| 1. I didn’t want to ………… with Pitt about doing the ironing.
2. The earthquake brought about………… damage but not as much as expected.
3. What appealed most attention in his speech was his ………… to create new job opportunities.
4. Unless you take your medicine regularly……….. that cough of yours will never go.
5. Your bicycle goes much faster than ………… since it’s a lot lighter.
6. A lot of the pictures were really very good, but Julia’s was certainly ………… of all.
c. as good
d. as well
e. the best
7. I had to pay ………… for these clothes than I expected to.
a. the most
b. far more
c. very much
d. too many
8. I don’t think Ken is old ………… to stay at home alone.
9. I can remember the main plot of the book but nearly ………… of the details.
10. Over 45 million people pass ………… Heathrow airport every year and at least 1000 aircrafts land and take off every day.
11. ………… my great surprise, nearly everyone agreed ………… her
a. For / to
b. To / with
c. At / from
d. In / of
e. With / by
12. ………… I meet Tom he grumbles about the neighbors.
13. I’d like to introduce you to Mrs. Trot, ………… husband whom you would work with
14. I may never be able to turn back to Turkey, ………… I want to see as much as possible when I am here.
15. She didn’t mind ………… her new leather jacket wet in the rain.
b. to get
c. in getting
d. to have got
16. As yet I’ve only written half of the report, but I ………… all of it by Saturday.
a. will have finished
b. have finished
e. might have finished
17. I wish I ………… you, but I run out of money myself.
a. have helped
b. can help
c. would help
d. could have helped
18. I hope you ………… the contract and understand what it ………….
a. read / has meant
b. will read / meant
c. have read / means
d. had read / would mean
e. are reading / mean
19. He didn’t settle into the new job ………….
a. which problems could have been avoided
b. if they had offered a higher salary
c. whether he was experienced or not
d. unless he had to work occasionally on a Sunday
e. as quickly as he had expected to
20. Faxing is a means of telecommunications, ………….
a. which worked on a system similar to the telephone system
b. that has developed very quickly over the past few years
c. hence, charges will vary according to the time of the day
d. unless companies were using it in place of telex machines
e. whether or not you state the name of the receiver
21. …………, manufacturers could bring down the prices of their products.
a. Despite careful market research
b. Since companies misjudge the market
c. Knowing how much the public was prepared to pay
d. Instead of spending so much money on advertising
e. Not only must you supply a good product
22. ………… when I retire next year.
a. I expect Robert will take over as chairman
b. The meeting has been put off
c. Many alterations would have taken place
d. I hadn’t decided what to say at the party
e. I would be able to send you the price list
23. If I had known you were coming ………….
a. I can ask John to join us
b. there is a very delicious meal waiting for you
c. I would have arranged to stay at home this evening
d. you won’t need to take a taxi to the station
e. I should have given you my telephone number
24. ………… although the quality of the goods is rather poor.
a. They had left obliged to vote on it
b. The effectiveness of the campaign had been prevented
c. In my view, it was already too late
d. Buyers could not have been found
e. His business is expanding quite fast
25. You should have warned us that she was likely to interfere with our work.
a. Onun işimize karıştığını, her ihtimale karşı bize bildirmeniz gerekirdi.
b. Onun, muhtemelen işimize karışacağı konusunda bizi uyarmanız gerekirdi.
c. Ne olursa olsun, ona işimizle ilgilenmesini söylemeniz gerekirdi.
d. Ne de olsa, onun işimize el atması gerektiğini bize açıklamanız gerekirdi.
e. Her şeye rağmen, onun işimize karışmasının mümkün olmadığını bildirmeniz gerekiyordu.
26. He complains continuously, but nobody takes him seriously.
a. Surekli, kimsenin onu ciddiye almadığından şikayet ediyor.
b. Sürekli dert yanıyor, ama hiç kimse onun ciddi olduğuna inanmıyor.
c. Durmadan şikayet ediyor, ama kimse onu ciddiye almıyor.
d. Kimse onun ciddi olduğuna inanmasa da o, şikayet etmekten hiç vazgeçmiyor.
e. Ne kadar şikayet ederse etsin, kimse onun söylediklerini gerçek kabul etmiyor.
