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Paragraf Tamamlama Test 9


 1) Vast amounts of lead are required to create the batteries needed to power huge numbers of electric cars. American researchers have suggested that emissions from mining, smelting and the recycling of this lead would expose thousands of people living or working close to production sites to near toxic levels of lead. _____.
A) It is the insidious nature of air pollution and the inability of researchers to eliminate other factors and prove that the toxic cocktail of chemicals in our air is a direct health risk, which has led to muddled action by governments, worldwide.
B) Traditional lead-acid batteries appear to have the highest efficiency rates, but lead is one of the world’s deadliest pollutants.
C) If only five per cent of America’s 200 million vehicles were powered by lead-based batteries, an extra 21,000 tons of lead would be released into the environment annually.
D) The more high-tech combinations, like nickel cadmium, lithium polymer, sodium sulphur or zinc-air present environmental spillage problems, not to mention their high costs.
E) The two per cent scheme will not effectively control pollution because it only transfers it from the car to the power station.

2) Black Spider is poisonous spider of the genus Latrodec, found throughout North and South America and common in the southwest United States. The name derives from the fact that the female, like those of many other spider species, may eat the male after mating. The adult is black with a red or reddish-orange hourglass-shaped marking on the lower abdominal surface. The female is somewhat less than 1.5 cm long, and the male is much smaller. ________. Occasional fatal cases, which result from respiratory paralysis, are usually limited to children.
A) Their bites are extremely dangerous and fatal even for adults.
B) It’s bright colour easily let us know whether a spider is fatal.
C) It’s almost impossible to guess what a Black Spider might cause when it bites animals.
D) Since the male Black Spider is longer, it can reach everywhere.
E) The bite venom is a neurotoxin and may cause a severe reaction with intense local pain that spreads to other parts of the body.

3) Blood pressure is the force exerted by the blood upon the walls of the arteries. The pressure in the arteries originates in the pumping action of the heart, and pressure waves can be felt at the wrist and at other points where arteries lie near the surface of the body. Since the heart can pump blood into the large arteries more quickly than it can be absorbed and released by the tiny arterioles and capillaries, considerable inner pressure always exists in the arteries. The contraction of the heart causes the blood pressure to rise to its highest point, and relaxation of the heart brings the pressure down to its lowest point. ________ It diminishes progressively in the smaller blood vessels and reaches its lowest point in the veins
A) Blood pressure is strongest in the aorta, where the blood leaves the heart.
B) This contraction is a vital process for the body.
C) High blood pressure is a serious problem especially for elder people.
D) Low blood pressure is as dangerous as high blood pressure for both and young people.
E) Blood veins have no function as far as the blood pressure is concerned.

4) . Blueprint is a white-on-blue photographic print, commonly of a working drawing used during building or manufacturing. The plan is first drawn to scale on a special paper or tracing cloth through which light can penetrate. The drawing is then placed over blueprint paper, prepared with a mixture of potassium fericcanade and ammonium ferric citrate. When the attached drawing and the blueprint paper are exposed to a strong light, the unprotected ferric salt not lying beneath the lines of the drawing is changed to a ferrous salt that reacts with the fericcanade to form Turnbull’s blue. ________, The ferric salt under the lines of the drawing, protected from the light, remains and is dissolved during the washing in water that follows exposure. As a result, the lines of the original drawing appear white in the finished blueprint.
A) Strong light might spoil the blueprint, so it should be kept in dark.
B) Blueprint is widely utilized in architecture, engineering, and art.
C) This blue is the background of the finished print.
D) In order to avoid strong light, all the process is carried out in carefully designed dark rooms.
E) Preparing blueprints entails a know-how in this domain.

5) . Bolshevik Ballet is one of the principal ballet companies of Russia. It is a part of the Bolshevik Theatre, which also includes Russia’s premier opera company. ________ The Bolshevik Theatre, which opened permanently in 1856, in its early decades competed for pre-eminence with the Melinsky Theatre of St. Petersburg. Alexander Gorsky revitalized the dance company in the early 20th century and introduced a new dramatic realism to the classical ballets. Igor Molanev experimented with folk-dance ballets at the Bolshevik in the 1930s. The company is internationally acclaimed for its superb ensemble skills and for the spectacular realism of its scenery and costumes.
A) Its performances are only held in the royal palace located in St. Petersburg.
B) The costumes of the Bolshevik Ballet have been prepared by French fashion designers for years.
C) The Bolshevik Ballet plays only for the Russian royal family.
D) It is famous for its performances held in Broadway, New York
E) The Bolshevik Ballet began as a dancing school for the Moscow Orphanage in 1773.

