Paragraf Tamamlama Test 4
1. The main ends of government should be three; security, justice, and conservation ____, and they are things that only government can break about. At the same time, none of them is absolute; each may, in some circumstances, have to be sacrificed in some degree for the sake of a greater degree of some other good.
A) These are things of the utmost importance to human happiness
B) These things, however, did not exist in ancient societies
C) However important these three values can be people were reluctant to fight for them
D) Furthermore, societies have them in degrees
E) On the other hand one cannot to without them
2. A helpful way to find the meaning of a word is by using contextual clues.____. Even a very small context can sometimes be helpful. For instance, in a text on agricultural science, we would expect to find words like crops, soil, weather conditions, and so on.
3. ____. Even those students who are far behind can and ought to be able to improve. Perhaps their extreme disability will prevent them from reaching their highest potential. However, this doesn’t mean that they cannot move ahead.
4. The popular statement, ‘Smith’s credit is worth half a million, means that Smith is believed to be both able and willing to pay back at least that amount. The statement,____. In determining a candidate’s creditworthiness, credit analysts emphasize the three ‘C’s’-character, capital and capacity to get income.
5. Western Europe made two unsuccessful attempts to expand. The first one of these attempts was the medieval movement in the Mediterranean.____. During this period, the attempt to impose the political and economic dominion of West Europeans ended in a complete failure.
6. Want, neglect, confusion, and misery in every shape and in every degree of intensity filled the endless corridors of the hospital. The very building itself was shamefully defective.____. There were not sufficient bedsteads, and the sheets were of canvas and very coarse. There was no furniture of any kind, and empty beer bottles were used for candle sticks. There were no basins, no towels, no soap, no brooms, no trays, or plates.
7. When the Crimean War broke out, Captain Gordon, who was to become famous in the future as General Gordon of Khartoum, was twenty-one. Before the year was over, he had managed to get himself transferred to the Crimea.____. Upon the declaration of peace, he was sent to Bessarabia to help in determining the frontier between Russia and Turkey, in accordance with the Treaty of Paris. Upon this task he was occupied for almost two years. Then he was dispatched to China.
8. _____. The study found that morale was low among secretaries. Many of them stated that they felt a lack of respect for their work and that they were not treated as full members of the company’s executive team. The study also demonstrated that they were under-utilized.
9. It is an old wives’ tale that reading in the dark is harmful or will weaken the eyes. Apart from looking directly at the sun, or another very high intensify Light source, one does not hurt one’s eyes by using them. True, reading with inadequate light may tire the eye muscles.____. Admittedly, the proper level of illumination for reading is the level with which one feels comfortable.
10. A simple idea could make flying much safer. Tests in the US have demonstrated that cooling fuel before it is put into an aircraft prevents explosive fumes building up in the fuel tanks. For this purpose, an American company has developed a system that cools fuels to 1 degree Celsius or below, before it is put into an aircraft. This is the ideal safety temperature and nearly eliminates the chance of an explosion in the fuel tanks.
11. ____. Periodic environmental cues such as dawn or dusk or the change of the seasons, regulate these clocks. There is scientific proof that matching clocks to these cues helps animals live longer. In fact, most researchers think that the clocks help animals coordinate metabolic and physiological processes for survival.
12. In an earthquake, the toll depends largely on four factors. ____. Then, there is the type and quality of housing. The time of day is a further significant factor. Lastly, there is the population density.
13. Economic liberalization, which is itself a vague term, occurs in a variety of forms and in many countries.____. With a few notable exceptions, nevertheless, nearly every country in the world has been affected by this trend. In the industrialized world, it was epitomized in the ends and policies of the Thatcher and Reagan governments. Also, encouraged by the World Bank and IMF, most less developed countries, including India, Brazil, Argentina, Mexico have made some movement toward economic liberalization.
14. D. H. Lawrence differed in many ways from his contemporaries. Especially, he wrote with more urgency and intensity than most.____. This is in keeping with this subject matter that is so often the dreams and aspirations of man.
15. Mercury, which is the smallest of all planets, is the closest to the sun at a little more than one-third of the earth’s average distance.____. It was first visited in March, 1974 by the space-craft Mariner 10 that passed within a few hundred kilometres of it. The craft relayed pictures on the two following passes in September, 1974 and March, 1975. It still goes on to revisit Mercury every 176 days.
16. In spite of technological improvements which allow exploration to proceed rapidly, it is no simple matter to obtain oil from undersea fields. Prospecting must be followed by the leasing of potential oil-producing areas, and then by drilling to see whether oil is actually there. Offshore drilling platforms must be contracted most proficiently so as to withstand the force of waves, especially during the season for hurricanes.____.
17. National self-reliance in disaster relief is a goal toward which all countries must strive. But, international assistance may be required to provide locally unavailable resources and skills for relief and rehabilitation. Many agencies, associations, groups and governments support countries affected by natural disasters. ____. If properly coordinated, international relief is beneficial to disaster victims.
18. Alzheimer’s Disease is a progressive and irreversible brain disease that destroys mental and physical functioning in human beings, and invariably leads to death. It is the fourth leading cause of adult death in the United States. ……… Fortunately, a large amount of progress is being made to combat Alzheimer’s disease every year. To fully be able to comprehend and combat Alzheimer’s disease, one must know what it does to the brain, the part of the human body it most greatly affects.
19. Most people don’t know where the idea of the laser came from. The idea for the laser came from a machine called a maser. The maser was a tool that was able to strengthen, or amplify radio and light waves. …….. It was built by Theodore Maiman and a group of American scientists.
20. As defined by the Webster’s New Collegiate Dictionary, a tornado is a tropical thunderstorm; a violent, destructive whirling wind accompanied by a funnel-shaped cloud that progresses in a narrow path over land. …….These powerful windstorms usually leave behind trail of ravaged buildings and their distraught occupants. A tornado can be a few meters to about a kilometre wide where it touches the ground, with an average width of a few hundred meters. It can move over land for distances ranging from a couple of inches to many kilometres, causing great damage wherever it touches down. Most tornadoes spin counter clockwise in the northern hemisphere and clockwise in the southern, but occasional tornadoes reverse.
21. Human rights are universal, indivisible and interdependent. Human rights are what make us human. When we speak of the right to life, or development, or to dissent and diversity, we are speaking of tolerance. ……….. Without it, we can be certain of none.
22. ………. Whether it is an addiction to drugs, sex, gambling, or whatever, hardly anyone would be willing to take that on an everyday basis. Most people would agree that it is not pretty to see someone throw their life away on addictions. It is simply not attractive and thus, not many people would want to be with someone with an extreme problem like that.
23. In 1900 a radio pioneer, Nikola Tesla, noticed that large objects can produce reflected radio signals that are strong enough to be picked up. ………. So he predicted that such echoes could be used to find the position and course of ships at sea. But nothing was done about it until just before World War II. In 1935, Robert A. Watson Watt and other British scientists developed a system of radio echoes that could detect approaching aircraft. This later developed into the radar system that proved effective against German air raids on Britain in World War II.
24. The evolutionists had a hard time trying to explain why dinosaurs became extinct. ……. Out of all of those explanations not one of them was a satisfactory one. A theory that works for large animals would not work for small animals, and vise-versa. Whatever happened, evolutionists agree that it must have been a catastrophe on a world-wide scale.
25. Throughout the 1900’s there has been numerous polls taken that shocked everyone. The unemployment rate for those who cannot read and write is dramatically higher than for those who can. Illiteracy is a hidden problem throughout the United States. Another poll taken showed that an estimated 23 percent of Americans can read a stop sign but cannot fill out an employment form. ………..
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