27. The sales campaign was so successful that the profits for the year virtually doubled.
a. Kampanya öylesine başarılıydı ki yıl içinde satışlardan sağlanan kâr hızla arttı.
b. Satış kampanyası o kadar başarılıydı ki yıllık kâr neredeyse iki katına çıktı.
c. O kadar başarılı bir kampanya düzenledik ki yıllık satış kârımız kat kat arttı.
d. Satış kampanyasında öylesine başarılıydık ki bu yilki kârımız beklenenden yüksek oldu.
e. Kampanyalı satışlarda öylesine başarı elde ettik ki yıl içi kharımız kat kat yükseldi.
28. We are advised to visit Fethiye early in the day before it got too hot.
a. Fethiye’yi, sıcak bastırmadan, gündüz erken gezmemiz tavsiye edildi.
b. Fethiye’yi gezmek için, hava ısınmadan gündüz erkenden yola çıkmamız önerildi.
c. Fethiye’yi, bize önerildiği gibi gündüz sıcağı başlamadan erkenden gezdik.
d. Sıcak bastırmadan Fethiye’yi gezebilmek için sabah erken haraket etmemiz istendi.
e. Bize Fethiy’ye erken giderek sıcak bastırmadan dönmemiz söylenmişti.
29. He was content with the hotel we found for him since it was clean and quiet.
a. Ona bulduğumuz otel o kadar temiz ve sakindi ki memnun kaldığını birkaç kez söyledi.
b. Kendisine temiz ve sakin bir otel bulamayacağız diye kaygılanıyordu.
c. Bulduğumuz otel sakin ve temiz olduğu için orda kalmayı memnunişetle kabul etti.
d. Kendisi için bulduğumuz otelden, temiz ve sakin olması nedeniyle memnun kaldı.
e. Onu memnun edebilmek için çok temiz ve sakin bir otel bulmamız gerekiyordu.
30. The suspect was soon arrested as there was so much evidence against her.
a. Aleyhindeki kanıtlar ortaya konur konmaz sanık tutuklandı.
b. Sanığın aleyhine o kadar kanıt vardı ki mahkeme onu hemen cezalandırdı.
c. Aleyhteki kanıtların çok olması nedeniyle, sanık oldukça ağır bir cezaya çarptırıldı.
d. Sanık aleyhindeki kanıtlar o kadar çoktu ki, tutuklanması olanaksızdı.
e. Aleyhine çok kanıt olduğu için, sanık hemen tutuklandı.
31. Birkaç kişi daha çağırmayı isterdim.
a. I was only able to invite a few people.
b. I think we ought to invite some more people.
c. I would have liked to have invited a few more people.
d. A few more people ought to have been invited.
e. I wanted them to invite a few other people.
32. Onlar ne derse desin, mücadeleden vazgeçmeyeceğiz.
a. It’s simply as they said, the struggle must continue.
b. It doesn’t matter what they say, we’ve struggled enough already.
c. The struggle will go on whatever anyone says.
d. No matter what they say, we shall not give up the struggle.
e. Despite what they say, the struggle cannot be avoided.
33. 1970’lere kadar, çoğu tanınmış gazetelerin büroları Fleet caddesindeydi.
a. The offices in Fleet Street were taken over by the leading newspapers with in the 1970s.
b. Even in the 1970s there were many well-known newspapers with offices in Fleet Street.
c. From the 1970s onwards, many leading newspapers tried to get offices in Fleet Street.
d. Since the 1970s Fleet Street has been privileged by the leading newspapers in view of its offices.
e. Till the 1970s most of the well-known newspapers had their offices in Fleet Street.
34. Bütün yapman gereken, ihtiyaçların için en uygun olan arabayı satın almaktır.
a. The best thing would be to buy the car that you like best.
b. All you have to do is buy the car that best fits your needs.
c. In buying a car, the most important thing is that it suits your needs.
d. The best car to buy is the one that really suits your needs.
e. All that is needed is a car that really does what you want it to do.
