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Paragraf Tamamlama Test 21


1) .[AKIN] …….. Composers such as Schubert, Schumann Listz, and Belioz sought a new freedom in musical expression. Form became less important than content; and that content often had literary connections.[/AKIN]
A) Wordsworth is one of the best-known of all the English Romantic poets.
B) Mendelssohn and Brahms are the two most typical representative composers of the romantic era.
C) The Romantic movement, which began around the year 1800 in literature, also had its counterpart in music.
D) In fact, the Romantic movement itself did not last very long.
E) Among the Romantic composers. Brahms has generally been the most popular.

2) .[AKIN] Just how the Alzheimer disease ravages the brain isn’t found out, but a protein molecule is thought to be involved ……. On the theory that the protein causes the disorder by travelling from other tissues to the brain, researchers may now seek to devise drugs that would block the protein and stop it getting there.
A) If this is confirmed, it may lead to a break-through in the treatment of the disease.
B) In fact it hardly seems worthwhile to carry out further research into the Alzheimer disease.
C) Much research has already been carried out to discover the causes of the disease.
D) Once the molecule had been isolated it was possible to cure the condition.
E) The Alzheimer disease is just one of the many incurable illnesses that inflict people in the developed countries.

3) .[AKIN] Underdeveloped countries are those in which economic structure and development are held back. The causes of the condition of underdevelopment are complicated, but two opposing sets of theories dominates discussion. ….. On the other hand there are the theories that ascribe underdevelopment directly to the distortions of economic structure and the exploitation involved in the relations between the developed and the underdeveloped countries.
A) In other words, development and underdevelopment are mutually interdependent.
B) This view implies that the state and process of underdevelopment in certain countries is inevitable.
C) On the one hand there are those theories that attribute underdevelopment to the internal characteristics of the underdeveloped countries themselves,
D) Accordingly, such countries are responsible for their own underdevelopment.
E) However, no country in the world is completely isolated from the current monetary policies.

4) .[AKIN] The aim of a novel varies with its type. Anthony Trollope’s statement has a fundamental validity: “The object of a novel should be to instruct in morals while it amuses.” At one extreme, some novels are expressly meant to teach, such as some children’s novels and social novels. …… However, one can say that the goal of most novels is to reveal and stimulate thought about aspects of human behaviour both individually and in personal and social relationships.
A) Hence, fantasy has become increasingly popular, especially in the form of science fiction.
B) Therefore, a novel is a fictitious prose narrative, usually of more than fifty thousand words in length.
C) On the whole, Daniel Defoe is regarded as the first notable English novelist.
D) At the other, some novels are meant simply as entertainment, such as detective stories and much science fiction.
E) At the same time, the reading public has increased in numbers, especially among the educated.

5) .[AKIN] Since universities have existed there have been arguments about what books should be taught to students. …… Others have maintained that such a practice does not help students to distinguish between the good and the bad. Instead, they have suggested that students should be exposed to a wider range of writing.
A) Some have claimed that students should be introduced to the ‘great’ books of he world.
B) In fact, university authorities have always concerned themselves with this problem.
C) This is not to say that all students should read the same books.
D) The decision taken was that we limit ourselves to the world classics.
E) The problem was heatedly debated right through the 1950s.

6) .[AKIN] In Britain today every household with a TV set must, by law, pay for a license, which costs about the same for a year as a trendy newspaper every day. A few people, including those with non-colour TV pay less. ………. Another important source is the selling of its productions to other broadcasting stations.
A) The BBC enjoyed a monopoly until 1954.
B) Unlike the press, the BBC has rarely been accused of being partial
C) The new payments are mainly compulsory subscription to the BBC, which derives nearly all of its funds from this source.
D) News programs and films still attract the largest audiences.
E) Since the 1970s most British households have had TV sets able to receive channels.

6) .[AKIN] The Times newspaper has three weekly supplements all published and sold separately. These are The Time Literary Supplement, The Times Education Supplement, and The Times Higher Education Supplement. ………. It is devoted almost completely to book reviews and covers all kinds of new literature.
A) Obviously they influence the way people think to a considerable extent
B) Glossy weekly magazines cater for special interests.
C) Both of these appeal only to a restricted number of people.
D) Of these, The Literary Supplement has the biggest number of readers.
E) They make good use of academic contributors on issues related to education and literature.

