Paragraf Tamamlama Test 2
1. The science of computers and the technology of their use are extensive and complicated subjects. ____. As a result, as in other similar fields so in computer sciences, there is a great variety of terminology and jargon.
A) Even children in primary schools now learn to use computers
B) Obviously there are several types of computers which would serve this particular purpose adequately
C) The languages the computer understands are easily understood by even ordinary people
D) One recent development is that computers are getting smaller and smaller
E) Moreover, the rapid rate of change in this field has contributed still further to this complexity
2. ____. The feudal lords in England had always run their own law courts and profited by the fines paid by those brought to court. However, King Edward took many cases out of their courts and tried them in his own, taking the money for himself.
3. The foremost power of the media lies in the fact that it can shape what we know about the world and can be a basic source of ideas and opinions. _____________.This power is greater if we consider all the various media together, not just one, such as the press.
4. All considered, the United States has the world’s most competent overall economy. —–. This increase in efficiency has in part been made possible by the fact that this sector is less heavily unionized than the manufacturing sector.
A) Unfortunately many American car manufacturers have lost a sizeable share of the world market
5. There are no less than 120 countries comprising the so-called “third world” known variously as “less developed” or “underdeveloped” or poor countries. There is a great diversity among them, and yet they have a number of features in common._____. For example, some of the oil-producing countries have achieved very high levels of income per capital while retaining many of the other characteristics of less developed countries.
6. Bacteria are minute, single-celled organisms of various shape and activity. Along with the viruses, they are classified as the lowest forms of plant life. Bacteria are everywhere in soil, water, dust, and in air._____. Some turn decaying vegetable matter into manure; others; within the human or animal body, assist in the development of certain vitamins necessary to health.
7. Vegetables eaten freshly cooked are safe. They may be unhygienic after cooking or be subject to spore germination and outgrowth if cooled slowly and stored warm. Salad vegetables, lettuce, tomatoes, radishes, cucumber and watercress should be washed in water for not less than 45 seconds._____.
8. _____. Never has a statement made anywhere been meant more literally. Without energy, nothing could walk, fly, prowl, dive, swim, chew, hiss, bark, or grow. Einstein demonstrated that even matter is a form of energy. It should be clear, then, why energy is central to one of the cardinal principles of ecology.
9. Even the smallest organization, public or private, has a personnel function. People are an organization’s major resource and, even though the links between the personnel department and other departments are not always clear, it is important that cooperation between all departments and personnel is maintained. It is the personnel department, with the help of the other departments, which will implement any manpower policies by recruiting, selecting and training all employees._____.
10. People will exchange any goods or services for money: this is its most significant function. In order to be a medium of exchange, money must be acceptable:_____. Firstly, this confidence was created by using metals like gold and silver which in themselves were valuable. The coins, notes and cheques which are used as money today are not in themselves worth what they represent. Nevertheless, they are accepted by everyone in business transactions.
A) this primitive method of exchange is no longer used
11. _____. There is, for example, an obvious relationship between increases in economic wealth and general improvements in our life styles. The extent of the interrelationship between social and economic change means that many business organizations are influenced by changes in society.
12. There are a number of ways in which to write medical history._____. Then there is the social approach of the history of medicine which concentrates on how, when, where, by whom, and with what effect the ill were treated in times gone by. Yet, another approach is to deal with the effect of disease upon the course of human affairs.
13. In this age crime has become a daily event, and this has had an effect on our reading. Readers no longer look for an escape when they pick up a crime novel._____. That is to say, they want to learn something about the real world, and about those, good and bad, who inhabit it.
14. The term “psychology” was coined by the ancient Greeks as a label for their philosophic probing into the human “psyche”._____. But how does this go about studying the mind scientifically? Science implies measurement. How does one measure something that can neither be seen nor heard nor touched?
15. _____. Size alone has obviously nothing to do with the distinction, there are some enormous colleges and some small universities. Is the difference to be found in breadth or scope of instructional offerings? Not according to the late Hastings Ranowall, whose three-volume Universities of Europe in the Middle Ages is a classic in the field.
16. For centuries, scientists and philosophers have speculated on the structure of the universe and the existence of galaxies outside our own. However until the twentieth century, they could do no more than speculate._____. Using giant telescopes, ultraviolet and infrared instruments, and high-speed computers, they are studying the information of galaxies for further insights into the nature of the cosmos.
17. A long time ago, many things were explained by reference to the will of unseen deities. _____. In our world, we explain things by reference to genes, and feel much superior for it. Nevertheless there is not, if we contemplate about it, very much difference between saying “The gods have made him angry” and saying “He has the gene for anger.” Both are ways of attributing a matter of personal agency to some fateful and mysterious impersonal power.
A) Today, we regard this as a foolish and primitive approach
18. Michelangelo hated to delegate work to others and would only do so in an excessive emergency._____; and certainly no artist of note emerged from his studio.
19. The planets are the celestial bodies that revolve round the sun in elliptical orbits._____. There are also numerous minor planets, generally called asteroids. Today many significant questions concerning the planets can be answered by means of probes sent to them. These include the measurement of the magnetic field, if any, of the planets, the study of their atmospheres and, in some cases surface conditions.
20. Acupuncturists treat all kinds of conditions ranging from headaches to strokes.____. In Britain, this very often happens, however some health insurance schemes do cover it.
21. As scientific knowledge increased, so did the practical applications. The eighteenth century witnessed what is generally called the Industrial Revolution,_____. Since then, there has been a succession of technical innovations and fewer manual workers have been required.
22 _____. But most psychotherapists would say that such depression stems from buried grief or pain. For instance someone who has been dissatisfied as a child may become depressed as an adult.
23. _____. X-rays can tell a cultured pearl from a natural one because they can detect the structure of mother of pearl in the inside. Cultured pearls are generally less expensive than natural ones though in fact they, too, are “real” pearls.
24. Most of our misconceptions of art arise from a lack of consistency in the use of the words “art” and “beauty”.____. We always suppose that all that is beautiful is art, or that all art is beautiful, that what is not beautiful is not art, and that ugliness is the negation of art. This identification of art and beauty is at the bottom of all our complexities in the
25. At the beginning of this century, a group of writers from scattered Midwestern towns came together in bustling, commercial Chicago. From the rough immediacy of the city, they forged a style that was peculiarly and unsparingly realistic._____. Actually, the critics were soon to describe Chicago as the literary capital of the US.
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