35. Görünüşte, hiç kimse onun kötü davrandığını kabul etmek istemiyordu.
a. Unfortunately, none of those who had behaved badly were prepared to admit it.
b. Obviously, those who had behaved badly were not going to admit it.
c. Apparently, no one was willing to admit that he had behaved badly.
d. Indeed, everyone had behaved badly but no one would admit it.
e. At last, it was admitted that no one had behaved really badly.
36. Sorunu ele alıştaki etkili yöntemine hayran olmaktan kendimi alamadım.
a. I couldn’t help admiring her effective manner in dealing with the matter.
b. I wouldn’t have admired the manner in which she dealt with the matter unless it had been effective.
c. Efficiency in dealing with matters is something I always admire.
d. The ability to cope with matters efficiently is an admirable quality.
e. She has a rare ability for coping with matters which I can’t help admiring.
England is famous for its gardens, and most people like gardening. This is possibly one reason why so many people prefer to live in houses rather than in flats. Particularly in suburban areas it is possible to pass row after row of ordinary small houses, each one with its neatly kept patch of grass surrounded by a great variety of flowers and shrubs. Enthusiasts of gardening get a great amount of helpful advice from the television and magazines.
Q. The passage stresses that, as many English people are fond of gardening, ………….
a. they don’t want to live in suburban areas
b. houses are more popular than flats
c. they can spare little time for the television
d. the price of land is constantly going up
e. they grow flowers but not grass and fruit trees
Q. The passage emphasizes that people interested in gardening ………….
a. find it essential to move out to distant rural areas
b. need large gardens in order to get satisfaction
c. are in a minority in England
d. get very little encouragement from the media
e. are supplied with information and guidance by both the television and the press
Q. The passage is regarded with ………….
a. the increasing demand for new varieties of flowers and shrubs
b. the problems of gardening in suburban areas
c. the new techniques in gardening
d. the enthusiasm of people in England for gardens and gardening
e. how to look after the grass in gardens
Public libraries, maintained by the local authorities, are well developed and progressive, and everywhere permit people to borrow books without charge. The books in the lending section are always kept on open shelves, and library staffs are very helpful in getting books on request from other libraries through the exchange system. Most libraries report an increase in borrowing over the last few years, so television does not seem to be stopping people from reading, as it was feared that it would.
Q. It is explained in the passage that any book that is not available in one library ………….
a. won’t be available at any library
b. can be brought from another
c. discourages people from using libraries
d. spoils the whole lending system of the public libraries
e. ought to be reported to the librarian
Q. As stressed in the passage, people nowadays —-.
a. prefer entertaining television programs to reading
b. are using public libraries more than they used to in the past
c. read a lot but don’t use the libraries much
d. complain a great deal about the poor services the libraries are offering
e. are using the exchange system less and less often
Q. The passage gives us the impression that public libraries ………….
a. charge more than is necessary for the services given
b. are no more receiving any financial support from local authorities
c. are working tremendously efficiently at present
d. do not cooperate with one another at all
e. are understaffed and poorly equipped
Fahrenheit is the system of measuring the temperature, how hot or cold something is, used by many people in Britain. The freezing point of Fahrenheit is 32 degrees. So a cold winter’s day in Britain would have a temperature of 38° F (3° centigrade), and a hot summer’s day would have a temperature of 90° F (32° centigrade). The Fahrenheit scale was invented by the German scientist Gabriel Fahrenheit in 1710. Today in Britain most people over twenty-five know the Fahrenheit scale but the centigrade system (Celsius) is being used more and more. Weather forecasts on television and in newspapers show temperature in both scales.