7) .[AKIN] Generally, the farther north one goes in England, the more adequate are the roads for the traffic they have to carry. …… But the roads in the south of England, apart from the motorways which radiate from London, must be among the most inadequate in Europe. Traffic there frequently moves at walking pace.
A) It is advisable to use the metro in London, for traffic jams make other forms of transport completely unreliable.
B) Wales and Scotland, for instance, are well-catered for with great lengths of nearly empty dual carriage ways.
C) The noise of the traffic has, in fact, increased very little recent years.
D) Similarly, in London, traffic hardly moves faster now than it did a century ago when vehicles were horse-drawn.
E) Several new schemes are now being considered to alleviate this condition.

8) .[AKIN] The habit of thinking about the past as divided into water-tight periods is particularly dangerous when it comes to economic and social history. Actually ‘periods’ usually have, as their names imply, a purely political connotation _ ‘the Tudor age’ or “the age of Louis XIV. ………. Rather absorbed in its own daily task, it flows on like an underground river, Only occasionally making eruption into the upper daylight of politics.
A) This system, which originated in late medieval times, only blossomed in modern times.
B) The characteristics of one age thus invariably overlap into the next.

C) But economic and social life takes little heed of the deaths of kings or the accession of new dynasties.
D) The great innovators of social reform have all too often remained unacknowledged.
E) The approach of the modern historian has been to play down this all-important trend.

9) .[AKIN] A teacher’s expectation of a child’s ability can often determine the child’s actual performance at school. If a group of children is divided into two groups of equal aptitude but their teachers are told that the children in group 1 have high IQs and” are expected to do well, whereas in group 2 the children are academically poor, ……… . This has been born out by numerous studies in many fields, not only in education.
A) the children in group 1 will do much better than those in group 2.
B) the performance of each group is likely to be similar.
C) the quality of the teaching could account for the difference.
D) the children felt discouraged by the results.
E) the children in group 2 soon realized what was happening and complained accordingly.

10) .[AKIN] The brain’s main nutritional substance is glucose. ___ . If adiabetic patient receives an overdose of insulin there is a fall in the blood’s glucose.
A) Moreover, the brain is the seat of intelligence.
B) Surgeons know exactly were to cut the affected part of the brain.
C) The brain is very sensitive to changes in the blood’s glucose level.
D) This can have a harmful effect on a child’s learning process.
E) Even so the effects of smoking cannot be counterbalanced.

11) .[AKIN] ________ . This area is called a reservoir. The water stored in it can be used for irrigation or power generation; it can also be used to supply water to homes and industry.
A) A dam is a wall, generally constructed across a valley, to enclose an area in which water is stored.
B) A dam is a complicated structure, consisting of various parts.
C) The GAP project has already brought great benefits to the region.
D) The site for any dam has to be chosen with great care.
E) South east Turkey is obviously even richer in water resources.

12) .[AKIN] People visit Cappodocia for several reasons. Mainly they come for the exotic scenery and the archaeological interest. _______ . Moreover in the vicinity, there are many places of remarkable beauty and historical significance.
A) Unfortunately it hasn’t been sufficiently advertised.
B) The rock monasteries, in particular, draw large crowds.
C) It is only recently that the number of tourists to Cappodocia has declined.
D) The majority of tourists coming to Turkey prefer sea-side resorts.
E) Few people realize that Cappodocia could be developed as a tourist centre.

13) .[AKIN] Before 1950, in Britain, it was the responsibility of the municipalities to provide gas and electricity for public use. However this was changed by the Attlee government; _______. Among them were steel, coal and railways.
A) even the conservatives were impressed at the results.
B) they were extremely concerned about unemployment and economic decline.
C) there was naturally a large amount of public reaction.
D) the policy they followed was bound to make them unpopular.
E) all gas and electricity services were nationalized along with several other industries.

14) .[AKIN] Bridges are among the most significant; and often the most spectacular, of all civil engineering works. __________ . Without them it would be impossible to imagine how traffic in Istanbul could circulate. Furthermore they are the symbolic link of two continents.
A) A further aspect of civil engineering is the choice of a suitable site.
B) The construction of bridges requires a number of engineering skills.
C) One of the major problems posed by long bridges is that of maintenance.
D) The bridges across the Bosphorus are a case in point.
E) Historically there has always been a dream to construct a bridge across the Bosphorus.

