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Paragraf Tamamlama Test 8

TEST 8

[AKIN]1) . WWW is a collected works of globally distributed text and multimedia documents and files and other network services linked in such a way as to create an immense electronic library from which information can be retrieved quickly by intuitive searches. The Web represents the application of hypertext technology and a graphical interface to the Internet to retrieve information that is contained in specially formatted documents that may reside in the same computer or be distributed across many computers around the world. ________ As it’s name suggests, it is made up of many sites, all linked together, with users travelling from one site to the next by clicking a computer’s pointing device on a hyperlink.[/AKIN]
A) During 1989/90, the WWW is 20 years old and still primarily a network dominated by students and scientists.
B) The World Wide Web exists in 1989 at first only as an idea of a few scientists at the Swiss research institute CERN in Geneva.
C) The result is called the Web.
D) The Internet demonstrates its full potential as a publishing medium, and for the first time, it becomes clear that the WWW is not a toy for nerds but has instead become an effective mass medium.
E) In January 1998, Matt Drudge publishes early reports of Bill Clinton’s adventures with a White House intern at his gossip site, Drudge Report, and sets off a tidal wave of journalistic furore, culminating with the impeachment of the president at the end of the year.

2) . Pancake is thin, flat cake, made of batter and baked on a griddle or fried in a pan. Pancakes, probably the oldest form of bread, are known in different forms throughout the world. _________. Old English batter was mixed with ale. German and French pancakes, leavened toy eggs and much beating, are baked very thin and served with jam or jelly. In the United States pancakes are sometimes called hatter cakes, griddlecakes, or flapjacks and are usually leavened with baking powder or baking soda and are served with syrup.
A) The shell of a Pancake tortoise is very flexible and can be bent and depressed with only mild pressure, allowing the tortoise to squeeze into very tight openings.
B) It seems impossible that the friendly little competition between Liberal and Olney, England, with women running down the streets of each town flipping pancakes, has lasted so long.
C) A Pancake Day History book has been published, and we now have a chronological account of the event since it started.
D) The relative ease of baking on hot stoves or on a griddle has resulted in a variety of pancakes.
E) Pancake tortoises are confined to a small natural range in south-eastern Africa occurring in Kenya and Tanzania.

3) . ________ Zeus ordered Hephaestus to create her as vengeance upon man and his benefactor, Prometheus. The gods endowed her with every charm, together with curiosity and deceit. Zeus sent her as a wife to Epimetheus, Prometheus’ simple brother, and gave her a “box that he forbade her to open. Despite Prometheus’ warnings, Epimetheus allowed her to open the box and let out all the evils that have since afflicted man. Hope alone remained inside the box.
A) Hera’s status as wife and mother also serves as the divine model for the role of women in human marriage.
B) According to Greek mythology, Pandora vas the first woman on earth.
C) Just as the other deities had their own personal foibles, Zeus too had a weakness^- he was passionately fond of female charms’.
D) As the ruler of the Olympian gods, Zeus wielded enormous power and almost absolute authority.
E) She was made in heaven, every god contributing something to perfect her.

4) . Papal election is carried by the college of cardinals meeting in secret conclave in the Sistine Chapel not less than 15 nor more than 18 days after the death of the previous pontiff. The election is by secret ballot; Pius XII fixed the electoral majority at two thirds plus one vote. The election itself confers on the new pope full jurisdiction; no further formality is necessary. The elected pope may decline; if so, the balloting resumes. The secrecy of the conclave is assured by shutting off the cardinals completely from the outside world, and at one time expedition was encouraged by severe restriction of the cardinals’ diet after a few days. ________ Thus, white smoke signifies that a new pope has been chosen.
A) After each session the paper ballots are burned; if the vote is inconclusive straw is added to produce black smoke.
B) The voting procedure itself no longer allows a spontaneous and unanimous vote for one candidate.
C) The right to elect the Roman Pontiff belongs exclusively to the Cardinals of Holy Roman Church, with the exception of those who have reached their eightieth birthday before the day of the Roman Pontiffs death or the day when the Apostolic See becomes vacant.
D) A Cardinal of Holy Roman Church who has been created and published before the College of Cardinals thereby has the right to elect the Pope.
E) If on the other hand a Cardinal elector is constrained to leave Vatican City because of illness, the election can proceed without asking for his vote.