Q. It is stated in the passage that the term ”Fahrenheit” ………….
a. has retained its popularity among young people
b. is very seldom used in Britain today
c. refers to the scale of temperature between 32° and 90°
d. is never used in weather forecasts
e. derives from the name of a German scientist
Q. It is conveyed in the passage that in the long term, the Celsius system ………….
a. will be remembered only by the elderly
b. will soon fail into disuse
c. seems likely to be favored by newspapers but not by television
d. will replace the Fahrenheit one
e. will improve and become more reliable
Q. The passage is focused on………….
a. two different systems of measuring the temperature
b. the advantages of the Fahrenheit scale over the Celsius scale
c. the scientific research carried out by Gabriel Fahrenheit
d. the range in temperature to be found in the British Isles
e. the declining popularity of the Celsius scale in Britain
The Falklands are a group of small islands in the South Atlantic close to Argentina, with a population of 1,200 British citizens. They have been British territory ever since 1892. Disputes about who owns the islands go back to the eighteenth century. Argentina has long alleged that these islands, which they call the Malvinas, belong to them. They invaded the islands in April 1982 and the Falkland War lasted until July 1982 when British forces won them back. The Falkland War had an massive impact on Britain and is still controversial. Some people see it as a restoration of Britain’s old imperial power.
Q. It is emphasized in the passage that both Britain and Argentina —.
a. were reluctant to start the Falklands War
b. regard the Falklands as their own territory
c. realize that these islands are of no importance to anyone
d. prefer to use the name ‘Malvinas’ for these islands
e. simply laid claim to the islands after 1892
Q. According to the passage, the Falklands War ………….
a. was being fought, on and off, between 1892 and 1982
b. was largely ignored by the British public
c. demonstrated how right Argentina was in claiming the islands
d. was followed by a withdrawal of most British citizens from the islands
e. broke out after the islands were invaded by Argentina
Q. One may infer from the passage that, even today, Britain’s hold over the Falkland Islands ………….
a. is considered as politically and economically unnecessary by everyone in Britain
b. could, in all likelihood, lead to another war between Britain and other powers
c. causes more problems than benefits to the British public
d. is felt by some people to be a continuation of the British imperial rule
e. has not been accepted anywhere but in Argentina
49. I to ran into him on my way to the library.
a. Fortunately, I met him just before I entered the library.
b. We met and went to the library together.
c. I met him by chance as I was going to the library.
d. I was quite surprised when I met him in the library.
e. I happened to see him going into the library.
50. All the best items had been sold when we got to the exhibition.
a. We arrived at the exhibition too late to find anything worth buying.
b. We stayed on at the exhibition until all the best things had been sold.
c. By the time we arrived at the exhibition they had sold all but a few expensive items.
d. This time there were some very fine items at the exhibition.
e. Some of the most valuable things at the exhibition weren’t sold till much later.
51. Obviously, Tom and Larry can’t spend an afternoon together without fighting.
a. Tom and Larry must have got together in the afternoon to have a fight.
b. It looks as if Tom and Larry planned to fight that afternoon.
c. A fight seems inevitable when Tom and Larry are together even if only for an afternoon.
d. Presumably, on the afternoon of the fight, Tom and Larry were together.
e. Unfortunately, Tom and Larry spent the whole afternoon fighting each other.
52. We haven’t seen one another for ages, so I’m wondering if I shall even recognize him.
a. It’s such a long time since we met that I’m afraid I may not recognize him.
b. Though we haven’t met for years, there’s no fear of not recognizing him.
c. I recognized him easily though I hadn’t seen him for years.
d. You’ll have no difficulty in recognizing him, for he’s changed little over the years.
e. I met him years ago but I doubt if I should even recognize him now.
53. Wouldn’t it be better to let them know about the changes to the plan?
a. Couldn’t the plan be changed and made better?
b. Why haven’t they been informed about the new developments?
c. Shouldn’t they have been consulted before the scheme was changed?
d. We’d better ask them to change the plan, hadn’t we?
e. Don’t you think they should be informed about the changes in the plan?
