Paragraf Tamamlama Test 6
1) Ling Yu is a Chinese immigrant from Hong Kong. Back in Hong Kong he was a farmer peasant, who works 15 hours a day to earn some food for his family. But 15 hours of work was not enough, the crops that he grew was only enough to pay the debt for the land lords, he did not have any left for his family. ……… Life was especially hard for him because he was the only adult man in the family; he has neither land nor money.
A) Wong was exhausted and was fast asleep right after he finished every other mine worker’s laundry.
B) Sometimes his family would starve for days with nothing but water.
C) He immediately signed up for the trip to America.
D) He heard that in America there are gold mines that were hiring Chinese workers to work.
E) But he did not have any money for the trip so he was forced to sell his new born child.
2) ………. Reactions between the sun’s energy, the oceans, and the air produce
3) ……… A baby is always in someone’s hands and does not have much freedom at all.
4) We started our trip in Paris. We arrived there in the early afternoon and after checking
5) Man-made nuclear reactions are used to produce a form an electricity. Electricity can be transformed into other kinds of energy such as heat, light and radio waves. People have also used the idea of nuclear reactions as a type of weapon. We call this powerful weapon the nuclear weapon. ………. This involves energy being concentrated to a specific narrow point where the impact of so much power creates heat able to cut through metals.
6) . What makes a ‘good’ language learner ‘better’, and what makes a ‘poor’ language learner ‘poorer’? What does this imply for the teaching of language in the Turkey context? ______. We, as language teachers, should design a research study aiming at seeking the differences between language learners to learner variables and learner strategies.
7) . ________ She was worshiped under many names and attributes. Similar figures have been known in every part of the world. Essentially she was represented as the creative force in all nature, the mother of all things, responsible particularly for the periodic renewal of life. The later forms of her cult involved the worship of a male deity, variously considered her son, lover, or both, whose death and resurrection symbolized the regenerative powers of the earth.
8) . ________ Representatives of 176 nations agreed to work toward the sustainable development of the planet, although most of the agreements were not legally binding. Sustainable development is the growth of population, industry, and agriculture in a way that will allow the present generation to meet its own needs without damaging those of future generations. Two binding declarations-to minimize global climate change and to stem the depletion of the world’s inventory of biological diversity were signed by more than 150 countries at the conference, with others expected to sign later .
9) . _________ The owner of the permit may use it to pollute legally, may trade permits, or may sell the permit for a profit. The allowance issued to a polluter is reduced over time as permitted levels of a pollutant are cut. By specifying reductions in emissions but leaving the polluter to decide how to cut them, the program is intended to provide free-market incentives to lessen both pollution and compliance costs. A company that cuts its pollution below its permitted level may sell the surplus allowance; a company that exceeds its limits without purchasing an extra allowance is fined.
10) . Cretinism is situation produced in infants and children due to lack of thyroid hormone. ________ However, it can develop later if there is a lack of iodine in the diet, or if the thyroid is diseased or surgically removed. Cretinism causes very serious retardation of physical and mental development. If the condition is left untreated, growth is stunted and the physical stature attained is that of a dwarf. Moreover, the skin is thick, flabby, and waxy in colour, the nose is flattened, the abdomen protrudes, and there is a general slowness of movement and speech.
11) . By 2080 about 40 to 50 per cent of the country will experience changes in the type of vegetation it supports, with tropical and subtropical forest conditions shifting northward and hot desert conditions rising in the west where currently the desert is temperate. Crop-growing areas will expand but any benefit is expected to be negated by increased evaporation of moisture, making it too dry to grow crops such as rice. The growing season also is expected to alter, becoming shorter in southern and central China, the mainland’s breadbasket._____
51) . Strabismus is the inability of the eyes to focus together because of the lack of balance in the muscles that control eye movement; also called squint. ________ One or both eyes may be affected. Horizontal strabismus is caused when the eyes do not move together laterally; this condition is known as cross-eye if the eye turns inward or walleye if the eye turns outward. Vertical strabismus results when the eye rolls upward or downward in its socket.
12) . ______. The computer had inconspicuous beginnings in areas where it was used as a specialist tool. The first electronic computer was built in the 1930s and was solely for the use of undergraduate students in Iowa State University to handle mathematical computations in nuclear physics. During world war two computers were developed in order to wage counter espionage and break codes used by the enemy. In the post war years the scope of computers was expanded to include the military industrial complex and academia.
13) . Crossword puzzle is a word game in which words equivalent to numbered clues are put into a grid of horizontal and vertical squares to form intersecting words. ________ Though a type of crossword puzzle has been established inscribed on an ancient tomb in Egypt, journalist Arthur Wynne is generally credited with its invention in 1913. Crossword puzzles became popular with Simon and Schuster’s 1924 publication of a crossword puzzle book and now appear in virtually all journalists.
14) . Civil time may be officially defined as mean solar time plus 12 hours. The civil day begins at midnight, while the mean solar day begins at noon. Civil time is occasionally adjusted by one-second increments to ensure that the difference between a uniform timescale defined by atomic clocks does not differ from the earth’s rotational time by more than 0.9 seconds. _________ Civil time is usually not used, since it depends on the observer’s longitude; instead, standard time, which is the same throughout a given time zone, is generally adopted.