6) . Elongation is the angular distance between two points in the sky as measured from a third point. ________ When a planet lies on the line drawn from the earth to the sun, its elongation is 0° and is said to be in conjunction. When a planet’s elongation is 90°, it is in quadrate. When its elongation is 180°, it is in opposition. Elongation is measured east or west from the sun. The superior planets can have elongations between 0° and 180°; the elongations of the inferior planets are limited by their proximity to the sun. The greatest elongation of Mercury is 28°, and of Venus, 47°.
A) Superior planet is the one whose orbit lies outside that of the earth.
B) For instance, if the reference point is the earth and the sun is one of the bodies, a planet is in quadrate when its elongation is 90°.
C) The elongation of a planet is usually measured as the angular distance from the sun to the planet as measured from the earth.
D) As viewed from the earth, the half-moon is in quadrate to the sun.
E) The inferior planets (Mercury and Venus) never reach quadrate.

7) . One of the largest of the border cities. El Paso is a blend of the United States and Mexico. Its history closely linked to that of Juarez. In the 16th and 17th century, missionaries, soldiers, and traders came here. Although missions were founded at Ysleta and elsewhere north of the river, the major settlement was on the south bank.________
A) As a result of the settlement in 1967 of the Chamizal border dispute, a small area of El Paso was transferred to Mexico.
B) Ysleta del Sur Pueblo was established in 1681 by refugees from a bloody American Indian uprising that expelled Spanish and Christian Indians from present New Mexico.
C) Because of the infrequent rains in El Paso, water is stored in natural rock basins. 26 miles east of El Paso.
D) Dioramas depict ancient American Indian Tribes of the Southwest.
E) Chamizal National Memorial in El Paso cites the amicable settlement made between the US and Mexico over the long-standing border dispute.
8) . E-mail is the electronic transmission of messages and documents. ________ It is commonly thought of, however, in terms of computer-based message systems where the electronic text file that is received can be edited, replied to, excerpted, or even pasted into another electronic document that can be used or manipulated by a word processor, desktop publishing system, or other computer program.
A) For example, extensions to e-mail allow the user to add graphics and sound to messages.
B) In its broadest sense electronic mail includes point-to-point services such as telegraph and facsimile systems.
C) Users of such systems can broadcast messages to multiple recipients, read and discard messages, file and retrieve messages, or forward messages to other users.
D) Often there are several stages in the development of an e-mail relationship.
E) Each of these moves towards becoming more real to the e-mail partner is a significant turning point in the relationship.

9) . Desktop publishing is a system for producing printed materials. ________ It has a computer program that allows the user to choose from a variety of type fonts and sizes, column justifications, page layouts, and graphics libraries. It also includes support for document creation and editing. Desktop publishing enables a small business or an individual to produce professional-quality materials on the premises inexpensively and quickly without the need for outside typesetting or printing facilities.
A) Prepress Graphic Professionals provides client specific project solutions for customers in the print and internet markets
B) Computerfield Computer Institute offers information about computer courses including desktop and web publishing, design and programming.
C) As long as there are designers, printers, newbies, or veterans who have a question on a new desktop publishing technology, we will continue to be the source for you to come to.
D) The Cleveland Desktop Publishing Users Group is a non-profit organization that was founded to provide educational information about desktop publishing.
E) Such a system consists of a personal computer or computer workstation, and a high-resolution printer.

10) . Until the 16th century any formal communication or negotiation among nations was conducted either by means of ambassadors specially appointed for a particular mission or by direct correspondence among heads of states. This procedure was not always satisfactory. ________ . One of the first powers to do this was Venice, which in 1596 appointed two merchants as representatives in London because the journey to England was very long and very dangerous. Other countries later followed suit.
A) Embassy processing is the procedure whereby you go to the appropriate United States Consulate to get your applications processed for either your Lawful Permanent Residence or for a myriad of different types of work permits.
B) For this reason, by the mid-17th century several countries had established permanent representatives in foreign states.
C) One of our immigration attorneys who is familiar with embassy practice can accompany you to the interview and help with every aspect of the interview.
D) There are numerous immigration laws that could result in the denial of this visa if not properly prepared.
E) If the petition is put together correctly and professionally by a qualified immigration law firm, the chances of approval is greatly increased.