54. Switzerland is only a small country but has rich natural endowments, particularly magnificent lakes surrounded by enormous, snow-clad mountains. …………, since it is this scenery that has brought so many tourists to the country.
a. However, it has no access to any sea
b. It is to its scenery that the country owes much of its wealth
c. The capital of the country is Bern
d. In the Alps the weather is generally cool even in the summer
e. There is a French speaking part and a German speaking part
55. This specific sauce is one of the most popular in Britain now. Its history is a curious one. …………. Being short of money he sold the recipe to a customer. The customer was a good businessman and made a fortune out of it.
a. I find it overpowers the taste of whatever else one is eating
b. I suppose people are attracted to its rich, brown color
c. At one time it was made and sold privately by a small shop-keeper
d. My mother still makes a similar sort of sauce which we all enjoy
e. Any shop-keeper will tell you that this one sells well.
56. London has several dozen theatres. …………. Outside London some quite big towns have no professional theatres at all but generally there are amateur groups that produce interesting plays.
a. You find people from all over the world gathering here
b. A successful play may run for even longer
c. local authorities give financial aid to those who need it
d. Many of them are professional but some of them are amateur
e. It takes an actor many years to learn his art.
57. For eating out in towns there is a marvelous variety of choice. Many of the Indian restaurants in particular, are very good indeed. …………. Some of them supply simple dishes, some more ambitious ones.
a. On the whole the British prefer to eat at home
b. But there are several other restaurants of different nationalities that are also extremely good
c. Last night we had a most enjoyable dinner at that Chinese restaurant
d. Indeed, eating out need not be as expensive as most people think
e. Even so, a lot of English people like wine with their meals
58. In an election campaign a promise to reduce direct taxation can be counted on to attract votes. No one likes to pay taxes. …………, and the consequence on a country’s economy is often a negative one.
a. A sudden change in policy would naturally have been most welcome
b. Another popular promise at election time has to be made
c. The majority of wage-earners are not even aware that they pay taxes
d. The system of taxation could not have been overhauled at a more favorable time
e. A cut in direct taxation however, has almost always to be compensated for in some way
59. Your music-set isn’t working well so you want to have it repaired, but don’t know where to take it. You ask a friend to suggest a good place. You say:
a. My music-set is in need of repairing. Can you recommend someone good?
b. You know, this music-set cost a lot but it’s always breaking down.
c. I’m afraid they’ll charge an awful lot to repair it.
d. Were you satisfied with the service they offered?
e. I only bought it a few months ago but it has disappointed me.
60. You’ve just finished school and want to start work. You’ve seen an interesting advertisement in a newspaper and call to get more particulars. You say:
a. This is exactly the kind of job I would like to have.
b. I am interested in the job you advertise. Can I start tomorrow?
c. Could you give me more details about the job you have advertised?
d. I suppose you can pay more than you’re offering, can’t you?
e. I must admit I only want the job on a temporary basis.
61. Driving home on a little used road after a picnic with friends you see an elderly person in trouble altering a tyre. You stop and say encouragingly:
a. You really shouldn’t have been driving so fast!
b. You know you ought to carry a spare tyre.
c. What is a person like you doing in a place like this?
d. I would have helped you if I had been able to.
e. Don’t worry! I’ll do it for you.
62. You receive a letter from an old friend of yours to say she is about to be married. You are pleased with the news, so you reply and say:
a. You don’t tell me much about your future husband, why not?
b. I don’t think you’re the type to have a happy marriage.
c. I was so thrilled to get your wonderful news, and wish you every happiness.
d. I haven’t yet been able to fix the date of the wedding.
e. Why didn’t you invite us to the wedding?
63. Your younger brother is naturally feeling very upset as his bike has been stolen. So you want to cheer him up and say:
a. I dread to think what father is going to say!
b. You should be ashamed of yourself!
c. You know that bicycle cost an awful lot.
d. Forget it! Take mine. You know I never use it.
e. You’ve always been careless about where you leave your bicycle.
64. At school, you’d agreed with a friend, that you’d go to a jazz concert together. Monday was the evening chosen and your friend was getting the tickets. Yet, later on, you find Monday is impossible, so you telephone your friend and say:
a. Can we change the day to Tuesday? I’m afraid I can’t make it on Monday.
b. Did we agree to go on Monday or on Tuesday?
c. I’ve just learnt that there won’t be a concert on Monday.
d. Have you learnt how much the tickets are going to cost?
e. I wish the other friends were coming with us.