15) . ________ As a result of the intensified interest in Greek and Roman civilization, especially the works of Plato and Cicero, classical standards were reinstated as the ideal norm in literature. In Florence, the early center of Renaissance learning, Cosimo de’ Medici gathered a circle of who collected, studied, expounded, and imitated the classics. Outside Italy writers affected by the restoration of classical conventions included Francis Bacon and Ben Johnson in England and Pierre Corneille and Jean Racine in France.
16) . Humanism is philosophical and literary movement in which man and his capabilities are the central apprehension. The term was originally classified to a point of view prevalent among thinkers in the Renaissance. The distinctive characteristics of Renaissance humanism were its emphasis on classical studies, or the humanities, and a conscious return to classical ideals and forms. _______
17) . Clepsydra, or Water clock is an antique piece of equipment for measuring time by means of the flow of water from a container. A simple form of clepsydra was an earthenware vessel with a small opening through which the water dripped; as the water level dropped, it exposed marks on the walls of the vessel that indicated the time that had elapsed since the vessel was full. ___________ Some were double vessels, the larger one below containing a float that rose with the water and marked the hours on a scale. A form more closely foreshadowing the clock had a cord fastened to the float so that it turned a wheel, whose movement indicated the time. A further step was the use of gear wheels and a turning pointer.
18) . Contact lens is a thin plastic lens worn between the eye and eyelid that may be used instead of eyeglasses. _________ Contact lenses may also be used to correct certain abnormalities of the eye that cannot be corrected by regular glasses. A. E. Fick, a Swiss physician, made the first contact lens in 1887. His heavy glass lenses exerted an uncomfortable pressure on the eyeball, covered the entire eye surface, and were difficult to fit. In 1938, the first plastic contact lens was made by Theodore E. Obrig, using a newly discovered methylmethacrylate plastic, known as Plexiglas or Lucite, which could be molded into the proper shape.
19) . Monet, Renoir, and Pissarro, the great masters of impressionism, painted cafe and city life, as well as landscapes, working most often directly from nature and using new modes of representation. While art. had always been to a certain extent abstract in that formal considerations had frequently been of primary importance, painters, beginning with the impressionists in the 1870s, took new delight in freedom of brushwork. They made random spots of color and encrusted the canvas with strokes that did not always correspond to the object that they were depicting but that formed coherent internal relationships. ________.
20) . Copernican System is first modern European theory of planetary motion that was heliocentric, i.e., that placed the sun motionless at the centre of the solar system with all the planets, including the earth, revolving around it. ________. He retained the ancient belief that the planets move in perfect circles and therefore, like Ptolemy, he was forced to utilize epicycles to clarify deviations from uniform motion. Thus, the Copernican system was technically only a slight improvement over the Ptolemaic system. However, making the solar system heliocentric removed the largest epicycle and explained retrograde motion in a natural way.
21) . Bronze Age is a period in the development of technology when metals were first used regularly in the manufacture of tools and weapons. Pure copper and bronze, an alloy of copper and tin, were used indiscriminately at first. ______ The original use of cast metal can be deduced from clay models of weapons; casting was certainly established in the Middle East by 3500 B.C. Following the Neolithic period, the development of a metallurgical industry coincided with the rise of urbanization. The organized operations of mining, smelting, and casting undoubtedly required the specialization of labour and the production of surplus food to support a class of artisans, while the search for raw materials stimulated the exploration and colonization of new territories.
22) . Coral is small, inactive nautical animal, related to the sea anemone but characterized by a skeleton of horny or calcareous material. ._____ Although most corals form colonies by budding, there are some solitary corals; in both types the individual animals, called polyps, resemble the sea anemone in form. Corals grow in both warm and temperate climates, but they are most abundant in warm, shallow water; over 200 coral species are found in the Great Barrier Reef of Australia. In many shallow-water species the polyps contain unicellular plants, which may provide the high oxygen concentration required by such corals.
23) . Magic is a practice of manipulating and controlling the path of nature by preternatural means. Magic is based upon the belief that the universe is populated by unseen forces or spirits that permeate all things. Since human beings seek to control nature and since these supernatural forces are thought to govern the course of natural events, the control of these forces gives humans control over nature. ________ The magic charm, or incantation, is the core of the magical ceremony; it unlocks the full power of the ritual. The practice of magic, in seeking its desired end, also frequently combines within its scope elements of religion and science.
24) . Alchemy is a very old art of obscure origin that sought to transform base metals into silver and gold; forerunner of the science of chemistry. Some scholars hold that it was first practiced in early Egypt and others that it arose in China and was carried westward. ________ Alchemical equipment included the alembic for distillation and the kerotakis for sublimation. In its beginnings alchemy was fundamentally a craft and embraced many kinds of metalwork, including the use of alloys resembling gold and silver. Alexandria is generally considered a middle of early alchemy, and the art was influenced by the philosophy of the Hellenistic Greeks. The conversion of base metals into gold was part of a general striving of all things toward perfection.
25) . ________ Dwarfism is intentionally produced and perpetuated in certain species (e.g., in breeding miniature dogs and cultivating dwarf plants). Among humans, dwarfism usually results from a combination of genetic factors and endocrine malfunction. It can also be caused, however, by acquired conditions, such as kidney disease.
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