5) . Paper is believed to have been invented by Ts’ai Lun circal05 in China, where it reached an advanced state of development. _________ Papermaking spread to Japan circa 610 and to Samarqand c.751, whence it was introduced by the Arabs into Egypt c.900 and by the Moors into Spain at Jativa c.1150. Mills were established in Italy c.1276; in France, c.1348; in Germany, 1390; and in England, 1495. European paper was usually made of flax and hemp. Primitive bark paper had been made in Mexico and Central America in pre-Columbian times. Paper was first produced in the American colonies in 1690 by William Rittenhouse at Germantown.
A) Early people discovered that they could make simple drawings on the walls of caves, which was a great place for recording thoughts, but wasn’t portable.
B) About 5,000 years ago, Egyptians created “sheets” of papyrus by harvesting, peeling and slicing the plant into strips.
C) Although paper was of fairly high quality now, the only way to reproduce written work was by hand, a painstaking process.
D) Chinese paper was a mixture of bark and hemp.
E) This method of printing in large quantities led to a rapid increase in the demand for paper.

6) . Papyrus is now almost extinct in Egypt but so universally used there in antiquity as to be the hieroglyphic symbol for Lower Egypt and a common motif in art. The roots were used as fuel; the pith was eaten. ________ This writing material, which was also called papyrus, was formed into sheets by laying lengthwise slices of the sedge side by side in two layers at right angles and pressing them together with an adhesive probably composed of their own juices and Nile water. The sheets were glued end to end and rolled on wooden rods to form manuscripts.
A) Only the climate of Egypt and certain parts of Mesopotamia favours the preservation of papyri in the debris of ancient towns and cemeteries.
B) Most Duke papyri were written during the millennium of Greek and Roman control of Egypt, which lasted from the late fourth century BC until the middle of the seventh century AD.
C) The stem was employed for sandals, boats, twine, boxes, mats, sails, cloth and most notably as a writing material.
D) Papyrus texts can be as varied as texts in our twentieth-century culture.
E) The task of the papyrologist is not only to decipher, transcribe and edit what is preserved, but also to reconstruct what is lost between fragments and reconstruct the whole.

7) . Paranoia is a term denoting persistent, unalterable, systematized, logically reasoned delusions, or false beliefs, usually of persecution or grandeur. In the former case the paranoiac creates a complex delusional system that purports to show that people want to hurt him; in the latter, he sees himself as an exalted person with a mission of great importance. ________ The term paranoia was first used by German psychiatrist Karl L. Kahlbaum in 1863. The condition, often known as delusional disorder, is found among individuals suffering from paranoid schizophrenia, paranoid personality disorder, and any of several paranoid disorders.
A) Little research has been done on the role of heredity in causing paranoia.
B) Erotic delusions are based on the belief that one is romantically loved by another, usually someone of higher status or a well-known public figure.
C) Anyone in a new situation-beginning a job or starting a relationship, for example-is cautious and somewhat guarded until he or she learns that the fears are groundless.
D) Paranoia is a term used by mental health specialists to describe suspiciousness (or mistrust) that is either highly exaggerated or not warranted at all.
E) Other types of delusions include somatic delusions, as in the case of hypochondria, and jealous delusions.

8) . Parasite is a plant or an animal that at some stage of its existence obtains its nourishment from another living organism called the host. ________ They include members of many plant and animal groups, and nearly all living things are at some time hosts to parasitic forms. Many bacteria are parasitic on external and internal body surfaces; some of these invade the inner tissues and cause disease. Parasitic plants cause great losses among food crops and trees.
A) Parasites may or may not harm the host, but they never benefit it.
B) Most people make every effort to keep the inside of their houses spotlessly clean.
C) A microscopic parasites can get into your joints and eat the calcium linings of the bone.
D) Ironically, most medical doctors in practice have no idea that this knowledge on parasites applies to their own patients.
E) Unfortunately, most of the health experts and practitioners I have talked to in the last 15 years have never mentioned parasites.