65. Clara : I don’t want to pay so much for a pair of shoes. Haven’t you anything cheaper?
Shop assistant : Yes, we do. Try these.
Clara : …………
Shop assistant : Well, the others are certainly much nicer.
a. Do you have them in other colors?
b. They’ll do fine! How much are they?
c. I think I need a larger size.
d. Oh, I don’t like them at all.
e. These are very comfortable indeed. I’ll take them.
66. Mrs. Smith : You’re late, dear. What happened?
Mr. Smith : The car broke down again and it took me an hour to get it mended.
Mrs. Smith : …………
Mr. Smith : Yes, I suppose that’s the only way.
a. Did you get the brakes checked, too?
b. Well, stop worrying. You haven’t been hurt.
c. You’ll just have to sell it and get a new one.
d. I was worried in case you’d had an accident.
e. It’s lucky that you understand engines and know what to do.
67. Adams : What is your brother doing now?
Edmund : He works for the BBC; he does research work for the documentary programs.
Adams : …………
Edmund : Well, yes. Most of it is.
a. Interesting. Doesn’t he get tired of it?
b. Lucky him! The work must be fascinating!
c. What’s the salary like?
d. I don’t think that sort of work would suit me.
e. How did he get into a job like that?
68. Teddy : Betty is making some sandwiches for the picnic.
Suzi : You haven’t told her about it, have you?
Teddy : Yes, why not?
Suzi : …………
a. It was supposed to be a surprise for her!
b. I don’t really like sandwiches.
c. I can’t remember why I even asked her.
d. besides she knows everyone who is going.
e. Well, her cakes are always delicious.
69. Bob : I’m calling to learn how the weather is with you?
Laura : Cold and wet!
Bob : …………
Laura : Yes, and even a pair of rubber boots!
a. Never mind. We can sit round the fire and chat.
b. So we’re not likely to be going swimming?
c. So I’d better bring some warm clothes and a raincoat.
d. Still, I expect we’ll be able to walk out a bit.
e. In that case, I think I’ll stay here.
70. Simpson : I’m looking forward to going to the concert of the London Philharmonic Orchestra.
Fischer : …………
Simpson : The tickets have already been sold out but I’ve got two for us.
a. Wouldn’t it be a good idea to reserve seats in advance?
b. What did you think of their last performance?
c. I listened to them several times when I was in London.
d. Haven’t you seen the program yet?
e. I suppose the tickets have cost a small fortune.
71. (I) Some people enjoy watching a play from one of the front rows in a theatre.
(II) I don’t.
(III) I find I can’t forget I’m watching a play when I sit too close.
(IV) Modern productions naturally take advantage of such sound effects.
(V) The make-up and the landscape are both so obviously artificial.
72. (I) In England about 5,000 people are killed in road accidents every year.
(II) After all, the death rate is well below that in most other Western European countries.
(III) For example, it is about half the rate of that in France.
(IV) As British roads are in general less adequate than the French, the difference seems to indicate that the British drive more carefully.
(V) This is one reason why, in London, more and more people are using the underground
73. (I) Certain characteristics of plants are well known.
(II) Roots grow downwards but the leaves and stalks grow towards the source of light.
(III) We ought not to give plants too much water.
(IV) Other more interesting factors have also been observed.
(V) For example, some plants are affected by sound and seem to enjoy soft music but not loud.
74. (I) Lately quite a lot of studies have been carried out on the effect of wind on people.
(II) The findings are interesting.
(III) It seems that wind brings about a lot of people to get nervous.
(IV) Even the best drivers are liable to get involved in accidents when the roads are icy.
(V) One result of this is that there are more accidents on the roads in windy weather.
75. (I) Compared with people, animals often have very highly-developed senses.
(II) Undoubtedly the best-loved pets are cats and dogs.
(III) This is mainly because their lives depend upon it.
(IV) Elephants, for instance, seem to know if there is water underground.
(V) In addition, in time of need they will actually dig to get at it.