15) .[AKIN] Following World War II, there was an era of great optimism, economic growth and affluence. It lasted, however, for only a short period of time. _________ . This was largely owing to continuous economic recession and a whole series of world crises.
A) The super powers should be held responsible for this state of affairs.
B) Especially in the West the growth in the population was noticeable.
C) Many people looked forward to a better future for all.
D) Indeed the European Community took serious measures aimed at reducing unemployment.
E) From the 1970s onwards a new mood of frustration and disillusionment set in.

16) .[AKIN] Most of our misconceptions of art arise from a lack of consistency in the use of the words “art” and “beauty”. ….. We always assume that all that is beautiful is art, of that all art is beautiful, that what is not beautiful is not art, and that ugliness is that negation of art. This identification of art and beauty is at the bottom of all our difficulties in the appreciation of art.
A) The painter generally expresses himself by the representation of the visible world.
B) The relation between art and religion is one of the most difficult questions that we have to face.
C) Expressionism in modern art is a distinct movement, having little or nothing in common with cubism.
D) It might be said that we are only consistent in our misuse of these words.
E) Some people are quite unaware of the importance of proportion in architecture, and have no-sense of shape, surf ace and mass.

17) .[AKIN] At the beginning of this century, a group of writers, from scattered Midwestern towns came together in bustling, commercial Chicago. From the rough immediacy of the city, they forged a style that was distinctively and unsparingly realistic. …… In fact the critics were soon to describe Chicago as the literary capital of the US.
A) Most of them, however ultimately moved away from Chicago.
B) The “Chicago Renaissance”, fuelled by these writers, soon captured the attention of the rest of the nation.
C) It is now a commonplace of literary criticism that there is a close relationship between cities and their writers.
D) Chicago is indeed a city of absorbing contrast, and not least in the field of architecture.
E) American realism differs in many obvious ways from European realism.

18) .[AKIN] Italy is the great country of fountains, and the fountains-of Rome are world famous. ….. It was built in the time of Pope Clement XII about the middle of the eighteenth century. The fountain and the place behind it are a good example of the baroque style of architecture, which gives feeling of magnificence, movement and excitement.
A) The Fountain of Trevi, in Rome, is one of the most magnificent in the city.
B) This style is especially effective for fountains because of the moving water.
C) The water is brought underground from a spring many miles outside the city.
D) A statue of Neptune in the fountain is surrounded by numerous other figures.
E) The city of Rome has been the capital of Italy ever since it was established thousands of years ago.

19) .[AKIN] ….. His principal equipment is a leather couch for patients to lie on and a cabinet of mysterious drugs of one kind or another to send them off to sleep. He is particularly interested in the dreams of his patients and may use some form of hypnosis to study their “responses” thoughts and secret emotions.
A) More and more large firms are realizing the advantages offered by psychiatry.
B) No one may prescribe drugs or surgery in treating mentally sick individuals unless he is medically qualified.
C) It is essential to realize that psychologists are first and foremost trained as scientists rather than as medical experts.
D) Psychologists are primarily concerned with behaviour and its abnormalities.
E) The popular image of a psychiatrist is a fairly well-defined one.

20) .[AKIN] The Federal Republic of Germany, founded in 1949, had as its first Chancellor Dr. Konrad Adenauer. His Christian Democrat government produced conditions of stability and confidence in which Germany rebuilt her shattered prosperity and a viable parliamentary democracy. Further, his work in building special relationship with France, culminating in a treaty of friendship, was a dramatic contrast to the long tradition of enmity towards
France. …….
A) Even so, Adenauer’s successor Dr. Erhard was a loyal supporter of the Atlantic Alliance.
B) Furthermore, he strove relentlessly for German renunciation within the boundaries of 1937, stressing West German’s right to speak for the whole of Germany
C) The Brandt Government’s main achievements were in the field of foreign policy
D) On the other hand, Brandt had built up his reputation as mayor of West Berlin before he was elected Chancellor.
E) Indeed, the tensions within the government were heightened by protracted negotiations between the coalition partners over policies to counter the sharply rising trend of unemployment.

