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Paragraf Tamamlama Test 4

TEST 4

 
1. The main ends of government should be three; security, justice, and conservation ____, and they are things that only government can break about. At the same time, none of them is absolute; each may, in some circumstances, have to be sacrificed in some degree for the sake of a greater degree of some other good.
A) These are things of the utmost importance to human happiness
B) These things, however, did not exist in ancient societies
C) However important these three values can be people were reluctant to fight for them
D) Furthermore, societies have them in degrees
E) On the other hand one cannot to without them

2. A helpful way to find the meaning of a word is by using contextual clues.____. Even a very small context can sometimes be helpful. For instance, in a text on agricultural science, we would expect to find words like crops, soil, weather conditions, and so on.
A) But we know which concepts tend to appear in the same context
B) We would, therefore, not expect to find terms taken from criminology or the history of art
C) In the same way, we expect a word to be followed by a verb, for instance
D) A verb, for example, followed by a concept may go together with an adverb
E) A context enables us to predict what is going to come next

3. ____. Even those students who are far behind can and ought to be able to improve. Perhaps their extreme disability will prevent them from reaching their highest potential. However, this doesn’t mean that they cannot move ahead.
A) These students have failed for so many years that they have developed antipathy toward the system
B) We do not mean to say that teachers are to be blamed
C) Therefore improvement-even though very slow-is the realistic goal
D) These students, it is hoped, have not been involved in such a failure
E) In spite of making every effort, many teachers do not succeed in helping students ,

4. The popular statement, ‘Smith’s credit is worth half a million, means that Smith is believed to be both able and willing to pay back at least that amount. The statement,____. In determining a candidate’s creditworthiness, credit analysts emphasize the three ‘C’s’-character, capital and capacity to get income.
A) only applies to those who are reluctant to pay
B) is absolutely misunderstood
C) indicates clearly that debtors should not be faithful at all
D) ‘His credit is bad’ indicates lack of faith in the borrower’s willingness
E) however, puts too much blame on credit analysts

5. Western Europe made two unsuccessful attempts to expand. The first one of these attempts was the medieval movement in the Mediterranean.____. During this period, the attempt to impose the political and economic dominion of West Europeans ended in a complete failure.
A) The most convenient common name for this one is the Crusades
B) It is still unknown when this attempt was made
C) The second attempt was that of the Americans
D) In the interchange of culture, the West Europeans received a greater impress from the Muslims
E) In the Crusades, however, they were able to gain some land

6. Want, neglect, confusion, and misery in every shape and in every degree of intensity filled the endless corridors of the hospital. The very building itself was shamefully defective.____. There were not sufficient bedsteads, and the sheets were of canvas and very coarse. There was no furniture of any kind, and empty beer bottles were used for candle sticks. There were no basins, no towels, no soap, no brooms, no trays, or plates.
A) There had been some delay in the delivery of the medical stores sent out by various European countries.
B) The structural defects were equalled by the deficiencies in the commonest objects of hospital use.
C) The authorities had taken measures to ensure that there would be an adequate supply of stretchers, bandages and the most ordinary drugs.
D) Indeed, great detachments of the wounded were all ready convertibly accommodated.
E) The first signs of hope came when a fair supply of the most necessary objects arrived.

7. When the Crimean War broke out, Captain Gordon, who was to become famous in the future as General Gordon of Khartoum, was twenty-one. Before the year was over, he had managed to get himself transferred to the Crimea.____. Upon the declaration of peace, he was sent to Bessarabia to help in determining the frontier between Russia and Turkey, in accordance with the Treaty of Paris. Upon this task he was occupied for almost two years. Then he was dispatched to China.
A) All through the war, especially during the siege of Sebastopol, he behaved with conspicuous gallantry.
B) For the historian, the circumstances of this tragic end, so bitterly debated, and so controversially described, stilt remain a mystery.
C) It was not in peace and rest, but in ruin and horror, that he reached his end.
D) The news of the catastrophe reached England, and a great outcry arose.
E) In fact, he was by no means in favour of the Government’s imperial policies in the colonies.

8. _____. The study found that morale was low among secretaries. Many of them stated that they felt a lack of respect for their work and that they were not treated as full members of the company’s executive team. The study also demonstrated that they were under-utilized.
A) First of all, we have made a list of tasks that secretaries can perform in addition to the more traditional tasks of typing and filing.
B) The changes we have made in the personnel system of the company were in part the result of a study conducted about secretaries over a six-month period.
C) In addition to the language training that has been offered, the company is designing a training program on office management for secretaries.
D) In upgrading office efficiency, managers also play an important role by recognizing and appreciating the work and career aspirations of secretaries.
E) The questionnaire didn’t provide them with any useful information.