11) . In the 19th century there have been numerous meetings of heads of state and foreign ministers and various types of international conferences. ________. Moreover, some claim that modern communications have also changed diplomacy greatly by removing whatever autonomy diplomats may once have had in making policy decisions. The possibility of telephone or other direct contact with a superior has allegedly reduced diplomats to quasi-messengers. Even if this may appear true, diplomats continue to serve as expert advisers. Although they are not empowered to make final decisions, they greatly influence the decision-making process.
A) All these have tended to lessen the traditional diplomatic function.
B) Foreign Ministers of the G7 and the representative of the European Commission met in London on 8 May, as a part of the preparations for the Birmingham Summit, 15-17 May.
C) Foreign Ministers of these nations reviewed recent developments in the world economy.
D) Foreign Minister of the United States also noted that the United States economy required vigilance to stay on a sustainable path.
E) Some foreign ministers states that globalization brings clear benefits to people throughout the world but it also brings certain risks.

12) . Embezzlement is the wrongful use, for one’s own selfish ends, of the property of another when that property has been legally entrusted to one. Such an act was not larceny at common law because larceny was committed only when property was acquired by a “felonious taking.” ____________As a consequence of this, unfaithful servants, employees, agents, trustees, or guardians who misappropriated another’s property could be sued only in the civil courts. It is because although the defendant had legally come into possession of the property, he had breached his trust by wrongfully misappropriating it to his own use.
A) Consequences for the conviction of embezzlement may potentially include imprisonment, probation or parole, and loss of right to be bonded.
B) In other words, it was considered larceny when the act was committed with respect to property that was at the time in the legal possession of the owner.
C) Defences of Embezzlement may potentially include insufficient evidence, factual innocence, and true owner.
D) This statement is intended to give you a very general understanding of what is involved in embezzlement.
E) Forgery is the crime of creating a false document, altering a document, or writing a false signature for the illegal benefit of the person making the forgery.

13) . _________ Impact printers use a mechanical hammering device to produce each character. A formed character printer forces metal or plastic characters against an inked ribbon to produce a sharp image on paper; the characters may be on a moving bar, a rapidly rotating chain, a routable ball, or wheel spokes. A dot matrix printer uses a matrix of tiny pegs that, when hit from behind against a ribbon, impart a set of dots to form a character on the paper; a wide variety of characters and graphics is created using different dot combinations. Although noisy, impact printers can produce multiple copies of business forms simultaneously using carbon or carbonless techniques.
A) The story of print is a long and complex one. ,
B) In 1980, IBM introduced the IBM 4800 laser printer, capable of printing 25,000 lines per minute.
C) Hewlett-Packard began shipping the HP LaserJet 6 line of laser printers in 1998.
D) Some historians suggest that print was instrumental in bringing about all the major shifts in science, religion.
E) Printer is a computer output device that reproduces data on paper or another medium.

14) . _________ In its widest explanation, the embryo is the young from the moment of fertilization until it has become structurally complete and able to survive as separate organism. As an embryo, , the young animal may undergo metamorphosis or may remain wholly dependent on the mother for some time after birth. Since the seedling derives nourishment from food stored in its fleshy cotyledons even after it has sprouted, the exact limit of the time during which an organism is an embryo has not generally been well defined.
A) Embryo is the name for the developing young of an animal or plant.
B) The first successful Embryo Transfer took place in England in the 1890’s by a fellow named Walter Heap whose subjects were rabbits.
C) Embryology deals with the period from fertilization until the hatching or birth of an animal or the germination of a plant.
D) Embryo Transfer is basically, multiple injections of hormone to stimulate and multiply the ovulations in the cow that you want to get the embryos.
E) Farmers can use their best bulls over their best cow or heifer and get a good calf whereas now the farmer can run an embryo program and possibly get a life times’ production with one flush.

15) . Computer is a device capable of performing a series of arithmetic or logical operations. A computer is distinguished from a calculating machine, such as an electronic calculator, by being able to store a computer program, by the number and complexity of the operations it can perform, and by its ability to process, store, and retrieve data without human intervention. Computers developed along two separate engineering paths, producing two distinct types of computer-analog and digital. ________
A) Computer historians tend to be computer adepts – which has made the Web into one of the richest available resources for computer history.
B) Dr. Douglas Engel, titan of human-computer interaction and the inventor of the mouse, has received the third annual Lemel-MIT Prize for American Innovation, which includes an award of US$500,000.
C) An analog computer operates on continuously varying data; a digital computer performs operations on discrete data.
D) In 1965, three years before Intel was founded, Gordon Moore noticed that computer microchip capacity seemed to double every 18 to 24 months.
E) The 1997 Vintage Computer Festival, celebrating the twentieth anniversary of the good old Apple Ü, was held in Pleasanton CA on Saturday.

