The dramatic growth of the world’s population in the twentieth century has been on a scale without parallel in human history. Most of that growth has occurred since 1950 and is known as the population ”explosion”. Between 1950 and 1980 the world population increases from 2.5 to over 4 billion, and by the end of the century that figure will have risen to at least 6 billion. Growth of this size cannot continue indefinitely. Recent forecasts suggest that the total population will level-out at between 10 and 15 billion in the mid twenty-first century. Already there are encouraging signs that the rate of increase in several less developed countries is beginning to slow down.[/AKIN]
Q. According to the given passage above , at no period in human history has there been …….. .
a. so much consensus among nations concerning the population of the world
b. a sharp decline in population like the one since 1980
c. a universal fear about the future of man
d. as comprehensive a study of population problems as the one envisaged now
e. a population explosion of the magnitude of the one in this century
Q It is emphasized in the passage that the increase in the world population …… .
a. is a highly encouraging sign for the general economy
b. is expected to continue even faster until 2050
c. will not continue into the next century
d. has been going on noticeably since 1950
e. has been much faster in the industrialized countries
Q. The passage says that;it has been forecast that, by the middle of the next century ……… .
a. various measures will have been taken to encourage population growth
b. the population growth rate in less developed countries will be much higher than that in previous years
c. the world population will be stabilized at around 10 to 15 billion
d. the rate of increase will still be rising
e. the rate of population increase will have doubled the 1950 rate