9) . Parcel post is sending of packages through the mail service. At the congress of the Universal Postal Union in Paris in 1878, an international parcel-post system was established. The British parcel-post bill, passed in 1882, put into effect the following year domestic, colonial, and foreign services. ______o For example, the United States entered into conventions with other governments to convey parcels sent into the country but delayed instituting a domestic service until the Parcel Post Act of 1912: A water route for parcel post was started in 1917, and a fleet of trucks was put into operation in the East the next year.
A) The United States Post Office insures domestic mail and international parcel post shipments up to $5000.
B) UPS Logistics Group, a subsidiary of United Parcel Service, is taking the first step towards providing fully automated, self-service parts distribution.
C) Various other countries established such systems.
D) United Parcel Service Inc., is a 93-year-old company whose history spans the bicycle to the Internet.
E) As part of its commitment to education, the UPS Foundation has given special attention to adult and family literacy programs.

10) . Harijans are untouchable individuals who are at the bottom of or outside the Hindu caste system in India. They were traditionally sweepers, washers of clothes, leatherworkers, and those whose occupation was to kill animals. __________ Originally called untouchables or pariahs, they were given the name Harijans by the Indian political and religious leader Mahatma Gandhi, who worked for many years to improve their lives.
A) As new economy and skills came into the picture, the castes, or varnas, were divided again and again.
B) The term is also sometimes applied to the hill tribes of India, who are considered unclean by some because they eat beef.
C) The caste law was abolished in 1949, but it still remains a significant part of the Indian world.
D) The Brahmins, the highest level of castes, were the priests and the educated ones.
E) With this law in order, higher caste members were able to conquer the lands of the lower caste members.

11) . Paris is the centre of many major newspapers and periodicals, as well as all the major French radio and television stations. Elegant stores and hotels, lavish nightclubs, theatres, and gourmet restaurants help make tourism the biggest industry in Paris. Heavy industry, notably automobile manufacture, is located in the suburbs. About one quarter of the French labour force is concentrated in the Paris area.
A) Other leading industries manufacture luxury articles, high-fashion clothing, perfume, and jewellery.
B) The Eiffel Tower with its 3 floors, is 317 meters high and carries the capital’s radio and television transmitters.
C) The Cafe de la Paix is one of Paris’ most famous.
D) The glamour of the Champs-Elysees, particularly its upper end, may not be quite what it was, dominated as it is by airline offices, car showrooms, and bright, light shopping arcades.
E) Notre-Dame is now viewed as one of the key defining examples of the style which was to become known as lie-de-France Gothic, by the early nineteenth century few Parisians valued their medieval past very highly.

12) . ________ The type of abacus now best known is represented by a frame with sliding counters. An elementary abacus might have ten parallel wires strung between two boards on a frame, with nine beads on each wire. Each bead on a given wire has the same value: either ten or some multiple or submultiples of ten. For example, all of the beads on a particular wire may have a value of 1, making this the units wire, or 10, making this wire the tens wire. Numbers are represented and added together on the abacus by grouping beads together.
A) In certain Asian communities, abacuses are still being used to calculate invoices.
B) Abacus is a simple device for performing arithmetic calculations
C) Calculations are performed by placing the abacus flat on a table or one’s lap and manipulating the beads with the fingers of one hand.
D) Proper finger technique is paramount in achieving proficiency on the abacus.
E) The use of the abacus is still taught in Asian schools; in the West, unfortunately, it is less so.

13) . Economic planning requires control and direction of economic activity by a central public authority. In its modern usage, economic planning tends to be pitted against the laissez-faire philosophy that developed in the 18th century. ______ . The contemporary economic model of rational expectations offers perhaps the strongest critique of economic planning in its assertion that economic forecasting, both by individuals and competing businesses, is generally rational. In this model, government control of economic policy can only lead to complication, since any change instituted by central authorities has already been anticipated by the market.
A) Laissez faire philosophy and the principles of market economy differ from each other fundamentally as far as the expectations from government control is concerned.
B) One fundamental difference between laissez faire philosophy and economic planning is that the latter one entails little or no intervention from the central authority.
C) Application of the principles of laissez faire philosophy should always be strictly controlled by the government.
D) Because laissez faire economy requires direct and total interference from a public authority.
E) Proponents of laissez faire believed that an economy works best when there is little government interference.