9. It is an old wives’ tale that reading in the dark is harmful or will weaken the eyes. Apart from looking directly at the sun, or another very high intensify Light source, one does not hurt one’s eyes by using them. True, reading with inadequate light may tire the eye muscles.____. Admittedly, the proper level of illumination for reading is the level with which one feels comfortable.
A) Moreover, light from behind is ideal for reading and any close work.
B) Therefore, higher illumination can actually be a disadvantage
C) On the contrary, one would feel more comfortable if the Light were better.
D) It may even cause headaches, but it does no permanent damage.
E) In fact, there are new, inexpensive, high-intensity lamps available now, which provide higher illumination with lower wattage.

10. A simple idea could make flying much safer. Tests in the US have demonstrated that cooling fuel before it is put into an aircraft prevents explosive fumes building up in the fuel tanks. For this purpose, an American company has developed a system that cools fuels to 1 degree Celsius or below, before it is put into an aircraft. This is the ideal safety temperature and nearly eliminates the chance of an explosion in the fuel tanks.
A) Research has revealed that the fuel delivered to an aircraft before take-off will heat up fast if the aircraft is in the sun.
B) The explosion of the TWA flight 800 off Long Island in the United States is thought to have been caused by a fire in one of the aircraft’s tanks.
C) As an aircraft climbs, the drop in pressure draws more fumes into the tanks, and if this occurs safety depends largely on the absence of a spark.
D) The US Federal Aviation Administration has since been looking at many ways of making air travel safer.
E) The idea is to minimize vaporization, so that there is no danger of an explosion even if static electricity or faulty wiring creates a spark.

11. ____. Periodic environmental cues such as dawn or dusk or the change of the seasons, regulate these clocks. There is scientific proof that matching clocks to these cues helps animals live longer. In fact, most researchers think that the clocks help animals coordinate metabolic and physiological processes for survival.
A) In the case of some insects, the biological clocks are never affected by changes in the environment in which they live
B) Biological clocks do not always enable animals to live in harmony with their natural habitat.
C) Biological clocks allow organisms to anticipate when to feed, mate, migrate, or, in short, synchronize their activities with the environment.
D) Some scientists argue that biological clocks disappear over time in populations raised in an environment with no periodic changes.
E) Many people find it difficult to adapt to a new time schedule.

12. In an earthquake, the toll depends largely on four factors. ____. Then, there is the type and quality of housing. The time of day is a further significant factor. Lastly, there is the population density.
A) The first is the magnitude of the earthquake itself
B) All of these are outside our control
C) Of these only two can be controlled by man
D) If only we knew when an earthquake was likely to occur, we could be better prepared
E) In these recent earthquakes, the toll of human life was needlessly great

13. Economic liberalization, which is itself a vague term, occurs in a variety of forms and in many countries.____. With a few notable exceptions, nevertheless, nearly every country in the world has been affected by this trend. In the industrialized world, it was epitomized in the ends and policies of the Thatcher and Reagan governments. Also, encouraged by the World Bank and IMF, most less developed countries, including India, Brazil, Argentina, Mexico have made some movement toward economic liberalization.
A) In fact, the movement toward liberalization relates to the change in thinking in the economics profession in the 1950s and 1960s
B) Even Vietnam has taken some small steps toward opening up its economy to the outside world
C) This policy recognizes the role of the state in the stabilization of a country’s economy
D) Next, however, in the question of the relation of these trends to the overall global processes of economic development and social modernization
E) It is, therefore, difficult, if not impossible, to produce a list of countries that can be said to have fully liberalized

14. D. H. Lawrence differed in many ways from his contemporaries. Especially, he wrote with more urgency and intensity than most.____. This is in keeping with this subject matter that is so often the dreams and aspirations of man.
A) This subject matter is all too often the personal relationships of opposite characters
B) In fact, there is a poetic quality to much of his work
C) He knew at first-hand the hardships of a coal miner’s life
D) It was the working class and its problems that he presented most accurately
E) Actually, he was someone of a rebel himself

15. Mercury, which is the smallest of all planets, is the closest to the sun at a little more than one-third of the earth’s average distance.____. It was first visited in March, 1974 by the space-craft Mariner 10 that passed within a few hundred kilometres of it. The craft relayed pictures on the two following passes in September, 1974 and March, 1975. It still goes on to revisit Mercury every 176 days.
A) The relayed pictures showed that the planet has an approximately 59-day rotation period
B) It is only recently that we have been able to gain any accurate information about it
C) Mariner 10 measured a small magnetic field at the surface
D) Today we are in possession of vast amount of information about the planets
E) Obviously, it will take many thousands of years to reach even the nearest stars

