Paragraf Tamamlama Test 19
1) . The Japanese have a pure aesthetic sense; they beautify, adorn and decorate everything they touch. …… It is cut into an artistic shape and given a colour scheme with carefully placed pieces of tomato and herbs.
A) Presumably they get a great deal of satisfaction out of such elegant displays.
B) The art of flower arrangement is particularly well developed in Japan.
C) Many of these arrangement consist of merely two or three flowers and a spring of green.
D) Naturally this is especially true of the women of that country.
E) A sandwich in Japan is not a sandwich. It is a work of art, designed to appeal not just to the appetite but also to the eye.
2) . …….. Composers such as Schubert, Schumann Listz, and Belioz sought a new freedom in musical expression. Form became less important than content; and that content often had literary connections.
3) . Just how the Alzheimer disease ravages the brain isn’t found out, but a protein molecule is thought to be involved ……. On the theory that the protein causes the disorder by travelling from other tissues to the brain, researchers may now seek to devise drugs that would block the protein and stop it getting there.
4) . Underdeveloped countries are those in which economic structure and development are held back. The causes of the condition of underdevelopment are complicated, but two opposing sets of theories dominates discussion. ….. On the other hand there are the theories that ascribe underdevelopment directly to the distortions of economic structure and the exploitation involved in the relations between the developed and the underdeveloped countries.
5) . The aim of a novel varies with its type. Anthony Trollope’s statement has a fundamental validity: “The object of a novel should be to instruct in morals while it amuses.” At one extreme, some novels are expressly meant to teach, such as some children’s novels and social novels. …… However, one can say that the goal of most novels is to reveal and stimulate thought about aspects of human behaviour both individually and in personal and social relationships.
6) . Since universities have existed there have been arguments about what books should be taught to students. …… Others have maintained that such a practice does not help students to distinguish between the good and the bad. Instead, they have suggested that students should be exposed to a wider range of writing.
A) Some have claimed that students should be introduced to the ‘great’ books of he world.
7) . In Britain today every household with a TV set must, by law, pay for a license, which costs about the same for a year as a trendy newspaper every day. A few people, including those with non-colour TV pay less. ………. Another important source is the selling of its productions to other broadcasting stations.
8) . The Times newspaper has three weekly supplements all published and sold separately. These are The Time Literary Supplement, The Times Education Supplement, and The Times Higher Education Supplement. ………. It is devoted almost completely to book reviews and covers all kinds of new literature.
9) . Generally, the farther north one goes in England, the more adequate are the roads for the traffic they have to carry. …… But the roads in the south of England, apart from the motorways which radiate from London, must be among the most inadequate in Europe. Traffic there frequently moves at walking pace.
10) . The habit of thinking about the past as divided into water-tight periods is particularly dangerous when it comes to economic and social history. Actually ‘periods’ usually have, as their names imply, a purely political connotation _ ‘the Tudor age’ or “the age of Louis XIV. ………. Rather absorbed in its own daily task, it flows on like an underground river, Only occasionally making eruption into the upper daylight of politics.
11) . A teacher’s expectation of a child’s ability can often determine the child’s actual performance at school. If a group of children is divided into two groups of equal aptitude but their teachers are told that the children in group 1 have high IQs and” are expected to do well, whereas in group 2 the children are academically poor, ……… . This has been born out by numerous studies in many fields, not only in education.
12) . The brain’s main nutritional substance is glucose. ___ . If a diabetic patient receives an overdose of insulin there is a fall in the blood’s glucose.
13) . ________ . This area is called a reservoir. The water stored in it can be used for irrigation or power generation; it can also be used to supply water to homes and industry.
14) . People visit Cappodocia for several reasons. Mainly they come for the exotic scenery and the archaeological interest. _______ . Moreover in the vicinity, there are many places of remarkable beauty and historical significance.
15) . Before 1950, in Britain, it was the responsibility of the municipalities to provide gas and electricity for public use. However this was changed by the Attlee government; _______. Among them were steel, coal and railways.
16) . Bridges are among the most significant; and often the most spectacular, of all civil engineering works. __________ . Without them it would be impossible to imagine how traffic in Istanbul could circulate. Furthermore they are the symbolic link of two continents.
17) . Following World War II, there was an era of great optimism, economic growth and affluence. It lasted, however, for only a short period of time. _________ . This was largely owing to continuous economic recession and a whole series of world crises. A) The super powers should be held responsible for this state of affairs.
18) . Most of our misconceptions of art arise from a lack of consistency in the use of the words “art” and “beauty”. ….. We always assume that all that is beautiful is art, of that all art is beautiful, that what is not beautiful is not art, and that ugliness is that negation of art. This identification of art and beauty is at the bottom of all our difficulties in the appreciation of art.
19) . At the beginning of this century, a group of writers, from scattered Midwestern towns came together in bustling, commercial Chicago. From the rough immediacy of the city, they forged a style that was distinctively and unsparingly realistic. …… In fact the critics were soon to describe Chicago as the literary capital of the US.
20) . Italy is the great country of fountains, and the fountains-of Rome are world famous. ….. It was built in the time of Pope Clement Xll about the middle of the eighteenth century. The fountain and the place behind it are a good example of the baroque style of architecture, which gives feeling of magnificence, movement and excitement.
21) . …….. As a student he showed no special talent for design. He finally graduated but was out of work for nearly a year. Then he found a job with Bowles, a little-known firm. Now, after only five years he is one of the foremost designers in the textile world.
B) Mark Shaw’s career is of no particular interest.
22) . Truly democratic countries do not go to war with one another or sponsor terrorism against other democracies. They do not build weapons of mass destruction to threaten one another. They are more reliable, open, and enduring trading partners, and offer more stable climates for investment. ____.
23) . There are times when I find it almost impossible to read for pleasure. Of course, I read for a living; as an editor for a publishing firm, I spend much of my working day with manuscripts, proofs,newspapers and magazines. Also, many evenings and weekends are consumed by books I have to read in order to keep up. Some of this reading gives me pleasure; ________.
24) . What is needed today to reduce the volume of solid wastes is not stricter regulation, but a better means of pricing waste disposal. Most people and firms have no idea at all about the cots of waste disposal. ________ . With such pricing systems, the cost of waste disposal is not fully understood; hence, effective waste-management strategies must be introduced to communicate toconsumers the true, total cost of waste disposal.
D) Many firms have already been fined for negligence and failure
25) . Deterrence was a security system that characterized the period of bipolarity from 1945 to 1989. ________ . With forces stationed in other countries the great powers largely solved the chronic of credibility of engagement. But deterrence was an expensive and tension-building system, and in this system the world from time to time veered uncomfortably close to the edge of nuclear war.
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