing as a memory in the sense of some thing that can be seen, touched or weighed. Memory is an abstraction referring to a set of skills rather than to an object. ___. There are a number of different ways in which a person can have a “good” memory.
12) . _____. They have a preference to nest in a large hollow in a tree or even to occupy the deserted nest of a hawk or crow. These structures are large and rough, built of sticks and bark and lined with leaves and feathers. Sometimes owls nest on a rocky ledge, or even on bare ground.
13) . We all know that learning is significant. ___? A dictionary might tell you that learning is acquiring knowledge through experience and study. A teacher might tell you that it is memorizing what he wants you to know for an examination. Your boss might tell you that it is mastery of the task you are hired to do. A psychologist might tell you that it is a relatively permanent change in behaviour due to past experience. Obviously, learning takes place in many ways and forms.
14) . Someone once said that there are three sides to every questionable issue: your side, my side, and the right side. ___. For instance,the reactions to the issue of abortion are usually divided into two basic viewpoints: for or against. But the matter is not that simple.Other questions begin to surface, which turn the issue into a complex one and make it necessary for us to look at it from manysides.
D) Consequently our thinking process becomes evaluated by other’s opinions.
15) . Some sociologists are concerned that America is no longer “a melting pot,” but “a salad bowl.” Different from the most earlier immigrants who were willing to learn English and wanted to “melt” –into American life, many of today’s immigrants do not see the need._____? How will all this affect American’s future?
16) . ___. The faltering economy they inherited was now under
17) . Getting information on a possible adversary or adversaries is only the start of intelligence process. The raw material, once in hand,must be drawn together, analyzed, correlated, and evaluated before it becomes useful knowledge. ___. From this appraisal,which points to his most probable course of action, the target state can chart a course of action best designed to meet the developing situation.
18) . In the 1900s cancer was almost always fatal; by the 1930s one out of five cancer patients was saved; by 1975 treatment was successful in one out of every three cancer patients . ___.
19) . The science of computers and the technology of their use are broad and complex subjects. ……… . As a result, as in other similar fields so in computer sciences, there is a great variety of terminology and jargon.
20) . ………. The feudal lords in England had always run their own law courts and profited by the fines paid by those brought to court. But King John took many cases out of their courts and tried them in his own, taking the money for himself.
21) . The main power of the media lies in the fact that it can shape what we know about the world and can be a main source of ideas and opinions. ……… . This power is greater if we consider all the various media together, not just one, such as the Press.
22) . All considered, the United States has the world’s most effective overall economy. ……… . This increase in efficiency has in part been made possible by the fact that this sector is less heavily unionized than the manufacturing sector.
23) . When Mikhail Gorbachew came to power in 1985, the Soviet Union had the only advanced economy that had not joined the computer age. As a result of this Soviet-manufactured products found no customers in world markets. He realized that, to modernize the country, it was essential to permit the free exchange of scientific and technological ideas ……….
24) . The most important idea of the 19th century was that everyone had the right to personal freedom, which was the basis of capitalism. This idea had spread widely through Adam Smith’s book Wealth of Nations written in the 18th century. ……… . Fewer laws, they claimed, meant more freedom, and freedom for individuals would lead to happiness for the greatest number of people.
25) . What is soul? From Plato onwards, many answers have been given to this question, but no one answer has ever been found to be sufficient. ……… Presumably we must mean something by it.
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