16. In spite of technological improvements which allow exploration to proceed rapidly, it is no simple matter to obtain oil from undersea fields. Prospecting must be followed by the leasing of potential oil-producing areas, and then by drilling to see whether oil is actually there. Offshore drilling platforms must be contracted most proficiently so as to withstand the force of waves, especially during the season for hurricanes.____.
A) Therefore, the technical difficulties of far more extensive offshore operations do not discourage specialists in petroleum engineering
B) Naturally, the search for petroleum has repeatedly led geologists to sedimentary rocks under the seas
C) It is a fact that by no means all of the land resources of petroleum have been discovered
D) In fact, of California, Texas, and Louisiana, oil companies have drilled into the sediments of the shelf and are obtaining oil
E) Indeed, winds, storm waves, fogs and the corrosive effects of sea water upon metal structures are the major hazards that must be faced and overcome in offshore oil production

17. National self-reliance in disaster relief is a goal toward which all countries must strive. But, international assistance may be required to provide locally unavailable resources and skills for relief and rehabilitation. Many agencies, associations, groups and governments support countries affected by natural disasters. ____. If properly coordinated, international relief is beneficial to disaster victims.
A) The rehabilitation period provides an opportunity for making major changes in health-care methods, for during it people are receptive to new ideas
B) The arrival of unsolicited medical assistance, particularly in the form of volunteer physicians, may be a persistent problem
C) A major disaster with high mortality leaves orphaned children whose care may become the responsibility of health agencies
D) Each has different objectives, expertise, and financial support to offer, and over a hundred may become involved in any single major disaster
E) Funding long-term projects from international resources may prove difficult since many organizations are reluctant to take on such expenditures

18. Alzheimer’s Disease is a progressive and irreversible brain disease that destroys mental and physical functioning in human beings, and invariably leads to death. It is the fourth leading cause of adult death in the United States. ……… Fortunately, a large amount of progress is being made to combat Alzheimer’s disease every year. To fully be able to comprehend and combat Alzheimer’s disease, one must know what it does to the brain, the part of the human body it most greatly affects.
A) Many Alzheimer’s disease sufferers had their brains examined.
B) There was a loss of nerve cells from the Cerebral Cortex in the Alzheimer’s victim.
C) A large number of differences were present when comparing the normal brain to the Alzheimer’s brain.
D) Approximately ten percent of the neurons in this region were lost.
E) Alzheimer’s creates emotional and financial catastrophe for many American families every year.

19. Most people don’t know where the idea of the laser came from. The idea for the laser came from a machine called a maser. The maser was a tool that was able to strengthen, or amplify radio and light waves. …….. It was built by Theodore Maiman and a group of American scientists.
A) Using the first letter of each main word they named it laser.
B) The first laser was made in California in 1960.
C) The laser had everyone excited.
D) At first there weren’t many uses for the laser.
E) It was done by coiling a simple flash tube around a rod, and beaming powerful flashes of light at it.

20. As defined by the Webster’s New Collegiate Dictionary, a tornado is a tropical thunderstorm; a violent, destructive whirling wind accompanied by a funnel-shaped cloud that progresses in a narrow path over land. …….These powerful windstorms usually leave behind trail of ravaged buildings and their distraught occupants. A tornado can be a few meters to about a kilometre wide where it touches the ground, with an average width of a few hundred meters. It can move over land for distances ranging from a couple of inches to many kilometres, causing great damage wherever it touches down. Most tornadoes spin counter clockwise in the northern hemisphere and clockwise in the southern, but occasional tornadoes reverse.
A) Damage to property hit by a tornado come from these winds.
B) Tornadoes can be found in various places at any given time.
C) The number of funnels observed each year can vary greatly in any given region.
D) Tornadoes occur mostly in temperate latitudes.
E) Hurricanes are made up of high-velocity winds blowing in a circular pattern around a low-pressure centre

21. Human rights are universal, indivisible and interdependent. Human rights are what make us human. When we speak of the right to life, or development, or to dissent and diversity, we are speaking of tolerance. ……….. Without it, we can be certain of none.
A) Tolerance will ensure all freedoms.
B) Another example is right in our own back yard.
C) They are no different today than centuries ago when slavery was allowed.
D) One religion against another, it is all the same.
E) We should embrace the differences and share the differences.