21) .[AKIN] 1972 was not an easy or a successful year for the Heath Government in Britain. It was a year of confrontation with the trade unions. …… Indeed it was even forced to adopt certain policies similar to those which it had attacked so vehemently when it had been in Opposition.
A) Lastly, after 1972, there was industrial action in protest against the Government’s prices and incomes policy.
B) These problems were aggravated by persistently high levels of unemployment especially in certain, regions.
C) It was also a year in which the pressure of circumstances forced the Government to abandon many of the initiatives it had started in 1970.
D) Moreover, negotiations with the EEC started immediately after the general election of 1970.
E) Consequently, a 90-day standstill was imposed on wages, and prices and charges for goods and services were similarly frozen.

22) .[AKIN] A fitter works in a fitting shop. The operations that he performs include hack sawing, chiselling and filing. He works on a heavy rigid bench which has a vice bolted on it. He has various hand tools to work with. ___. The fitting workshop usually contains a marking-out table and a drilling machine.
A) These include files, chisels and saws.
B) The latter is used for machining holes in the work.
C) The former is used for marking out before the operations mentioned.
D) A surface grinder is used for producing a smooth surface.
E) Hack sawing, chiselling and filing are done before marking out.

23) .[AKIN] Secondary schools are schools for boys and girls from eleven to nineteen years old. There are secondary schools of one kind or another in all countries,___.
A) some are day schools but others are boarding schools.
B) with classes of all grades up to university admission,

C) clever students from primary schools can get scholarships to many of the best secondary schools.
D) the schools have well-equipped science laboratories
E) the pupils of day school live at home.

24) .[AKIN] Nowadays it is understood that a diet which contains nothing harmful may yet result in a serious disease if certain important elements are missing. ___. Quite a number of such substances are known and they are given
letters to identify them. A, B, C, D and so on. Different diseases are associated with deficiencies of particular vitamins.
A) Vegetables are necessary for a healthy body
B) A very restricted diet causes some problems
C) These elements are called “vitamins”
D) Deficiencies of the various vitamins cause different diseases
E) A good mixed diet is often difficult to arrange

25) .[AKIN] ___. When man first used animal skins is not known. Skins, even when preserved by tanning, do not last as long as stone, pottery, metals and bone, and our knowledge about the early use of skins is vague.
A) Some skins are made into leather after the hair or wool has been removed
B) Hides and skin are the raw material of the leather manufacturer or tanner,
C) Beetles and other insects eat skins and must be kept away
D) In the early stone Age, skins were prepared and used,
E) Any animal skin can be made into leather, but the skins chiefly used come from cattle, sheep, goats, pigs and horses,


Cevabı Göster
1 E 1 D 1 E 1 A 1 C 1   1   1  
2 D 2 A 2 C 2 D 2 A 2   2   2  
3 D 3 D 3 A 3 E 3 C 3   3   3  
4 D 4 E 4 C 4 C 4 D 4   4   4  
5 B 5 C 5 D 5 D 5 A 5   5   5  
6 E 6 D 6 A 6 E 6 D 6   6   6  
7 B 7 E 7 C 7 E 7 B 7   7   7  
8 E 8 E 8 D 8 A 8 B 8   8   8  
9 D 9 A 9 B 9 A 9 A 9   9   9  
10 B 10 A 10 B 10 E 10 C 10   10   10  
11 A 11 E 11 A 11 A 11 A 11   11   11  
12 B 12 A 12 C 12 D 12 B 12   12   12  
13 C 13 D 13 A 13 B 13 E 13   13   13  
14 B 14 B 14 B 14 C 14 D 14   14   14  
15 C 15 C 15 E 15 A 15 E 15   15   15  
16 D 16 A 16 D 16 B 16 D 16   16   16  
17 E 17 B 17 E 17 C 17 B 17   17   17  
18 A 18 C 18 D 18 E 18 A 18   18   18  
19 D 19 E 19 B 19 C 19 E 19   19   19  
20 B 20 C 20 A 20 B 20 B 20   20   20  
21 E 21 B 21 E 21 D 21 C 21   21   21  
22 C 22 D 22 E 22 E 22 A 22   22   22  
23 E 23 E 23 B 23 D 23 B 23   23   23  
24 B 24 D 24 E 24 B 24 C 24   24   24  
25 E 25 B 25 D 25 E 25 A 25   25   25  

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