14) . Juvenile delinquency is a legal term for behaviour of children and adolescents that in adults would be judged criminal under law. In the United States, definitions and age limits of juveniles vary, the maximum age being set at 14 years in some states and as high as 21 years in others! ______. A high proportion of adult criminals have a background of early delinquency. Theft is the most common offence by children; more serious property crimes and rape are most frequently committed in later youth.
A) Variations in the application of the judicial regulations across the states in the US lead a confusion in the interpretation of the criminal behaviour of the young.
B) Although some behaviours of young people of Anglo-Saxon origin are considered juvenile delinquency, very same actions of the young of Afro-American origin are taken as criminal behaviours.
C) Many amendments on the US constitution carried out by the senate gave it the present form.
D) The 16- to 20-year age group, considered adult in many places, has one of the highest incidences of serious crime.
E) The violence illustrated on the mass media is another crucial factor in juvenile delinquency
15) . Crucifixion is hanging on a cross, which is used in ancient times a method of capital punishment. It was practiced widely in the Middle East but not by the Greeks. The Romans, who may have borrowed it from Carthage, reserved it for slaves and despised malefactors. _____. Crucifixion was probably at first a modification of hanging on a tree or impaling on a pole.
A) They used it frequently, as in the civil wars and in putting down the Jewish opposition.
B) Therefore, the Crucifixion of Jesus have been depicted by numerous artists throughout the ages.
C) According to the Christian faith, Jesus resurrected after the crucifixion, and was taken to the heaven.
D) Crucifixion was banned in Europe as a capital punishment after Christianity.
E) Crucifixion was applied by Greek warriors in the West Trace for the very first time.

16) . Microwave ovens use microwaves to rapidly cook food. _____. A special electron tube called a magnetron produces the microwaves. Typical output power for consumer devices ranges from 350 to 900 watts. To ensure even heating, the magnetron directs its waves at a rotating metal disk with offset vans, which scatters the waves through the oven cavity. Additionally, a rotating platform for the food is sometimes used. Power settings cycle
the constant-output magnetron on and off for varying lengths of time.
A) Microwave technology has been utilized in both communication and electronics.
B) The microwaves cause water molecules in the food to vibrate, producing heat, which is distributed through the food by induction.
C) These type ovens are widely used in restaurants, especially in Chinese eateries, to cook the food faster.
D) Although they consume more electricity than regular ovens, they are preferred by many.
E) Some claim that microwaves might be hazardous for health especially when the door of the oven is not shielded.

17) . ______ . It may be preceded by flashes or spots before the eyes or a ringing in the ears, and accompanied by double vision, nausea, omitting, or dizziness. The attacks vary in frequency from daily occurrences to one every few years. Migraine affects women three times as often as men and is frequently inherited. Many disturbances, such as allergy, temporary swelling of the brain, and endocrine disturbances, lave been suspected of causing some varieties of the disorder.
A) For some women, oral contraceptives appear to be the trigger factor for migraine.
B) As you come to recognize the early warning signs of migraine, you may be able to prevent it.
C) Although migraine headaches cause considerable pain and suffering, they are not dangerous.
D) Treatment for migraine may be with painkillers such as acetaminophen, which narrow the blood vessels.
E) Migraine is a type of headache characterized by recurrent attacks of severe pain, usually on one side of the head.

18) . Pidgin is a form of language that is not the mother tongue of anyone using it and that has a simplified grammar and a restricted, often polyglot vocabulary. The earliest documented pidgin is the Lingua Franca that developed among merchants and traders in the Mediterranean in the Middle Ages; it remained in use through the 19th century. ______. An example is the variety of Pidgin English that resulted from contacts between English traders and the Chinese in Chinese ports.
A) Pidgin was long neglected by linguists, because it was not regarded as real language, but its study is currently regarded as significant for sociolinguistics as well as the study of such languages as English.
B) Other known pidgins have been employed in different regions since the 17th cent.
C) Pidgin, for example Spanish pidgin, is a marginal language which arises to fulfil certain restricted communicative functions among groups with no common language.
D) Pidgins can be classified into four according to their development: jargon, stable pidgin, extended pidgin, and Creole.
E) Because they lack redundancy, pidgins depend heavily on context for their interpretation.