22. ………. Whether it is an addiction to drugs, sex, gambling, or whatever, hardly anyone would be willing to take that on an everyday basis. Most people would agree that it is not pretty to see someone throw their life away on addictions. It is simply not attractive and thus, not many people would want to be with someone with an extreme problem like that.
A) An unfortunate reason for a break up, physical disabilities also occurs at times.
B) More reasons why couples separate, addictions often result in ugly break ups.
C) To some people, having children is the most important priority in their adult life.
D) Being with a person, who becomes handicapped, though unfortunate, is a big burden to place on a person.
E) Having a partner who has a paralyzing disability might be too much for someone to take.

23. In 1900 a radio pioneer, Nikola Tesla, noticed that large objects can produce reflected radio signals that are strong enough to be picked up. ………. So he predicted that such echoes could be used to find the position and course of ships at sea. But nothing was done about it until just before World War II. In 1935, Robert A. Watson Watt and other British scientists developed a system of radio echoes that could detect approaching aircraft. This later developed into the radar system that proved effective against German air raids on Britain in World War II.
A) The size of a radar set depends on the job it is expected to do.
B) An important step in making radar possible had taken place in the United States in 1925.
C) The new idea was to send out the radio signals in short bursts, called pulses.
D) But all radar sets, regardless of their size, use the principle of the echo.
E) He knew that reflected radio signals are really radio echoes.

24. The evolutionists had a hard time trying to explain why dinosaurs became extinct. ……. Out of all of those explanations not one of them was a satisfactory one. A theory that works for large animals would not work for small animals, and vise-versa. Whatever happened, evolutionists agree that it must have been a catastrophe on a world-wide scale.
A) Then the mammals evolved into man.
B) The evolutionists believe, very strongly, that dinosaurs were extinct millions of years ago.
C) Why did dinosaurs become extinct?
D) They had over fifty-five different theories that would just come and go.
E) When these animals were called mammals, there were even no people to walk on the earth.

25. Throughout the 1900’s there has been numerous polls taken that shocked everyone. The unemployment rate for those who cannot read and write is dramatically higher than for those who can. Illiteracy is a hidden problem throughout the United States. Another poll taken showed that an estimated 23 percent of Americans can read a stop sign but cannot fill out an employment form. ………..
A) Next, this information is given to the Bureau of Labour Statistics which is held in the labour department.
B) Of those who can read and write, large numbers of adults cannot read and write past the fifth grade level.
C) The educational opportunities for minority groups is low.
D) One may argue that education is low due to finances.
E) These steps are also known as the fiscal point and the monetary policy.
 

Cevabı Göster
TEST 1 TEST 2 TEST 3 TEST 4 TEST 5 TEST 6 TEST 7 TEST 8
1 C 1 E 1 A 1 A 1 B 1 B 1 C 1 C
2 A 2 C 2 E 2 E 2 D 2 D 2 B 2 D
3 C 3 B 3 B 3 C 3 E 3 E 3 B 3 B
4 D 4 D 4 A 4 D 4 A 4 A 4 B 4 A
5 A 5 E 5 D 5 A 5 B 5 B 5 D 5 D
6 D 6 E 6 E 6 B 6 A 6 A 6 A 6 C
7 B 7 D 7 C 7 A 7 C 7 C 7 C 7 E
8 B 8 B 8 A 8 B 8 A 8 A 8 A 8 A
9 A 9 A 9 B 9 D 9 E 9 E 9 D 9 C
10 C 10 C 10 C 10 E 10 C 10 C 10 E 10 B
11 A 11 B 11 B 11 C 11 C 11 C 11 C 11 A
12 B 12 E 12 E 12 A 12 B 12 B 12 A 12 B
13 E 13 D 13 C 13 E 13 B 13 B 13 B 13 E
14 D 14 E 14 E 14 B 14 E 14 E 14 D 14 D
15 E 15 C 15 C 15 B 15 D 15 D 15 D 15 A
16 D 16 D 16 D 16 E 16 B 16 B 16 D 16 B
17 B 17 A 17 A 17 D 17 A 17 A 17 B 17 E
18 A 18 B 18 B 18 E 18 E 18 E 18 B 18 B
19 E 19 B 19 D 19 E 19 B 19 B 19 A 19 B
20 B 20 D 20 C 20 B 20 D 20 D 20 C 20 C
21 C 21 A 21 D 21 A 21 E 21 E 21 E 21 A
22 A 22 B 22 E 22 B 22 B 22 B 22 A 22 E
23 B 23 E 23 E 23 E 23 D 23 D 23 A 23 B
24 C 24 D 24 E 24 D 24 E 24 E 24 E 24 D
25 A 25 B 25 A 25 B 25 A 25 A 25 A 25 D

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