16) . ________ This event involves the union of two unlike sex cells, the sperm and the ovum, followed by the joining of their nuclei. In the flowers of higher plants, the process occurs after pollination has enabled the sperm to contact the egg cell in the plant’s ovary. In lower plants and in animals the sperm is actively motile and swims to the egg through an external aqueous medium or through a fluid environment within the reproductive tract of the female. The fundamental principle of fertilization is the same in all organisms.
A) If you have only one testis, your sexual performance or ability to have children will not be affected as long as the other testis is healthy.
B) Infertility is a disease of the reproductive system that affects the male or female with almost equal frequency.
C) Fertilization is a process in the reproduction of both plants and animals.
D) Many fertilizer products are available to provide trees with the appropriate nutrients.
E) Inorganic fertilizers are usually highly soluble and are more rapidly available to the plant than organic fertilizers.

17) . Within the biosphere-the total expanse of water, land, and atmosphere able to sustain life-the basic ecological unit is the ecosystem._______. Each ecosystem consists of a community of plants and animals in an environment that supplies them with raw materials for life, i.e., chemical elements and water. The ecosystem is delimited by the climate, altitude, water and soil characteristics, and other physical conditions of the environment.
A) An ecosystem may be as small as a tidal pool or a rotting log or as large as an ocean or a continent-spanning forest.
B) Unfortunately, human beings have gradually been destroying the ecosystem they live in.
C) Ecosystem has been irreparably damaged by the hole in the Ozone layer.
D) Earth watch , a non-profit environmental organization, has been founded to save our ecosystem on the planet Earth.
E) Unfortunately, non-governmental environmental organizations (NGOs) do not receive any financial support to save the ecosystem from the governments in many countries.

18) . E-commerce is a developing type of commerce conducted over the Internet, most often via the World Wide Web. E-commerce can apply to purchases made through the Web or to business-to-business activities such as inventory transfers. A customer can order items from a vendor’s Web site, paying with a credit card or with a previously established cyber cash- account. ________. Personal and account information is kept confidential through the use of secured transactions that use encryption technology.
A) Many people are still sceptical about the E-commerce.
B) The transaction information is transmitted to a financial institution for payment clearance and to the vendor for order fulfilment.
C) E-commerce has gained a great popularity in the world because it is very practical.
D) E-commerce is a result of the development of the electronic products enabling electronic transmission.
E) E-commerce has been criticized by economists all over the world.

19) . Senior research officer of the China Federation of Youth Groups Pang Kin -fu suspects teenage pregnancy is on the rise. ______. One quarter said they consented to sex after repeated requests from their boyfriends. And more than half didn’t use any contraception due to their partner’s objection, lack of knowledge or motivation to take chances.
A) It is unknown how many have obtained abortions there.
B) Teenagers are very curious about sex, but they are under-educated in the area,” says Kwok.
C) Traditional gender differences are similarly reflected in males and females attitude towards sex.
D) The youth group also found eight of the 25 girls interviewed were only 14 when they became pregnant.
E) In its First mini-survey of its kind, the Federation interviewed 25 young women, aged from 13 to 20, between December and March this year, who became pregnant in their teens.

20) . A total solar eclipse can occur only when the moon is in Its new phase.________ At the onset of totality, parts of the sun may be seen shining brightly between the high points of the moon’s irregular edge, a phenomenon known as Bail’s beads; the disk of the moon appears black and is surrounded by the sun’s corona, out of which shoot immense, flame like spurts called prominences. The sky darkens to twilight, the brightest stars become visible, and there is a noticeable drop in temperature. Bail’s beads are seen again as the sun reappears and the sky grows lighter.
A) Therefore, solar eclipse had been considered as the curse of deities by primitive tribes before it was explained by Egyptian astrologists.
B) For this reason, total eclipse can only be observed using specially designed sunglasses or it might cause total or partial blindness.
C) At this time, ancient Egyptians used to believe that Ra, the deity of sun, calls for sacrifice for their sins.
D) At this time the moon is between the sun and the earth and cannot be seen until it moves across the sun’s disk.
E) Because of this, many observatories were built all over the world to predict the catastrophes.