19) . Ebola virus, named for the region in Congo where it was first identified in 1976, emerged from the rain forest, where it survives in an as yet unknown host. Once a person is infected with the virus, the disease has an incubation period of 2-21 days; however, some infected persons are asymptomatic. Initial symptoms are sudden malaise, headache, and muscle pain, progressing to high fever, vomiting, severe haemorrhaging and in 50-90% of patients, death, usually within days. The likelihood of death is governed by the virulence of the particular Ebola strain involved. Ebola virus is transmitted in body fluids and secretions; there is no evidence of transmission by casual contact. ____________ .
A) Its contribution to the medical literature is not comparable.
B) There is no vaccine and no cure.
C) Medical scientists claim that the disease is a result of common cold.
D) Medical labs ceased conducting experiments on Ebola except the ones in Congo.
E) Ebola-diagnosed patients are only cured in specialized hospitals in Congo.

20) ________ Adoption was recognized by Greek law but not by common law. Statutes first introduced adoption into U.S. law in the mid-20th century, and today it is allowed in all states of the United States and in Great Britain. Adoption is generally a judicial proceeding, requiring a hearing before a judge. Adoption statutes usually provide that the consent of the parents or guardian of the child-and that of the child, if above a certain age-must be obtained.
A) Lawyers usually have difficult times in adapting themselves to the changes in the adoption law.
B) Adaptation to a new environment might be stressful for timid people.
C) Adoption is an act by which the legal relation of parent and child is created.
D) Adoption might cause some inevitable inner conflicts.
E) Adaptation process for new immigrants is getting longer due to the recent immigration law.

21) Anaemia is a situation in which the concentration of haemoglobin in the circulating blood is below normal. Such a condition is caused by a deficient number of erythrocytes (red blood cells), an abnormally low level of haemoglobin in the individual cells, or both these conditions simultaneously. ________ These symptoms consist of pallor of the skin and mucous membranes, weakness, dizziness, easy fatigability, and drowsiness. Severe cases show difficulty in breathing, heart abnormalities, and digestive complaints.
A) Regardless of the cause, all types of anaemia cause similar signs and symptoms because of the blood’s reduced capacity to carry oxygen.
B) Anaemia has been the most contagious disease for ages.
C) Doctors ceased conducting experiments on patients for some time.
D) Anaemia-diagnosed patients should be isolated in specially insulated wards.
E) Doctors receive a special training for the treatment of Anaemia-diagnosed patients.

22) _________ Recent experimenters with laughing gas were Sir Humphrey Davy of England and Horace Wells of the United States. Ether came into general use after a demonstration at the Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston by William T. G. Morton in 1846. General anaesthetics, administered by inhalation or intravenous injection, cause unconsciousness as well as insensibility to pain, and are used for major surgical procedures. In the past, ether was the most commonly used general anaesthetic.
A) Some exotic plants are believed to have anaesthetic effects on human beings.
B) Anaesthesia is an ancient technique applied in the mummification process.
C) Anaesthesia can always be practiced by laymen.
D) Anaesthesia is a technique utilized by sorcerers only.
E) Anaesthesia is loss of sensation, especially that of pain, induced by drugs.

23) Anglican Community is the body of churches in all parts of the earth that are in communion with the Church of England. The communion consists of regional churches, provinces, and separate dioceses bound together by mutual loyalty as expressed in the Lambeth Conference of 1930. There are 38 self-governing churches in the Anglican household, including the Episcopal Church in the United States, the Scottish Episcopal Church, the Church in Wales, the Church of Ireland, and the Nippon Sei Ko . There are separate dioceses in Jerusalem and Egypt. In the late 20th century, the communion experienced tremendous growth in Africa.
A) African people are believed to be deists.
B) There are nearly 77 million members worldwide now.
C) The number of the members of African-Anglican Community is diminishing.
D) The decreasing interest in Anglican Community in Africa surprised the Church of England.
E) The Church of England ceased its functions in Africa.

24) Anglo-Saxon is the name given to the Germanic-speaking peoples who settled in England after the decline of Roman rule there. ________ The Angles seem to have come from what is now Schles in the later decades of the 5th cent. Their settlements in the eastern, central, and northern portions of the country were the foundations for the later kingdoms known as East Anglia, Merci, and Northum. The Saxons, a Germanic tribe who had been continental neighbours of the Angles, also settled in England in the late 5th century after earlier marauding forays there. The later kingdoms of Sussex, Wesse, and Essex were the outgrowths of their settlements.
A) The historical linguists have been studying their language for years.
B) They are famous for their contributions to English language.
C) Although they live in England, their native land is Germany.
D) They were first invited by the Celtic King Vortige, who needed help fighting the Pict and Scots.
E) They, as an ethnic minority, suffered a lot.

25) Black Shirts is the colloquial term originally used to refer to the members of the Fasci compartment, units of the Fascist organization founded in Italy in March 1919, by Benito Mussolini. ________ The Black Shirts were mainly discontented ex-soldiers. They posed as champions of law and order and violently attacked Communists, socialists, and other radical and progressive groups. They broke up strikes, destroyed trade union headquarters, and drove socialist and Communist officials from office. In October, 1922, their activities culminated in the famous march on Rome, which brought Mussolini to power. Afterward, while the term “Black Shirts” continued to be used to refer to party militants in general, the name Fasci compartment designated the local party units.
A) They are trained to protect the nation against fascist regime.
B) They are specially trained ex-soldiers.
C) They are among the elite force of the Italian militia.
D) A black shirt was the most distinctive part of their uniform.
E) Black shirt has been a part of their commando uniform since the administration of Mussolini.

Cevabı Göster
TEST 1 TEST 2 TEST 3 TEST 4 TEST 5 TEST 6 TEST 7 TEST 8
1 C 1 E 1 A 1 A 1 B 1 B 1 C 1 C
2 A 2 C 2 E 2 E 2 D 2 D 2 B 2 D
3 C 3 B 3 B 3 C 3 E 3 E 3 B 3 B
4 D 4 D 4 A 4 D 4 A 4 A 4 B 4 A
5 A 5 E 5 D 5 A 5 B 5 B 5 D 5 D
6 D 6 E 6 E 6 B 6 A 6 A 6 A 6 C
7 B 7 D 7 C 7 A 7 C 7 C 7 C 7 E
8 B 8 B 8 A 8 B 8 A 8 A 8 A 8 A
9 A 9 A 9 B 9 D 9 E 9 E 9 D 9 C
10 C 10 C 10 C 10 E 10 C 10 C 10 E 10 B
11 A 11 B 11 B 11 C 11 C 11 C 11 C 11 A
12 B 12 E 12 E 12 A 12 B 12 B 12 A 12 B
13 E 13 D 13 C 13 E 13 B 13 B 13 B 13 E
14 D 14 E 14 E 14 B 14 E 14 E 14 D 14 D
15 E 15 C 15 C 15 B 15 D 15 D 15 D 15 A
16 D 16 D 16 D 16 E 16 B 16 B 16 D 16 B
17 B 17 A 17 A 17 D 17 A 17 A 17 B 17 E
18 A 18 B 18 B 18 E 18 E 18 E 18 B 18 B
19 E 19 B 19 D 19 E 19 B 19 B 19 A 19 B
20 B 20 D 20 C 20 B 20 D 20 D 20 C 20 C
21 C 21 A 21 D 21 A 21 E 21 E 21 E 21 A
22 A 22 B 22 E 22 B 22 B 22 B 22 A 22 E
23 B 23 E 23 E 23 E 23 D 23 D 23 A 23 B
24 C 24 D 24 E 24 D 24 E 24 E 24 E 24 D
25 A 25 B 25 A 25 B 25 A 25 A 25 A 25 D

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