21) -Children with specific health conditions have more and more opportunities to have fun at camps designed for their needs. Campers can enjoy canoeing, crafts and drama while medical staff and services are available at all times. Space may be limited, so families should book early. _____.
A) Since camps may be offered in certain locations only, travel may be required.
B) These camps are usually dangerous for small kids.
C) Campers should leave nothing but their footprints.
D) Campers should take nothing but photographs
E) The camp doctors are real experts in their areas.

22) . ______. A day devoted to the celebration of motherhood is a wonderful idea – a day when we can let mothers know how much we appreciate them. But the pressure of finding the perfect Mother’s Day gift leaves many of us in a panic.
A) These days are expected to be cooler than usual.
B) At the Christmas time, shops are full of gifts.
C) We all love our mothers.
D) During the Mothers’ Day, children should do what their mothers ask.
E) Mothers’ Day has a long tradition.

23) . To get yourself going, you must conclude that the advantages of exercise far outweigh the disadvantages. _____ Here are a few of the dozens of reasons you could put in the pro column: exercise reduces your risk of developing heart disease; it helps you manage stress; it increases your ability to withstand cold and resist upper-respiratory infections; and, as if that’s not enough, a recent study on sedentary men shows that exercise enhanced their sexual desire, performance and satisfaction.
A) Exercise can be harmful for the ones who have heart problems.
B) A healthy diet can easily replace exercise.
C) Exercise should be done under the supervision of an expert.
D) Draw up a balance sheet, listing both the pros and cons of exercise.
E) In cold weathers, exercise will save you.

24) . The festival has its origins in the middle ages and the race has been run every July 2nd and August 16th for at least 600 years. ______. These contrade are represented by a symbol. There is much more to the festival than the race itself, though-feasting, the blessing of the horse inside the contrade’s church, elaborate parades, music and medieval costumes are all elements that add to it’s complexity.
A) Festivals are supported locally.
B) These fests are usually organized between rival groups.
C) People are rather enthusiastic for these events
D) These kinds of festivals are quite common in the cultures.
E) The festival has a complicated structure-the horse race is a competition between seventeen neighbourhoods or contrade.

25) . Obsidian is a magazine about folklore and magic. It applies the lore of the ancients to the modern search for meaning in a technological world. Whether that meaning is reflected in the roots of things, in wisdom and knowledge, in myth and legend, or in moonlit mystery, you will find it here. ______.
A) Each idea-filled issue focuses on a particular area of knowledge and lore.
B) Magazines are popular readings among young people.
C) Mystery is in human nature.
D) Some people never read newspapers but magazines.
E) The circulation of such magazines is rather high.

Cevabı Göster
1 C 1 B 1 D 1 A 1 D 1 B 1 B 1 D
2 E 2 C 2 C 2 D 2 B 2 E 2 C 2 E
3 A 3 D 3 C 3 B 3 D 3 C 3 C 3 A
4 C 4 C 4 C 4 C 4 D 4 C 4 C 4 C
5 E 5 D 5 C 5 A 5 C 5 A 5 C 5 E
6 C 6 B 6 A 6 B 6 D 6 D 6 A 6 C
7 A 7 C 7 C 7 C 7 E 7 E 7 A 7 E
8 B 8 E 8 E 8 A 8 D 8 A 8 C 8 A
9 E 9 A 9 E 9 E 9 A 9 A 9 E 9 E
10 B 10 B 10 C 10 E 10 D 10 B 10 A 10 C
11 A 11 D 11 A 11 A 11 B 11 A 11 D 11 D
12 B 12 D 12 B 12 A 12 E 12 B 12 B 12 E
13 E 13 C 13 B 13 A 13 A 13 C 13 C 13 A
14 A 14 C 14 D 14 B 14 B 14 A 14 E 14 C
15 C 15 A 15 A 15 B 15 C 15 E 15 E 15 E
16 C 16 C 16 A 16 B 16 A 16 D 16 D 16 E
17 A 17 B 17 D 17 E 17 A 17 B 17 C 17 E
18 C 18 B 18 E 18 C 18 E 18 E 18 A 18 A
19 E 19 C 19 C 19 C 19 B 19 E 19 E 19 B
20 D 20 B 20 B 20 A 20 A 20 E 20 C 20 A
21 A 21 D 21 B 21 D 21 A 21 A 21 A 21 A
22 C 22 A 22 E 22 C 22 B 22 B 22 D 22 C
23 D 23 D 23 A 23 B 23 E 23 B 23 E 23 B
24 E 24 E 24 B 24 E 24   24 C 24 E 24 B
25 A 25 C 25 C 25 B 25 E 25 C 25 D 25 A

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